Chinese   Russian   English
Today: 28 July 2017 FIND 
Advanced search

Organisation for Co-Operation between Railways (OSJD)

OSJD Work

Railway Freight Transportation Performance in OSJD Area in 2016

фото годовое Аспаева

The results of activities in the field of the railway freight transportation in the OSJD area for 2016 were considered during the annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic held during the period from 11 till 14 October 2016 in the OSJD Committee (furtheron referred to as final meeting), which was attended by the representatives from: Azerbaijani Railways CJSC, Afghanistan Railway Authority (ARA) at the Ministry of Public Work of the IsIslamic Republic of Afghanistan, Byelorussian Railway (BC), CJSC “Hungarian State Railways” (CJSC MAV), Vietnamese Railway State Company (VZD), JSC Georgian Railway (GR), Railway of the Islamic Republic of Iran (RAI), JSC “Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company” (KZH), Chinese Railways (KZD), Railways of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (ZC), “Kyrgyz Temir Zholu National Enterprise” State Company (KRG), State JSC Latvian Railway (LDZ), JSC Lithuanian Railways (LG), State Enterprise “Railway of Moldova” (CFM), JSC “Ulan-Bator Railway” (JSC UBZD), Polish State Railways (PKP JSC), “Russian Railways” JSC (RZD JSC), railway freight transportation in the OSJD area for 2016 were considered during the annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic held during the period from 11 till 14 October 2016 in the OSJD Committee (furtheron referred to as final meeting), which was attended by the representatives from: Azer­baijani Railways CJSC, Afghanistan Railway Authority (ARA) at the Ministry of Public Work of the IsIslamic Republic of Afghanistan, Byelorussian Railway (BC), CJSC “Hungarian State Railways” (CJSC MAV), Vietnamese Railway State Company (VZD), JSC Georgian Railway (GR), Railway of the Islamic Republic of Iran (RAI), JSC “Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company” (KZH), Chinese Railways (KZD), Railways of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (ZC), “Kyrgyz Temir Zholu National Enterprise” State Company (KRG), State JSC Latvian Railway (LDZ), JSC Lithu­anian Railways (LG), State Enterprise “Railway of Moldova” (CFM), JSC “Ulan-Bator Railway” (JSC UBZD), Polish State Railways (PKP JSC), “Russian Railways” JSC (RZD JSC), Railway Society of Cargo Slovakia JSC (ZSSK Cargo), State Unitary Enterprise “Rohi Ohani Tojikiston” (TDZ), PJSC Ukrainian Railway - Ukrzaliznytsia (UZ), “Czech Railways Cargo” JSC (CD Cargo), JSC Estonian Railway (EVR), as well as an OSJD observer -“German Railway” JSC (DB AG); OSJD affiliated enterprises - Freightliner Group LLC, CTL Logistics LLC, CTM LLC, Freight One JSC, Association of Transport High Schools, PLASKE JSC, OLTIS Group JSC; the international organisations -Euroasian Economic Commission (EAEC), UIC and OSJD Committee.

Addressing the meeting participants with a welcome speech Attila Kiss, Secretary of the OSJD Committee, emphasized the relevance of the issues being discussed by the specialists and experts of the Commission of OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic and noted their importance which was achieved within 60 years of OSJD’s activities.

In addition to organisational, the meeting agenda included the following issues for considered:

  • work results of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic in 2016 on the following subjects:
  • “Improvement of the Agreement on the Uniform Transit Tariff (ETT) and updating of ETT”;
  • “Improvement of the Agreement on the International Railway Transit Tariff (MTT) and updating of MTT”;
  • “Updating of the Agreement on PGW, changes and amendments into the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in International Traffic (PGW), works to revise the PGW Rules”;
  • “Improvement and updating of the Harmonised Commodity Code (GNG)”;
  • “Creation of the List of Freight Stations of OSJD Railways”;
  • “Organisation of large-container traffic in communication between Europe and Asia”;
  • “Extending the practical application of the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note”;
  • “Works under the joint UNESCAP-OSJD projects”;
  • “Coordination of freight trains timetables of the OSJD railways in international traffic”;
  • “Coordination of goods transportation volumes in the international traffic”;
  • “Organisation of heavy-haul traffic”.

The final meeting has coordinated the drafts of the Report on “Activity results of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic for 2016" and the Work Plan of the Commission for 2017.

Improvement of the Agreement on the Uniform Transit Tariff (ETT) and updating of ETT

During the period from 17 till 20 May 2016 the city of Almaty (Republic of Kazakhstan) hosted the meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the Agreement on ETT.

The representatives of the following Parties to the Agreement on ETT took part in the meeting: AZ, VZD, GR, KZH, KZD, KRG, LDZ, CFM, UBZD JSC, Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, TDZ and UZ, as well as a representative of the OSJD Committee.

The meeting discussed the proposals and amendments by the Parties of the Agreement regarding the improvement of the Agreement on ETT and updating of the ETT Tariff which were received from KZH, KZD, the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, UTI and UZ. The Agreement and the ETT Tariff have been updated following the change in the UTI title. These changes have come into effect since 10 June 2016.

The parties to the Agreement approved changes and amendments into the ETT Tariff which took effect from 1 October 2016.

During 2016 the OSJD Committee being the depositary of the Agreement has declared effective the changes and amendments into the tables of transit distances in accordance with the provisions of the Agreement on ETT and basing on the formal notices of the Parties to the Agreement.

The working staff of the OSJD Commission prepared and posted on the OSJD website the actual texts of the Agreement on ETT and the ETT Tariff taking into account the announced changes and amendments.

The meeting approved to include the work on this subject into the draft Work Plan of the Commission for 2017.

Improvement of the Agreement on the International Railway Transit Tariff (MTT) and updating of MTT

Within this subject the XXVII meeting of the representatives of the parties to the Agreement on MTT was held from 28 June till 1 July 2016 in the city of Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic). Detailed information about this meeting has been published in the OSJD Bulletin journal No. 4-5/2016 (pages 37-40) and placed on the OSJD website (http://osjd.org).

Updating of the Agreement on PGW, changes and amendments into the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in International Traffic (PGW)

Following the results of the meetings of the representatives of the Parties to the Agreement on PGW, held within this subject, the following annexes to the actual PGW Rules have been updated:

  • Annex 7 “List of addresses and phone/fax numbers by which spare parts for the repair of goods wagons can be requested and returned”;
  • Annex 7a “List of addresses, phone numbers, telefaxes and telexes of the railways central bodies, central bodies of wagon management services and central accounting bureaux”.

The proposals into the new edition of the Agreement on PGW and ita annexes were considered and approved which were received from BC, KZH, LG and ZSSK Cargo.

The Commission meeting participants were informed that CGD meeting XXXI (25-29 April 2016, city of Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyz Republic) approved the “Report on the performance of AWG on PGW revision” and took a decision to deem the AWG work on PGW revision completed.

At CGD meeting XXXI the parties to the Agreement on PGW approved the complex changes and amendments into the Agreement on PGW and determined the date of their entrance into effect - 1 July 2017, as well as established the Procedure of the preparatory period for entry into force of the complex changes and amendments into the Agreement on PGW.

Following the decision of CGD meeting XXXI a meeting of the representatives of the parties to the Agreement on PGW was held (15-17 November 2016, OSJD Committee).

The working staff of the Commission prepared an actual text of the current Agreement on PGW as of 1 July 2016, as well as a text of the Agreement on PGW taking into account complex changes and amendments coming into force since 1 July 2017 which texts have been posted on the OSJD website (http://osjd.org).

The final meeting has approved to include into the draft Work Plan of the Commission for 2017 the following works:

  • improvement of the Agreement on PGW with its annexes;
  • consideration of the OSJD Leaflet O+R 401 “General terms for registration and operation of private wagons in the international traffic” taking into account the revised PGW Rules;
  • updating of the joint OSJD/UIC Leaflet O 402 “Rules of exchange and operation of freight wagons of new generation in the traffic between the railways with track gauges of 1435 mm and 1520 mm” taking into account the revised PGW Rules.

Improvement and updating of the Harmonised Commodity Code (GNG)

This subject was considered at the Commission meeting (22-25 March 2016, Zamosc, Republic of Poland) attended by the represen­tatives of the OSJD railways applying GNG, as well as the CTM LLC - an OSJD affiliated enterprise - and President of the UIC Steering Committee concerning NHM/DIUM issues.

The meeting considered the proposals and remark of the OSJD railways applying GNG in regard to the improvement and updating of the Harmonised Commodity Code (GNG) for the purpose of ensuring its harmonisation with the UIC Harmonized Commodity Code (NHM) - version of 2016.

The amendments and changes into the GNG Code approved at the meeting which draft was prepared by the GNG leading developer in OSJD - the Russian Railways JSC - taking into account the proposals and remarks of the OSJD railways applying GNG were approved by CGD meeting XXXI with their effect since 1 June 2016.

The OSJD Committee as the GNG depositary declared these amendments and changes effective since 1 June 2016.

The GNG actual text as of 1 June 2016 has been posted onto the OSJD website.

Within the framework of the OSJD and UIC cooperation, the representatives of the following OSJD railways: LG, RZD JSC (leading developer), CFR Marfa, CD Cargo and the OSJD Committee took part in the annual UIC meeting of the Steering committee concerning NHM/ DIUM issues (1-2 March 2016, Paris, France) at which amendments and changes into the NHM Code were approved with their entry into force since 1 May 2016. During the meeting the President of the UIC Steering Committee concerning NHM/DIUM issues noted that both organisations cooperate between each other on a very high level thus promoting the harmonisation of both OSJD and UIC documents.

The final meeting participants noted that participation of the leading developer, representatives of the concerned OSJD railways and OSJD Committee in the annual meetings of the UIC Steering Committee concerning NHM/DIUM issues is desirable for the purpose of further harmonization of the GNG and NHM Codes.

The final meeting agreed to enclose into the draft Work Plan for 2017 the activities for updating and improving the GNG Code, taking into account and including those amendments and changes, adopted into the NHM Code of 2017 version by the UIC Steering Committee con­cerning NHM/DIUM issues and changes in the Combined Nomenclature (CN) of the European Union Customs Union (EUCU).

The final meeting participants considered it feasible to continue the activities on this subject in cooperation with UIC and with participation of the OSJD affiliated enterprise - CTM LLC.

Creation of the List of Freight Stations of OSJD Railways

This subject was discussed at the Commission meeting (22-25 March 2016, Zamosc, Republic of Poland) attended by the experts of the OSJD Permanent Working Group on Coding and IT and the UIC.

To complete the List of Freight Stations of OSJD Railways in accordance with the provisions of Leaflet O 405 “Regulations for creation and administration of the List of Freight Stations of OSJD Railways” (II-nd edition) new data was provided by KZD and ZC. The following railways have updated their data: GR, KZH, LG, PKP JSC, RZD JSC, CFR Marfa, ZSSK Cargo, TDZ, and UZ.

Updated information as regards the List of Freight Stations of OSJD Railways has been posted on the OSJD website in the PDF format.

Organisation of large-container traffic in communication between Europe and Asia

The work results on this subject were considered at an expert meeting of the Commission (28 June - 1 July 2016, Hanoi, Vietnam).

Within this subject the leading duty holder - KZH updated the database on container trains and piggyback service in the international traffic on the basis of the data provided by the following OSJD railways: BC, MAV CJSC, KZH, KZD, LDZ, LG, CFM, UBZD JSC, RZD JSC, ZSSK Cargo, UZ, CD Cargo and EVR. The data has not been provided by AZ, BDZ, VZD, GR, RAI, ZC, KRG, PKP, CFR Marfa, TDZ, TRK, and UTI.

It should be noted that 200 container block trains and contrailer trains have been organised and run on the OSJD railways on a regular basis, whereas 278 trains set off on request.

The updated information on the container trains and contrailer traffic as of 14 October 2016 prepared by the leading duty holder on this sub-topic on the basis of the data received from the railways is published in the OSJD Bulletin journal No. 6/2016 and on the OSJD Website.

The leading duty holder suggested that when forming the database it is advisable to show the dynamics of work organisation in the field of container block trains and contrailer traffic, which includes information on the containers volumes carried as part of container trains and combined transport.

The final meeting participants supported the proposal of the leading duty holder.

UZ, being a leading duty holder on the subtopic “Database build-up for the volume indicators of container traffic” performed work on to build up the database of the large-container traffic volumes on the OSJD railways for 2014­2015 on the basis of the data provided by the following railways: AZ, BC, BDZ, KZH, KZD, KRG, LDZ, LG, CFM, UBZD JSC, RZD JSC, ZSSK Cargo, UTI, UZ, CD Cargo and EVR.

The analysis has shown that in 2015 the OSJD railways admitted 1759.0 thousand TEUs and 1960.0 thousand DFE were handed over that is 17% and 14% less against 2014, respectively.

The data has not been provided by MAV CJSC, VZD, GR, RAI, ZC, PKP, CFR Marfa, TDZ and TRK.

KZH, being a leading duty holder on the subtopic “Updating and follow-up of the electronic version of the Reference Book “Transportation of Large Containers and Contrailer Traffic between Europe and Asia” has updated the Reference Book taking into account the provided data.

The representatives of the OSJD railways delivered reports to the final meeting in regard to the activities performed in the field of the organisation of goods traffic in large containers in communication Europe - Asia - Europe, including the traffic of container block trains.

The information submitted by the railways concerning the performed activities in the field of the organisation of large container traffic in communication Europe - Asia - Europe, including container block trains, is in full shown in the draft Report “Work results of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic for 2016”.

The representative of PLASKE JSC (OSJD affiliated enterprise) informed the meeting participants about the transit traffic in Ukraine, the main projects for the development of intermodal transport in the region and the initiative of the railways of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine for the organisation of large-container traffic in communication China - Europe - China along the route crossing the Caspian and Black Seas by using the direct railway ferry service and integration of container trains at this direction.

The representative of the Association of Transport High Schools (OSJD affiliated member) delivered a presentation to the final meeting participants on the subject “Management and administration of the Foreign Trade Traffic in the Transport Corridors of Europe and Asia”.

Extending the practical application of the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note

This subject was discussed at an expert meeting of the Commission (28 June - 1 July 2016, Hanoi, Vietnam).

The railways have performed a large amount of work for the reporting period aimed at the organisation of freight traffic in wagons and containers under the use of the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note from China to the countries of Europe and in the opposite direction.

The chairperson of the meeting emphasised that by expanding the geographical coverage of the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note for the whole transit route of goods through the railways applying various legal systems makes it possible to organise transportation without re-wrighting carriage documents on the borders, to reduce the delivery time of goods, to better the organisational issues of freight traffic and, thereby, to provide conditions for attracting additional goods volumes onto the railways.

The summarised information for 2014-2015 concerning the goods transportation volumes carried under the use of the uniform CIM/SMGS consignment note in the international traffic has been prepared by the RZD JSC, which is a leading duty holder on the subject.

The meeting participants were informed about the project of “Rail transport of mail and parcels between China and Europe", implemented by the Universal Postal Union (UPU), CIT and CCTT. Besides, it was noted that pilot projects within this subject have been carried out for the time being with the participation of the following railways: KZD, “KTZ NC” JSC, RZD JSC, BC, PKP, DB AG.

Taking into account this experience it was suggested that the OSJD member countries speed up the activities in this perspective area.

Works under the joint UNESCAP-OSJD projects

Taking into account the growing interest in mutual trade between the countries of South-East Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus and Europe in order to attract additional amounts of goods flows onto the railway transport and to ensure free carriage of goods, the OSJD Commission experts continued their activities in cooperation with UNES- CAP with the purpose of increasing the efficiency of railway freight transport between those regions.

For the purpose of cooperation development in the field of joint UNESCAP-OSJD projects implementation, the JSC “Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company” (KZH) being a leading duty holder on this subject repeatedly invited the UNESCAP Secretariat to provide their proposals for working out the actions of joint projects further implementation. At this stage the reply is expected from the UNESCAP Secretariat.

Meanwhile the UNESCAP Secretariat has been implementing the following projects for the time being: “Development of barrier-free intermodal transport services in North-East and Central Asia with the railways participation for the purpose of expanding the Euroasian transport connections” and "Facilitation of cross-border transportation in the international railway traffic”.

Within the framework of these projects implementation the experts of the Commission have been carrying out their activities towards:

- determining the list of the current requirements to the railway intermodal transport documentation with automobile and sea transport segments, as well as facilitating the border-crossing procedures by rail;

- analyzing the available international best practices;

- offering possible ways of simplification and streamlining of documentation flows and formalities regarding railway intermodal transportation (including in seaports and at border crossing points) between member countries of the project in the North-East and in Central Asia.

In April 2016 the UNESCAP representatives held a number of meetings in Kazakhstan with the personnel of the governmental bodies, national railway companies and transport-forwarding companies aimed at the implementation of these projects.

Coordination of freight trains timetables of the OSJD railways in international traffic

During the period from 1 till 4 February 2016 the city of Sinae (Romania) hosted the Commission meeting devoted to the issues of development and coordination of freight trains timetables by the border crossing points for the European railways and group I of the OSJD railways for the period of 2016-2017.

The remarks of the railways were considered within the subgroups; timetables for the freight trains by the border crossing points were worked out and approved for the period of 2016-2017.

Coordination of goods transportation volumes in international traffic

This subject was considered at a meeting of the representatives of railways and foreign- trade organisations (29.02.-04.03.2016, Sochi, Russian Federation) which was attended by the representatives of the following OSJD railways: VZD, KZH, KZD, ZC, UBZD JSC and RZD JSC, as well as the representatives of the foreign trade organisations of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, People’s Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Russian Federation and OSJD Committee.

The meeting participants summarised the results of following up the foreign-trade goods volumes planned for the year 2015 and coordinated the transportation volumes for export, import and transit

cargo flows for the year 2016 with their distribution by quarters and by types of goods by each border crossing point, as well as worked out technical and organisational measures to ensure the agreed level of freight traffic volumes.

Organisation of heavy-haul traffic

Within this subject, an OSJD International Seminar was held in the city of Warsaw on 7-8 April 2016 under the title “Organisation of heavy- haul / long-train traffic” (further on referred to as Seminar) which was attended by more than 50 representatives of transport administrations, railway carriers, wagon-building enterprises, transport high schools and transport scientific- research institutions of Azerbaijan, Hungary, Vietnam, Germany, Kazakhstan, DPRK, Latvia, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Sweden, UIC and OSJD Committee.

The seminar was devoted to discuss the following thematic blocks:

  • development of heavy-haul traffic in the Euroasian area (international experience, technologies, operation);
  • infrastructure and railway rolling stock of increased load-carrying capacity;
  • ensuring the border crossing for heavy-haul and long trains;
  • efficiency of heavy-haul and long-train operation.

The Seminar participants listened to the presentations and reports of the speakers. Following the results of the discussions and experience exchange the participants worked out Recommendations for the heavy-haul and long-train traffic organisation.

The results of the Seminar have shown that the heavy-haul and long-train traffic organisation on the Euroasian continent are largely effected by the level of infrastructure maintenance and of rolling stock production of increased load-carrying capacity (wagons, locomotives), which in turn is connected with the benefits and economic effects of the heavy-haul and long-train operation, feasibility of further revision by the experts of track, wagon and locomotive services, as well as of the structural divisions of automatic interlocking, signalling, communications and power-supply services.

OSJD Freight Web-portal

Creation of the OSJD Freight Web-portal has been completed which development has been performed by the CTM LLC - an OSJD affili­ated enterprise.

The Freight Web-portal began its work in December 2015. It is an OSJD product providing quick-search opportunities for the necessary data throughout the OSJD documents in the field of freight transportation. The OSJD website is provided with a link for a fast access to the Freight Web-portal.

The CTM LLC together with the working staff of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic carried out work to update and fill in the OSJD Freight Web-portal during 2016.

The CTM LLC representative informed the final meeting participants about the creation process of the modern interactive OSJD Freight Web-portal which is an electronic program reference system and enables the functions to search the data on the basis of any detail including by the name of the railway, station, station code, cargo operations performed at stations, with a possibility to place data on the interactive map, to perform search, to determine possible railway routes between them, as well as other necessary additional information. The databases of any kind provide a possibility to search and export into various formats the OSJD regulating documents, first of all, SMGS with its annexes in a structured order, with a search capability; ETT and MTT Tariffs, PGW Rules, List of Freight Stations and other documents which are within the competency of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic (the list can be expanded).

The meeting participants noted with gratitude the relevance and usefulness of the work carried out by the CTM LLC to create the OSJD Freight Web-portal and other company’s software products which are of practical interest for the railway carriers and are of great demand for the purpose of their everyday application at work.

The OSJD Freight Web-portal is updated and filled in in a prompt and regular manner.

The OSJD Website has been filled in with up-to-date texts of all OSJD agreements, contracts, leaflets and other documents, including those being within the competence of the Commission, as well as provides a possibility to exchange rapidly the information by using the restricted log-in platform of the OSJD Website (http://osjd.org).


 

 

Work Results of PWG CI in 2016

фото годовое ПРГ КИ

The activity performance of the OSJD Permanent Working Group on Coding and Information Technology (PWG CI) for the past year was considered during the final meeting of PWG CI which took place from 22 till 24 November 2016 in the OSJD Committee with the participation of the representatives of the following railways of the OSJD member countries: BC, “KTZ NC” JSC, LG, UBZD JSC, PKP JSC, RZD JSC, ZSSK, Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC (UZ) and EVR, as well as the Associations of Transport High Schools - the OSJD affiliated enterprise and OSJD Committee.

The meeting agenda included the following issues:

  • consideration of cooperation opportunities between the OSJD Permanent Working Group on Coding and IT and the Institute of Transport Technology and Control Systems within the Moscow State University for Railway Engineering named after the Emperor Nicholas II (MGUPS/MIIT);
  • PWG CI Work Plan performance for 2016 and coordination of the draft Report by individual subjects:
  • Coding and information technology;
  • Paperless technology for the transportation of goods in the international railway traffic;
  • Safety of information resources and information and telecommunication infrastructure;
  • Information support for freight and passenger traffic - Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TAF TSI and TAP TSI);
  • OSJD Website.

- consideration and coordination of the draft Work Plan for 2017 and draft Work Programme of PWG CI for 2018 and the years to follow, as well as other matters of the agenda.

The possibilities of cooperation with the Institute of Transport Technology and Control Systems of MIIT were discussed with the representative of the “Management and Information Security” Department of that Institute who was invited to take part in the final meeting.

In his presentation the institute representative informed about the programme and intentions of the University.

The PWG CI final meeting of took into consideration the information presented by the MGUPS/MIIT representative and invited the institute representatives to take part in the expert meeting on the subject “Safety of Information Resources and Information and Telecommunications Infrastructure”, scheduled for 2017.

Coding and information technology

Within the framework of this subject the following joint OSJD/UIC Leaflets were updated:

  • O 920-1 “Uniform digital coding of railway undertakings, infrastructure managers and other companies participating in the transportation by railway”;
  • O 920-6 “Uniform digital coding of additional, customs and other charges” (a decision was taken to cancel this joint Leaflet and to develop a similar OSJD Leaflet without UIC participation applying to it a status of O+R - “obligatory and recommendatory”);
  • O 920-7 “Uniform digital coding for marking the payment methods” (in the progress of the Leaflet consideration it was proposed to cancel it);
  • O 920-11 “Uniform digital coding of information on the defects and damages of different parts of wagons arising abroad” (due to the lack of practical application of this Leaflet in information exchange on the OSJD railway, the leading duty holder proposed to terminate its development and to cancel it);
  • O 920-13 “Uniform digital coding and data structure required in the international freight traffic” (it was proposed to continue updating Leaflet O 920-13 according to the Work Plan of PWG CI for 2017).

Analysis of the Leaflets being updated which are within the PWG CI responsibility

Due to the current situation in collaboration with UIC, the PWG CI final meeting considered it expedient to update the “Regulations of the OSJD/UIC Joint Group “Coding and Information Technology”

(issued in November, 1999), having included it as an independent sub-topic into the draft PWG CI Work Plan for 2017.

Creation of the “List of carriers working on the basis of SMGS conditions” and Regulations for a prompt updating on the basis of Annex 5 to SMGS

The final meeting came to a conclusion that the work on this subject had been completed, and the publication of the “List of carriers working under SMGS conditions” was not required.

Collaboration with UIC

According to the PWG CI Work Plan for 2016 the ZSSK Cargo and the working staff of PWG CI organised the 70th meeting of the OSJD/UIC Joint Group “Coding and Information Technology” (25 May 2016, city of Poprad, Slovak Republic).

The Joint Group meeting was attended by 18 specialists representing the interests of 14 subjects.

Apart from formal points the following issues were on the meeting agenda:

  • consideration of the progress of work, the decisions taken or readiness of both parties - OSJD and UIC for updating the joint Leaflets O 920-1, O 920-6, O 920-7, O 920-11, O 920-13, O 920-15 and UIC Leaflet 428-1;
  • the Joint Group agreed to except Leaflets O 920-11, O 920-15 and 428-1 from the Coordination List of the OSJD/UIC joint leaflets;
  • updating of the Coordination List on joint leaflets is continued until the end of September 2016, and after it had been coordinated by the relevant bodies of OSJD and UIC the lists were published on the Websites;
  • publication of joint OSJD/UIC leaflets and other documents on the Websites of OSJD and UIC and access to them - an online presentation;
  • date and venue of the next 71st meeting of the Joint Group was determined partially: 19 May 2017, organiser - UIC.

The following documents introduced in the UIC in cooperation with the OSJD have been posted and updated promptly on the OSJD Website since mid-2015:

o the List of Railway Codes of the Countries according to Leaflet O 920-14; o Codes of the railway enterprises (RICS) according to Leaflet O 920-1; o Codes of border crossing points according to Leaflet O 920-2;

o Uniform tables of distances for the international freight traffic (DIUM) - totally 25 countries of Europe.

Paperless technology for the transportation of goods in the international railway traffic

Updating of Leaflet R 942 “Technology of information support for freight traffic under SMGS conditions in case of electronic data exchange in the UN/EDIFACTstandard” During the PWG CI expert meeting (6-8 April 2016, city of Gomel) the Russian Railways JSC as a leading duty holder presented the draft updated Leaflet R 942 which was added with a new section “Information exchange to ensure preliminary information for the customs authorities about the goods imported into the country’s territory” and other completions described in the explanatory note to the draft Leaflet.

During the discussion of the Leaflet amendments the meeting participants took a decision to address the OSJD Commission on Transport Law with a request to provide explanations concerning a possibility to carry out shipments and filling out the carriage documents for a group of wagons after cargo reception, implementation of wagon uncoupling with filling out a sheet for the delivery to destination, as well as readdressing of goods at the station of origin.

The PWG CI final meeting has approved to continue updating Leaflet R 942, having included it into the draft PWG CI Work Plan for 2017.

Transformation of the reference materials “Recommendations for working with the SMGS carriage documents” posted in the independent navigation section of the OSJD Website with their corresponding reprocessing into an OSJD leaflet and updating of reference materials

The PWG CI final meeting considered the materials for the draft new leaflet provided by the Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC and took a decision to apply the provisions worked out by the Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC for preparing in 2017 the draft Leaflet PJSC “Information technology for carriers interaction in case of electronic documents application” which development has been included into the draft Work Plan for 2017.

Implementation of the projects for the information support for the international railway freight traffic by the SMGS consignment note data, CIM/SMGS consignment note data, train data, data of other documents applied in SMGS, data of accompanying documents (invoice, packing sheet)

The final meeting approved to include the information, provided by 10 railways in regard to the electronic documents, into the “Report on PWG CI activities for 2016”.

It was noted that, apart from the active railways, contribution into the development of paperless technology for the transportation of goods in the international railway service is made by the OSJD affiliated enterprises and other organisations as well.

The representative of the Euro-Asian Economic Commission informed the expert meeting participants (27-28 October 2016) about the work progress in regard to the draft Customs Code of the Euro-Asian Economic Union and about the work plans regarding the draft decisions on the preliminary information for the customs authorities when carrying the goods by rail.

The representative of the AED Rail Service LLC (Latvia), which is an OSJD affiliated enterprise, informed the expert meeting participants about the works carried out within the framework of the project “Electronic Container Transportation”, the results achieved under it and the directions of further actions.

Progress in updating OSJD leaflets O+R 943 (Library of standard electronic massages for the freight transportation in the international traffic under the SMGS conditions in UN/ EDIFACT standard) and O+R 944 (List of classifiers and codes of data elements. Library of code lists for the freight traffic under the SMGS conditions)

OSJD leaflets O+R 943 and O+R 944 were added with some segments and qualifiers for the purpose of implementing the formatting and logical control and interaction with the customs authorities in the field of preliminary information transformation about the train.

The PWG CI expert meeting participants approved the proposed version of the APERAK message specification taking into account the remarks received from the Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC.

The final meeting took notice of the information delivered be the RZD JSC being the leading duty holder on this subject about the need to continue in 2017 the work in regard to data element 7065 of Leaflet O+R 944 taking into account the remarks received from LG. It also reached concord in regard to the approved drafts of updated OSJD Leaflets O+R 943 and O+R 944.

Collaboration with CIT

Following the agreement between OSJD and CIT (International Rail Transport Committee) in 2016 within the PWG CI expert meetings (6-8 April 2016 and 27-28 October 2016) two meetings took place of the “Joint technical group for updating the Technical Specifications of the electronic CIM/SMGS consignment note”.

Security of information resources and information and telecommunications infrastructure (SIRITI)

Development and summarising the operational experience of organisational and technical solutions during the exchange of electronic transport documents by using the ES/EDS signatures when carrying goods in border­crossing traffic on the basis of dual technologies of the Confidential Third Parties (CTP), as well as other bilateral mutually agreed solutions

Experts of the following OSJD railways: BC, RZD JSC and Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC summarised the results of the two-sided freight traffic after it had been transferred onto the use of electronic carriage documents.

The expert meeting participants (27-29 September 2016) held a discussion about the condition and the prospects of further development in the information exchange collaboration between the OSJD member countries.

The BC representative provided summarised information on the operational results of the organisational and technical solutions in case of electronic transport documents exchange by using the ES/EDS signatures when carrying goods in border-crossing traffic on the basis of dual technologies of the Confidential Third Parties.

Basing on the discussion results of the provided information the main areas of work for the application of technical solutions on the basis of CTP technology were agreed. It was noted that the development in application of electronic carriage documents in the international traffic, including CTP technologies, goes in the direction of the implementation organisation of interaction multilateral patterns.

In this regard the meeting participants considered it expedient to update Leaflet R 941-3 taking into account the available practices of Russian Railways JSC, BC, LG, with consideration of the changes introduced at the PWG CI expert meeting on the SIRITI subject in 2017.

The Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC and Rail Cargo Hungaria CJSC carried out works to implement the transportation of private and leased empty wagons under the use of electronic carriage documents. Technical issues, in particular, the format of the electronic consignment note are agreed. The draft relevant agreement has been prepared and undergoes the approval procedures.

Interaction development of BC and Ukrzaliznytsia PJSC regarding application of legally significant electronic carriage documents is going on. The parties consider applying the technology of the dual Confidential Third Parties to ensure the legal importance of carriage documents.

Updating of OSJD Leaflet R 941-4 “Description of standard technical specifications of cross-border interaction of ‘open keys infrastructures’ of railways in OSJD member countries”

Representatives of the RZD JSC which is a leading duty holder leading on this subject informed the expert meeting participants (27-29 September 2016) that updating of this Leaflet due to the lack within the accounting period of the new approved schemes of cross-border interaction of information systems using the digital signature had not been carried out. The RZD JSC prepared an English-language version of this Leaflet and provided it to the meeting participants who assessed the carried-out work positively. The English-language version of the Leaflet is posted on the external portal of the OSJD Website in the section “Documents and Leaflets”.

The meeting participants recommended that updating of OSJD Leaflet R 941-4 should be continued in part of including into it new schemes of cross-border information exchange in case of their approval by the railway administrations of the OSJD member countries.

The RZD JSC expressed their readiness to update OSJD Leaflet R 941-4 taking into account practical transition in 2017 onto the transportation systems by using electronic documents for empty wagons in the transit service (RZD-LG- BC-RZD), as well as the transition of KTZ- Freight Transportation JSC onto the scheme of recognition of electronic documents with digital signature through CTP.

Works on these subjects will be continued in 2017.

Use of the scheme of recognition of legally significant electronic cross-border documents by applying the technology of the Dual Confidential Third Party during tripartite international traffic

The PWG CI expert meeting (27-29 September 2016) listened to the information about the decisions made by the meeting of the representatives of railways of Belarus, Lithuania and Russia concerning the implementation of empty private wagons transportation of by using the paperless technology in the international railway service. The involved railways developed the scheme of the information systems cross-border interaction in case of electronic documents exchange signed by the ES / EDS by using the CTP technology between the Russian Railways JSC, LG and BC (for the route Russia (Kaliningrad) - Lithuania - Belarus - Russia and in the opposite direction).

It was recommended that after the specified scheme is updated, approbated and approved, the information about it should be included into Leaflet P 941-4, as well as placed onto the “Portal of specifications bank according to the cross-border interaction schemes” developed and operated by the Russian Railways JSC.

The Byelorussian side informed about the positive results of joint operation of BC and DB Cargo Rail Polska in coordination of the scheme of recognition of the legal importance of carriage documents within the framework carried out for the development of transportation basing on the paperless technology for the transport corridor Poland - Belarus – Russia

Development of regulatory, technological and technical basis for implementing and developing of various recognition schemes for the cross-border electronic legally significant documents on the basis of the “Portal of specifications bank according to the cross-border interaction schemes”

During the PWG CI expert meeting (27-29 September 2016) the representative of the Russian Railways JSC informed about the creation and support of the English-language version of the “Portal of specifications bank according to the cross-border interaction schemes”. The Portal is posted with the following address: http://bos. pkitrans.ru/Home/SetCulture?culture=en/

This Portal was practically used when adjusting the procedures of mutual recognition of electronic documents with the ES/EDS between the CTPs of the Russian Railways JSC and the “KTZ NC” JSC.

In view of the lack of the new approved schemes of the cross-border interaction by using the ES/EDS signatures, the Portal had not been added with corresponding schemes and organisational technical documentation for the accounting period. It is planned to post onto the Portal the recognition scheme for the crossborder legally significant electronic documents by using the technology of the Dual Confidential Third Party during tripartite international traffic between the RZD JSC, LG and BC after its coordination and approval. BC provided information about the functionality testing of the specifications bank Portal. In general, the conclusions made by the testing results show that the Portal has accomplished its declared functions.

The expert meeting participants addressed the RZD JSC with a request to continue operation and support of the Specifications Bank Portal in part of the schemes of cross-border interaction, organisational and technical documenta­tion, as well as to provide support of the English version.

Monitoring and analysis of the projects in the field of crossborder interaction of the Open Keys Infrastructures which are implemented in the European Union and the Asian-Pacific countries (including the analysis

of changes in the regulatory basis of the Russian Federation and EAEU)

The Russian Railways JSC as a leading duty holder has submitted a monitoring report of the projects in the field of cross-border interaction of Open Keys Infrastructures which are implemented in the European Union and Asian-Pacific countries, having focused attention of the PWG CI experts on the increase of the projects number in the sphere of electronic trade with the use of the ES/EDS signatures, including in the Asian- Pacific countries. There have appeared new regulating documents of the Euroasian Economic Commission (EEC) and the ETSI standards in the field of ES/EDS signatures which could find application in the activities of railway administrations of the OSJD member countries regarding the use of legally significant cross-border electronic document flow and creation of cross-border space of trust.

In particular, the Recommendation of the ECE Collegium as of 3 February 2015 No. 2 “About the list of standards and recommendations in the field of the information and telecommunications technologies and information security applied during the creation, operation and development of the integrated information system of foreign and mutual trade” contain standards recommended for the use in hardware and software systems of the Confidential Third Party.

The following sections from the “Regulations for the electronic documents exchange in case of cross-border interaction” approved by the decision of the ECE Collegium as of 28 September 2015 No. 125 can be used in the regulatory and organisational technical documents providing legally significant cross-border electronic document flow of the railways of OSJD member countries:

  • Procedures for the solution of emergency situations arising from the electronic document exchange.
  • Requirements for forming and processing procedures for handling the CTP receipts.
  • Format of messages used in the interaction with CTP.
  • The list of the logical trans­actions and events arising from handling the electronic messages and electronic documents by the Confidential Third Party and reflected in the auditing register.

The PWG CI expert meeting has recommended that the OSJD members - participants of cross-border information exchange should carry out the analysis of the specified ECE Collegium document for the purpose of taking into account its provisions in the existing and developed regulatory principles of cross-border information exchange.

The PWG CI expert meeting has approved the activities carried out by the Russian Railways JSC and addressed the leading railway with a request to continue the monitoring and analysis of the projects in the field of cross-border interaction which are implemented in the European Union and the Asian-Pacific countries as well as to prepare recommendations regarding the feasibility of the new regulating documents and standards being into account on the Specifica­tions Bank Portal in regard to the schemes of cross-border interaction.

Information support for freight and passenger traffic. Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TAF TSI and TAP TSI)

Preparation and conduct of the Seminar on the implementation of technical specifications for interoperability in freight and passenger international railway traffic (TAF TSI and TAP TSI)

On 24 May 2016 the city of Poprad (Slovak Republic) hosted a joint OSJD/UIC workshop on the following subject “Information support for freight and passenger traffic. Technical specifications for interoperability (TAF TSI and TAP TSI)” which was attended by 28 experts from 20 entities.

The workshop participants listened to 14 reports and discussed 15 issues with the contributors, having considered it expedient to organise a similar joint workshop on the subject “TAP TSI and TAF TSI” in 2017.

The workshop documents have been sent to all the OSJD railways and placed on the internal portal of the OSJD Website.

Further improvement of OSJD Website

The PWG CI final meeting took into consideration the information concerning progress of the OSJD Website development and decided to continue this work in 2017 for the purpose of further improvement of the OSJD Website, having approved the structure and the contents of the draft Report “Activity performance of the PWG CI OSJD for 2016” with its posting onto restricted (logged) section of the OSJD Website after its completion for a possible updating of the information regarding electronic data exchange.

Due to the received request from the HITRAIL IT-company for updating joint OSJD/UIC Leaflet O 917-5 “HERMES System” the final meeting discussed and decided to include the work on updating this Leaflet into the draft PWG CI Work Plan for 2017. ■

 


 

Improving and Updating the International Railway Transit Tariff

 фото Аспаева Карлове Вары

In accordance with the current provisions of the SMGS, the calculation of carriage charges for the transport of goods along the transit railways is performed by means of transit tariffs applied by railways. International Railway Transit Tariff (MTT) is one of such tariffs at the present time. Ms. Zubaida ASPAYEVA, Chairperson of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic narrates in her article about the progress of work within the OSJD with regard to the improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updates of the MTT Tariff.

The MTT Tariff is an integral part of the Agreement on international railway transit tariff. At present the Parties to the Agreement on MTT are as follows:

  • Closed Joint Stock Company "Azerbaijani Railways" (AZ),
  • Belarus Railway (BC),
  • Joint Stock Company "Georgian Railway" (GR),
  • Joint Stock Company "Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company" (KZH),
  • State Enterprise "Kyrgyz Temir Zholy" National Company (KRG),
  • State Joint Stock Company "Latvian Railway" (LDZ),
  • Joint Stock Company "Lithuanian Railways" (LG),
  • State Enterprise "Railway of Moldova" (CFM),
  • Joint Stock Company "Ulan-Bator Railway" (UBZD),
  • Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation,
  • State Unitary Enterprise "Tajik Railway" (TDZ),
  • Joint Stock Company "Uzbek Railways" (UTI),
  • Public Joint Stock Company "Ukrainian Railway" (UZ),
  • Joint Stock Company "Czech Railways" (CD Cargo),
  • Joint Stock Company "Estonian Railway" (EVR).

Based on the MTT Tariff, the railways of the OSJD Member States are Parties to the Agreement on MTT and they mould the tariff policy of their railways with regard to transportation of goods in international traffic.

Within the OSJD and within the framework of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic, ongoing purposeful activities are carried out on the improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updating of the MTT Tariff. It is these issues that were the subject of consideration at the XXVII Meeting of representatives from the Parties to the Agreement on international railway transit tariff (MTT) that took place in the city of Karlovy Vary (Czech Republic) from the 28th of June till the 1st of July 2016.

The meeting was attended by representatives from the Parties to the Agreement on MTT as follows: AZ, BC, GR, KZH, KRG, LDZ, LG, CFM, UBZD, Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation, TDZ, UTI, UZ, CD Cargo and EVR as well as representatives from "CTM" LLC which is an Affiliated enterprise of the OSJD and OSJD Committee.

Mr. Michal Roh, Adviser to the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Joint Stock Company "Czech Railways" (CD Cargo), addressed the meeting participants with a welcome speech stressing the relevance of activities carried out with regard to the improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updating of the MTT Tariff for the purpose of providing higher competitiveness of transportation of goods by transit railway transport in traffic of Europe - Asia - Europe and informed the meeting participants on activities of the JSC "CD Cargo" as well as promising aspects of the development of the company and international railway transportation.

In accordance with the agenda adopted for the meeting, the participants considered proposals made by the Parties to the Agreement on MTT with regard to the improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updating of the MTT Tariff (making alterations and supplements), including a number of other issues.

It was pointed out that following the results of work of the preceding meeting (from 30th of June till the 3d of July 2015, city of Yurmala, Republic of Latvia), the OSJD Committee as the Administration of the MTT Tariff declared the entry into force of the agreed alterations and supplements in the Agreement on MTT and MTT Tariff from the 1st of September 2015. The OSJD Committee published the updated texts of the Agreement on MTT and MTT Tariff as of the 1st of January 2016 making them available on the OSJD Web-site.

In accordance with the proposal submitted by the UTI, the Parties to the Agreement on MTT adopted the agreed alteration in the Agreement on MTT with regard to the change of the name of the railway administration. This alteration in the Agreement on MTT entered into force from the 25th of July 2016.

In accordance with the provisions of the Agreement on MTT and based on the official notifications of the KZH and UZ, certain alterations were made in the Table of transit distances of railways of Kazakhstan and Ukraine in the MTT Tariff with their entering into force at the established time. The OSJD Committee, as the Administration of the MTT Tariff, has declared these alterations.

The meeting participants that are Parties to the Agreement on MTT considered the proposals on updating the MTT Tariff and adopted the agreed alterations and supplements in the MTT Tariff as follows:

- In paragraph 24 "Charges for the carriage of train attendants" of Section II "Special Tariff Rules" of Part II of the MTT Tariff;

- In paragraph 28 "Charges for the carriage with a reduced time of delivery" of Section II "Special Tariff Rules" of Part II of the MTT Tariff;

- In paragraph 29 "Charges for the carriage of goods in containers and carriage of empty containers" of Part III "Calculation of carriage charges for transportation of goods in containers and carriage of empty containers" of the MTT Tariff;

- In the lists of contents of Section I of Part V of the MTT Tariff.

The following supplements and alterations were as well entered:

- In paragraph 2 "Remarks to the Table of transit distances" of Chapter I of Part V of the MTT Tariff;

- Remarks were added to border crossing points in the Tables of transit distances of the railways of Ukraine;

- Alterations were made in tariff rates for the carriage of multi-purpose high-capacity containers that are larger than FEU containers;

- Alterations were entered in Section III "Additional charges and other charges" of Part V of the MTT Tariff:

  • In paragraph 5 "Charges relating to the customs control of transported goods";
  • In paragraph 8 "Charges relating to the delay of a wagon or a container on the transit railway".

These alterations made in the MTT Tariff will enter into force from the 25th of July 2016 and 15th August 2016, respectively.

The meeting participants considered the proposals made by KZH and Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation with regard to the extension of the scope of application of International railway transit tariff (MTT) for the transit transportation of goods implemented by means of different modes of transport from the stations of reconsignment not indicated in the Tables of transit distances, having stressed the relevance of the issue under discussion.

The purpose of those proposals is to provide the achievement of a sound and justified level of tariff burden for different logistics schemes for organising the transportation of goods by transit via territories of the States that are Parties to the Agreement on MTT.

In the course of discussion, it was suggested that a supplement should be made in paragraph 1 of Section I "Scope of Application of the Tariff' of Part I of the MTT Tariff in the wording that was drafted by the meeting participants.

It was also pointed out that it was necessary to make alterations as well in other contracts and agreements that are in effect within the framework of the OSJD in order to provide a justified calculation of carriage charges for transit transportation of goods. In the first instance, it is required to make alterations and supplements in the SMGS with regard to as follows:

- Determination of the definition of "Transit Carriage";

- An obligation to register the subsequent reconsignment of goods by another mode of transport in the SMGS consignment note.

In the course of discussion, it was also pointed out that it was necessary to additionally agree the issue in conjunction with customs and taxation authorities.

The meeting participants agreed to include into the draft Work Plan of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic for 2017 the activities to be carried out on further improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updating the MTT Tariff.

The head of delegation of the Lithuanian Railways (LG) informed that the regular meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the Agreement on MTT would be organised in the Republic of Lithuania in June 2017.

The meeting participants took note of the piece of information concerning the notification of the JSC "Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Company" with regard to the fact that tariff rates for additional charges calculated in accordance with the MTT and ETT Tariffs should within the KZH be established from the 1st of January to the 31st of December 2016.

The representative from LLC "CTM", an Affiliated Enterprise of the OSJD delivered to the meeting participants a piece of information concerning the creation of an interactive freight Web-portal of the OSJD, which is an electronic software system with reference information services and which makes it possible to search for data by means of any attribute, including the name of railway, code of station, freight operations handled at the stations with arrangement on the interactive map and with searching for and determination of possible railway routes between them as well as with required additional information; databases with a variety of search­ing and exporting tools that transform into different formats; regulatory documents of OSJD, first of all, SMGS Agreement with its Annexes in a structured form with a searching tool; ETT, MTT, PGW and other documents managed by the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic (the list can be extended).

The Web-link to the freight Web-portal is made available on the OSJD Web-site. The meeting participants gratefully noted the relevance and usefulness of work carried out by the "CTM" LLC on the creation of OSJD freight Web-portal, as well as the fact that software products developed by the "CTM" company are of practical interest to railway companies and of great demand for the purposes of using them constantly at work.

The meeting participants considered necessary to obtain and gathher up-to-date information on the subject of "Improvement of the Agreement on MTT and updating of the MTT Tariff' that would contain historic reference information concerning the management of the Agreement on MTT, papers on the main aspects of application of the given tariff, issues of Harmonisation of the MTT and ETT as well as the relevance of making alterations with regard to modern conditions of operation of railway transport and structural reforms taking place on the railways of the OSJD member states.

The meeting participants noted the high level of organisation of the meeting that was hosted by the JSC "Czech Railways" (CD Cargo) that managed to set to it a specific jubilee tone on the occasion of the 60th Anniversary of the Organisation for Cooperation between Railways.


 

Expert meeting on the subject "Signalling, interlocking and communications networks" in Paris

фото СЦБ Париж

According to the Plan of Work of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock for 2016 and by the invitation of Marc Antoni, UIC Director of the UIC Rail System Department, an expert meeting was held from 22 till 24 June 2016 in the UIC headquarters (France, Paris) during which the subject of "Signalling, interlocking and communications networks" was considered. It was attended by the representatives of OSJD railways from the following countries: Azerbaijan (AZD CJSC), Belarus (BC), Kazakhstan (KTZ NC JSC), Lithuania (LG), Poland (PKP), Russia (RZD JSC), OSJD affiliated enterprise - Association of Transport High Schools, as well as UIC and OSJD Committee.

The meeting agenda included the discussion of the progress of work in the development of a number of draft leaflets, as well as coordination of the draft Plan of Work of the experts for 2017 in the subject "Signalling, interlocking and com­munications networks".

The draft Leaflet R 818 "Operational and technical requirements for automated train movement control systems at stations (EI, MPEI, RPI)* taking into account the requirements for the interlocking, information compatibility, information display on monitors, building of internal and external interfaces, power supply devices, controlled and diagnosed parameters".

This Leaflet covers the train movement control systems, in particular the hardware and hardware-software complexes of relay, relay-processing and micro-processing control systems (interlocking of switches and signals) at railway stations developed and/or delivered for application in railway transport of the OSJD member countries.

After detailed consideration and discussion of the draft Leaflet, as well as the notes and proposals introduced in regard to it from BC, KZH and LG, the expert meeting agreed on edition I of the draft Leaflet R 818 as recommendatory and proposed to approve this Leaflet at the meeting of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock in October 2016.

This Leaflet was developed on the basis of actual OSJD Leaflets: R 803 "Recommendation as to the designing of signalling and interlocking station devices" (II edition as of 30.10.2003); R 844 "Operational and technical requirements for micro-processing and relay-processing systems of interlocking" (I edition as of 05.11.2004); R 859 "Basic application principles of intrasystem and external interfaces in micro-processing systems of railway automatic equipment and telemechanics" (I edition as of 26.10.2007); R 808 "Conventional symbols on display units for the signalling and interlocking computer systems" (II edition as of 23.10.2009) and R 845 "Recommendations in regard to the progressive maintenance technology for the electrical interlocking equipment" (II edition as of 09.11.2006) which were proposed to be cancelled in accordance with the established procedure. The draft Leaflet R 817 "Operational and technical requirements for train movement interval control systems at station-to-station runs (automatic and semiautomatic locking, radio locking, locomotive signaling) with the centralised and decentralised location of equipment and application of rail circuits, axle counters and other elements".

The experts came to a conclusion to shorten the title of this Leaflet which is as follows in the new edition: "Operational and technical requirements for train movement interval control systems at station-to-station runs (automatic and semi-automatic locking, radio locking, locomotive signaling).

This Leaflet covers all types of the devices of train movement interval control systems being in operation on the OSJD member railways. The main operational and technical requirements for the equipment outlined in the Leaflet shall be applied in case of upgrading the existing systems, as well as when developing new systems. The signalling and interlocking systems existing now are mentioned in the Leaflet, however in case of producing new ones the preference shall be given to relay-processing and micro-processing systems.

The expert meeting has coordinated and proposed for the approval the I-st edition of Leaflet R 817 of recommendatory nature, as well as proposed to cancel the following Leaflets: R 847/1 "Recommendations in regard to the progressive technology of interlocking equipment maintenance" (II-nd edition as of 10.11.2005) and P 847/2 of "Recommendations in regard to the progressive technology of semiautomatic inter­locking equipment maintenance" (II-nd edition as of 09.11.2006).

Draft Leaflet R 878 "Means of signalling, interlocking and communications at border stations. Requirements as for equipment, operation and maintenance".

Experts came to a conclusion to change the tittle of this Leaflet, having reworded it as follows: "Means of signalling, interlocking and communications at border stations and sections in between. Requirements as for equipment, operation and maintenance".

The Leaflet contains requirements as for the signalling, interlocking and communications networks being in operation at the border stations and sections in between on the railways of the OSJD member countries.

After a thorough consideration of proposals and remarks the I-st edition of the draft Leaflet was agreed and proposed for the approval as a recommendatory one.

Marc Antoni, UIC Director of the UIC Rail System Department, made a presentation on the "Use of rail chains on the SNCF networks", which caused considerable interest among the meeting participants as SNCF (OSJD observer) possesses considerable experience in the use of one of best practices in the field of rail chains. Meeting has also addressed the OSJD affiliated enterprise - Association of Transport High Schools to share experience in best practices in the field of the subject "Signalling, in interlocking and communications networks" at the next meeting.

On 23 June a technical visit was organised for the meeting participants to the "Training Center of Specialists for SNCF Infra in the field of control, administration, signalling and telecommunications subsystems (Centre Formation Infra SNCF Moulin Neuf) at Chambly station.


 

Rolling Stock Gauges in International Traffic in View of Interoperability

фото габариты

The expert meeting of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock on this subject took place at the OSJD Committee from 28 till 30 June 2016 with the participation of representatives from the following OSJD railways: State Enterprise "National Company "Railway Infrastructure" (NC "ZI", Republic of Bulgaria), CJSC "Hungarian State Railways" (CJSC "MAV"), JSC "Kazakhstan Temir Zoly" National Company" (KZH), State Enterprise "Railway of Moldova" (CFM), JSC "Polish State Railways" (PKP), JSC "Russian Railways" (RZD JSC), Railways of Slovak Republic (ZSR), PJSC "Ukrainian Railway" (UZ), as well as OSJD Committee.

The experts considered the following items of the agenda:

- final redaction of draft Leaflet R 500/2 "Methodological guidelines for the application of static and kinematic gauges of rolling stock";

- progress in practical application of Leaflet R 500/1 "Development of Album 1 in regard to the negotiability of gauges for the main railway routes";

- approval of the draft Work Plan on the subject "Rolling stock gauges in international rail traffic in view of interoperability" for 2017 and other.

The expert meeting considered and agreed upon the final edition of draft Leaflet R 502/2 "Methodological guidelines for the application of static and kinematic gauges of rolling stock" presented by the leading duty holder - RZD JSC, which contains guidelines as to the application of rolling stock gauges operating in international traffic on the railways of 1435-mm and 1520-mm rail systems.

The experts considered the remarks made by ZSR, having included them into the new edition of Leaflet R 500/2 and suggested that the draft final edition of the Leaflet should be submitted for the consideration and approval by the annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock (18-21 October 2016, OSJD Committee).

The meeting participants approved the materials on the practical application of Leaflet R 500/1 "Development of Album 1 in regard to the negotiability of gauges for the main railway routes" that was delivered by the leading duty holder -ZSR, and took a decision to consider the sum-merised information at the next regular meeting.

The meeting participants discussed the information provided by the MAV CJSC and agreed to include into the draft Work Plan of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock for 2017 the development of draft new Leaflet "Determination of clearing conditions for wagons manufactured according to the 1-BM rolling stock gauge on the tracks of 1435-mm gauge with the available perrons of over 300 mm high that do not meet the requirements of 1-CM minimum track-side gauges". The PKP JSC representatives put forward a proposal that was agreed upon by the meeting participants, stating that it was necessary to develop further draft leaflets which would take into account the clearing conditions for freight wagons of 0-ВМ and 1-ВМ gauges in order to enable their free passage through the infrastructure objects.

The meeting participants were informed that the materials would be made available on the OSJD Web-site http://osjd.org on the closed portal of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock, The section "Ready Documents" («Готовые документы»), entry by link "files", document search Identifier ID-1050. The experts carried out a practical training, during which new users were registered.


 

Transport Policy and Development Strategy of Railways at the turn

of the 60th Anniversary of OSJD

 фото транспортная

On the eve of the 60h anniversary of the Organization for Co-Operation between Railways, the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy carried out its work to form the railway transport policy by means of development and implementation of the compre­hensive measures aimed at the improvement of b transportation and development of the OSJD transport corridors, facilitation of border crossing for international railway passenger and freight traffic as well as higher competitiveness of railways to attract additional volumes of international transit traffic and increase the share of railway traffic in the transport market.

Development and implementation of the comprehensive measures on the improvement of traffic and development of OSJD railway transport corridors

Last year experts from OSJD member states worked to update the "Comprehensive plans on the improvement of transportation and development of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 9, 12 and 13 till 2020", which were approved at the annual meeting of the Commission.

Development of the plan of measures on the implementation of provisions of Memorandums for Cooperation in the field of technical, operational and commercial development of OSJD railway transport corridors No.1-13 was underway.

On 4 March 2015, the Russian Federation (city of Moscow) hosted the first meeting on the implementation of provisions of the Memorandum between the countries being members of OSJD railway transport corridor No. 1 At the meeting, special attention was paid to the matters related to the establishment of Coordination Body (hereinafter, CB). Consideration of advisability issue to establish such a body, its form, functions and financing mechanisms was underway during the OSJD/CCTT round table in Vienna on 10 November 2015 and in the course of the consultative meeting in Moscow on 15 March 2016.

Within the framework of the expert meeting (7-10 April, Republic of Moldova, Chisinau), a meeting took place between the countries that are members of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 12 and 13 on the implementation of Memoranda's provisions. At the meetings, special attention was also paid to the CB establishment. It was suggested that the Coordination Body should focus on the analysis of parameters of railway infrastructure for border crossing and preparation of a general plan for the development and improvement of infrastructure. Whereby, based on the analysis of main components of the "Comprehensive plan for the development of corridors", it is necessary to provide the balanced development of joint sections of corridors.

A two-stage approach to the process of CB establishment was proposed At the first stage, it is envisaged to establish, for each corridor, three expert commissions composed of the representatives from the railway companies of the countries, being members of the corridor, on passenger and freight traffic as well as infrastructure. Upon the completion of work of the expert groups that will study the conditions and prospects of passenger and freight flows as well as the needs for infrastructure improvement, proposals on the development of the said corridor will be drafted. Whenever possible, this work must be carried out with the participation of financial institutions concerned and other participants in the market. Upon agreement on the proposals, at the second stage, it is necessary to make the decision on advisability of the CB creation. This proposal was suggested for consideration with the purpose of possible use of the specified approach to all OSJD corridors.

For higher efficiency of OSJD corridors, the experts studied the new lines to be possibly connected to the OSJD railway transport corridors, in particular:

- upon proposal of the Republic of Moldova, the countries being members of OSJD corridor No. 12 and Ukraine have agreed to extend OSJD railway corridor No. 12 on territory of the Republic of Moldova from the Ocnita station to the Vălcineţ station and further on the territory of Ukraine to the Zhmerinka station provided that the existing carrying capacity on territory of Ukraine is preserved at this stage.

Respective alterations on OSJD corridor No. 12 were approved at the annual meeting of OSJD Commission on the transport policy and development strategy (6-9 October 2015, OSJD Committee).

Moreover, the countries that are members of corridors No. 2, 5, 8 and 10 have agreed with the proposal of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the connection of lines as follows:

- Iletsk - Kandyagash - Nikeltau - Tobol, as a branch of OSJD railway transport corridor No. 2;

- Zhetygen - Altynkol as a branch of OSJD railway transport corridor No. 5;

- Beineu - Uzen - Bolashak of OSJD corridor No. 8;

- Dostyk - Mointy - Zhezkazgan - Saksaulskaya - Beineu - Aktau-Port of OSJD corridor No. 10.

Therefore, it was decided to update the Comprehensive plans for the transportation improvement and development of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 2, 5, 8, 10 and 12 till 2020 as well as technical-operational certificates of these corridors with making respective alterations in the "'Memoranda on Cooperation in the field of technical, operational and commercial development of OSJD railway transport corridors" in regard to the specified corridors.

The Ukrainian party provided information that their initiative on the connection of the ports of Odessa, Iljichovsk (Ukraine) through the ter­ritory of Belarus with Klaipeda port Lithuania; was supported by the Belarus Railway and Lithuanian Railways JSC, in respect of which it put forward a proposal to extend the OSJD railway transport corridor No.9.

Last year the monitoring was carried out for technical-operational certificates of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 1-4. The updated technical-operational certificates of corridors No. 1-4 were approved at the annual meeting of OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy.

In execution of the decision of the OSJD Ministers Conference, the second joint seminar took place on 18-19 June 2015 in Brussels to consider interaction of OSJD railway transport corridors and EU Rail Freight Corridors. During the seminar in which representatives from OSJD Member States, EU rail freight corridors, OSJD Committee, DG MOVE and international organizations concerned participated, quite a number of agreements were reached on the continuation of cooperation between OSJD and DG MOVE regarding the development of OSJD corridors and EU rail freight corridors as well as exchange of experience for higher competitiveness of rail transport. In addition to it, a round table was held at the VIII International Inter-Agency meeting in Gdansk to consider the interaction of OSJD railway corridors and EU rail freight corridor No.8.

Development of measures aimed at facilitation of border crossing for international railway traffic in the Eurasian area

Consideration of the presented analytical data regarding to the border crossing points summarized by every railway administration basically reflect the execution of the established specifications of the technological process of handling freight and passenger trains at border crossing points in view of specifications of each point and specific features of conducting the customs and border control formalities and other types of state control during the movement of passengers and goods across border.

In the past year, measures continued to be taken on practical implementation of Annex 9 to International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods of 1982 (Annex 9).

Progress of implementation of Annex 9 was also considered at the VIII International Inter-Agency meeting of OSJD member states "Best practices in facilitating border crossing procedures by rail" that took place in Gdansk (Republic of Poland) on 22-23 September 2015, with the invitation of the representatives from ministries of transport, border-guard and customs authorities, railway administrations and other bodies concerned, as well as with the participation of international organisations.

The meeting participants agreed to exchange the best practices concerning facilitation of border crossing procedures in international rail traffic as well as to deepen cooperation with other international organisations in the given sphere and to promote implementation of the existing agreements, contracts, conventions and recommendations of the UN ECE, UN ESCAP, OSJD, OTIF and CIT in the field of facilitation of procedures for crossing borders by rail transport.

The meeting participants called to pay much more attention at the governmental level of all OSJD member states to the support of railway transport, in particular passenger traffic. To this end, Declaration was adopted to address the governmental bodies of OSJD member states.

It was noted that in international railway traffic, it is necessary to implement and apply more actively high technologies in the field of control (inspection-examination scanner systems) and promote the creation of uniform information space of transport systems of OSJD member states, including the customs and border control structures by means of incorporation of communication networks of telecommunications companies of these countries in order to allocate along the international transport corridors necessary information and telecommunications resources to speed up movements across borders and reduce and optimize the time for conducting inspection procedures.

At the meeting, the participants also considered issues of movement of passengers and goods across borders. In particular, it was noted that in some OSJD member states, the basic obstacle to the of cross-border piggyback traffic is the lack of provisions in national law regulating the movement of cross-border piggyback trains, including transit traffic, with infrastructure being not adapted.

On 27-28 April 2015, the meeting of Informal group of experts took place at OSJD Committee under the aegis of UNECE to draft the "Convention on facilitation of conditions for the carriage of passengers, luggage and luggage in international railway traffic", at which draft Convention was presented on the facilitation of conditions for the carriage of passengers, luggage and goods-luggage in international railway traffic. The Convention must be a frame convention without going into details but it must create conditions for full-fledged bilateral and multilateral cooperation.

Development of issues of OSJD railway transport policy

Work was going on concerning railway transport policy, the strategic task of which is the coordinated development of OSJD railway system and higher competitiveness of railways to attract additional volumes of international transit traffic.

Within the framework of the OSJD/ERA Contact Group on the interaction of 1520-mm and 1435-mm railway systems, the long-term OSJD/ERA Memorandum of Understanding for 2015-2019 was developed and approved.

In execution of the provisions of the Memorandum, the OSJD/ERA Contact group held four meetings at which the following themes were considered and the analysis of parameters for preservation of technical and operational compatibility in various fields of railway transport.

The results of the analysis conducted on technical parameters were used by ERA in the revision of EU TSI for the inclusion of parameters of 1520/1524-mm rail system, which were reflected in the current TSI of the EU.

To improve the existing technical and operational compatibility on the CIS - EU border, draft "Glossary of terms that are relevant for interoperability in CIS - EU cross-border traffic" was developed.

Statistics issues of railway transport

The meeting participants considered the combined information material "Basic statistical data on railway transport for 2014", based on the primary data presented by the countries.

The combined statistical data for 2014 were agreed and published in 2015 in the "Bulletin of OSJD Statistical Data on Railway Transport for 2014".

It was noted that in 2014 in comparison with 2013, the operational length of railway lines increased as a whole by 407 km and amounted to 281216 km, and the total length of electrified lines increased by 878 km and made 126298 km. In 2014, the volume of freight traffic decreased to the level of the year by 4.69% and made 5473 million tons, the turnover of goods decreased by 1.44% and mounted to 5276 billion ton-km. In

2014, 3915 million passengers were carried that is by 0.01% less than it was in 2013, the passenger turnover decreased by 0.45% and made 1192 billion passenger-km.

Creation of OSJD International Distributed Databank of Scientific, Technical and Economic Information regarding transport (OSJD ADB STEI) on the basis of modern information technologies

In 2015 the STEI centers of OSJD member states continued to carry out formation and development of national databases on scientific, technical and economic information, which make, in the aggregate, the International Distributed Databank - OSJD ADB.

As of 30 December 2014, according to STEI centers, the general information resource of the international distributed databank of scientific and technical information includes 2005539 documents. The annual augmenter of the international distributed databank for 2014 included 68539 documents. In the course of 2014:

- the total number of references to OSJD ADB was equal to 528167 (+18% as compared to 2013);

- the total number of documents released from OSJD ADB (the number of documents found in the DB by inquiries of users) in 2014 was 3908361 (+3% as compared to 2013). Thus, the analysis of use of OSJD ADB shows as a whole the growth of parameters of acquisition and use of national databanks.

Whereby, considering the growth of the parameter "Number of references made in the OSJD ADB", it is necessary to note an increase in information needs of railways experts and, accordingly, an intensification of work of STEI centers and higher value of information activities.

OSJD Member States showed their keen interest in making available information on STEI units on the Website.

Participants in the annual meeting of the Commission considered and approved the implementation of proposals submitted during the expert meeting on technical and software information issues of OSJD scientific, technical and economic information (16-18 September 2014), including as follows:

- Creation of references for the Websites of the railway companies on the generic page to simplify the access to information;

- Making available the trademarks of railway companies before the name of the STEI Center to simplify the identification and speed up the information search.

The meeting participants decided to update the information of STEI Centers in Russian and English.

The Commission meeting participants noted that there was a necessity for the revision of OSJD Leaflet O+R 905-4 because the website status of the STEI Centers of OSJD member states had been changed.

The electronic version of the 12th edition of the Address Directory is made available on the OSJD Website in the "Documents and develop­ments" section in the format that is accessible to upload and subsequently copy independently.


 

Meeting of representatives of railways and foreign trade organisations of Vietnam, Kazakhstan, China, DPRK, Mongolia and Russia on coordination of railway transportation volumes of export, import and transit goods for 2016 and actions to be taken to ensure those volumes

 

 совещание

During the period from 29 February till 4 March 2016 the city of Sochi (Russian Federation) hosted a meeting of the representatives of railways and foreign trade organisations of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, Chinese People's Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia and Russian Federation on coordination of railway transportation volumes of export, import and transit goods for 2016 and actions to be taken to ensure those volumes. The delegates of railways and the representatives of foreign trade organisations of the following countries have taken part in the meeting: Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, Chinese People's Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Russian Federation, as well as the OSJD Committee.

Welcoming the meeting participants, Alexey Chernayev, First Deputy Head of the North-Caucasus Railway noted the importance of the issues resolved within the framework of the meeting for further increase in goods transportation volumes by rail between the participating countries.

Chairman of the meeting and Specialist of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic congratulated all the participants on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Organization for Cooperation between Railways and informed about the main stages in the OSJD's history and the tasks being tackled by the Organisation at present.

The following issues were on the meeting's agenda:

- summing up of the performance of the foreign trade goods' transportation volumes for 2015;

- coordination of transportation volumes of export, import and transit goods for 2016 and distribution by quarters and types of goods by each border-crossing point;

- development of technical and organisational actions for the performance of agreed goods transportation volumes for 2016;

- coordination of date and venue of the next meeting to be held in 2017 and some other matters.

12 subgroups were set up to consider the meeting agenda items.

Delegations of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, Chinese People's Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia and Russian Federation have mutually informed each other about the performance of transportation volumes of the foreign trade goods in the traffic between the countries and agreed on the organisational and technical actions to ensure them.

The parties gave predictions and estimates regarding the agreed transportation volumes for the export, import and transit goods between various groups of countries.

The parties have reached concord in regard to the transportation volumes of export, import and transit goods for 2016 with their by quarters, border-crossing points and by the types of goods.

In order to identity the terminology of the goods' titles when coordinating the monthly transportation plans the parties have agreed on the nomenclature of export, import and transit goods and have gained concord that when signing contracts for the delivery of goods exceeding the transportation volumes coordinated for 2016, the possibility of implementing these transportation volumes will be considered and solved by the railways at coordination of monthly operating plans taking into account the capacity of border crossing points and border stations.

The parties have coordinated organisational and technical measures to be taken to ensure the agreed transportation volumes of export, import and transit goods for 2016.

A proposal of Kazakhstan's party to hold the next meeting on this subject in the Republic of Kazakhstan was accepted with gratitude by the meeting participants.

During the meeting the parties exchanged the addresses, remarks and proposals aimed at increasing the transportation volumes of goods in the international traffic and improving the work quality at the border transition points and commercial works for the implementation of the plan for the goods' transportation volumes which will further better the work of all participating railways and increase their efficiency.


 

Annual Meeting of OSJD Permanent Working Group on Coding and Information Technology (PWGCI)

The PWGCI annual meeting for 2015, held in Warsaw (Poland) on 17-19 November 2015, was attended by the representatives from OSJD Railways as follows: BC, MAV CJSC, LG JSC, PKP JSC, RZD JSC, ZSSK, ZSR, UZ and EVR; OSJD affiliated enterprise - Rail Cargo Hungaria CJSC, as well as OSJD Committee.

Secretary of OSJD Committee Kiss Attila addressed the meeting participants with a welcoming speech. He underlined the great significance of the PWGCI activities towards promotion of higher competitiveness and efficiency of railway transport.

The meeting participants were also addressed by the Chairman of OSJD Commission on Transport Law Mykola Nosenko who informed about the proposal of OSJD Commission on Transport Law to establish an ad hoc working group to develop electronic documents applied for services implemented under the SMGS. He stressed that the implementation of paperless technology for freight traffic (paperless document circulation) on UZ and other railways in 2011 had increased their efficiency and, as a consequence, their ability to compete with other modes of transport.

The meeting adopted the agenda as follows:

- Outputs by the Work Plan of the OSJD PWGCI for 2015 and coordination of the draft Report on the "Working Results of the OSJD PWGCI for 2015" on individual topics as follows:

  • Coding and information technology,
  • Paperless technology for international freight railway traffic,
  • Security of information resources and information and telecommunication infrastructure,
  • Information support for freight and passenger traffic - Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TAP TSI and TAF TSI),
  • OSJD Website;

- Consideration and coordination of draft decision for meeting XXXI of the Con­ference of General Directors (CGD), Work plan of OSJD PWGCI for 2016, draft Work Programme of OSJD PWGCI for 2017 and the years to come. The annual meeting of the PWGCI agreed as follows:

- to include the work on updating Leaflet O 920-6 "Standard numerical coding of additional charges, customs duties and other charges" in the Work Plan of the PWGCI for 2016;

- to consider whether it is appropriate to exclude Leaflet O 920-7 "Standard numerical coding for instructions concerning methods of payment" from the list of common OSJD/ UIC Leaflets by decision of the 70th meeting of the joint group on C&IT in may 2016;

- to discard Leaflet O 920-11 "Standard numerical coding of information concerning damage occurring abroad to the various parts of wagons" from the list of common OSJD/UIC Leaflets by decision of the 70th meeting of the joint OSJD/UIC group;

- to include in draft Work Plan of the PWGCI for 2016 the analysis on the use of coding of defects and damages to freight wagons in the new version of the PGW (comprehensive modifications and supplements);

- if necessary, to draft a new OSJD Leaflet numbered 945 and designated as O+R, based on the existing draft leaflet;

- to submit updated draft Leaflet O 920-13 "Standard coding and data structures of general information required for international freight traffic" for the approval by the XXXI meeting of the CGD;

- to discard Leaflet O 920-15 "Standard numerical coding of unit loads and transport packaging" by decision of the XXXI meeting of the CGD; - to exclude Leaflet O 920-15 from the list of joint OSJD/UIC leaflets by decision of the 70th meeting of the joint group on C&IT in May 2016;

- to submit updated OSJD Leaflet O+R 941 "Security of Common Information Resources and Information and Telecommunications Infrastructure" for approval by the CGD. To publish adopted Leaflets R 941-1 "Principles for organisation of information security at the interface of digital telecommunications networks" and R 941-2 "Organizational and legal measures to provide information security on railway transport".

Based on the decision taken by the PWGCI expert meeting (20-21 October 2015), a request for UIC to designate as a responsible person a specialist being on top of issues concerning the topic "Coding and information technology" was made in draft Programme for co-operation between OSJD and UIC for the years 2016-2020.

Under the topic of "Paperless technology for international freight railway traffic" and due to drafting of the document "Electronic SMGS Consignment Note", work continued on documents managed by experts engaged in as follows:

- analysis of the data structure of the consignment note in the current agreements on EDI to determine the readiness to go over to comprehensive modifications and supplements in the SMGS and Service Manual to SMGS from 01.07.2015;

- updating of the IFTM1N message (SMGS consignment note description) in view of the SMGS revision;

- updating of Leaflet R 942 "Technology of Information Support for Freight Traffic under SMGS by Electronic Data Exchange in UN/EDIFACT Format" (version III as of 20.10.2006).

The PWGCI annual meeting approved the work as to the development of IFTMIN and IFCSUM messages performed in time that makes it possible to put the new SMGS Agreement into operation by national information systems, and concorded draft OSJD Leaflets O+R 943 "Library of standard electronic messages for international freight railway traffic under SMGS in UN/EDIFACT format" and O+R 944 "List of classifiers and data item codes. Library of standard electronic messages for international freight railway traffic under the SMGS".

It was decided to include into the Work Plan-2016 of the PWGCI the activities towards adding necessary segments to the APERAK message (Leaflet O+R 943) and respective data elements (Leaflet O+R 944) for the implementation of format-logic control and interface with customs authorities in part of advance notification.

Basing on the concords between OSJD and CIT, mad during the PWGCI expert meetings (29-30 April 2015, 22-23 October 2015), there were two meetings of the joint "Technical group for updating the Technical specifications of the electronic CIM/SMGS consignment note".

Within the framework of collaboration with CCTT, the PWGCI expert meeting (29-30 April 2015) listened to the report delivered by the CCTT representative on "Improvement of information support for Eurasian freight railway traffic under the 'Electronic train' project on which an unindifferent discussion was held.

Electronic interchange of transport documents with ES/EDS

Within the framework of technical solution development at the interchange of transport documents with ES/EDS* in cross-border traffic between railways of OSJD member states, observers and affiliated enterprises, the PWGCI expert meeting (15-17 September 2015) took note of information from OSJD railways - BC, LG, RZD JSC and UZ - on the development of technical solutions at the interchange of transport documents with ES/EDS in cross-border traffic between railways of OSJD Member States, Observers and Affiliated Enterprises. Technology of Trusted Third Party (TTP)** is at the stage of practical use on BC, RZD JSC, LG and AED Rail Service LLC to provide ES/EDS legitimacy of electronic documents in international traffic. Technological mechanisms to provide ES/EDS legitimacy were implemented by bilateral principle mutually agreed between BC and UZ, RZD JSC and UZ.

Interface of TTP between BC and RZD JSC has been successfully implemented since December 2012. Thus far, updates were brought into effect as to hardware and software complexes of the parties, which provide an increase in interface universalism of paired TTP. Since the end of 2014, interface has been launched between TTPs of LG and RZD JSC, TTPs of LG and BC. Since May 2015, interface has been practically used between TTPs of LG and BC. Since September 2015 it has been applied between LG and RZD JSC for the transport of empty private wagons by means of electronic transport documents. Since October 2015, BC and LG have extended the application scope of electronic SMGS consignment notes signed by EDS of BC and LG for the carriage of empty containers not owned by the carrier in bilateral traffic.

Since November 2015, the BC and RZD JSC have transferred the traffic of empty private rolling stock to the use of electronic SMGS consignment notes signed by ES/EDS, which has been applied in the whole traffic between BC and RZD JSC, avoiding the use of hard copies of transport documents.

TTP interface issues have been tackled in the final stage between BC, RZD JSC and LLC "AED Rail Service" under the "Electronic container transportation" project of "TransContainer" Public Company on the route Poland -Belarus - Russia.

UZ representatives informed that organisation of empty private wagon traffic between UZ and CJSC "Rail Cargo Hungaria" under electronic transport documents with ES/EDS was to continue. The information system interface of the UZ with PKP Cargo and ZSSK Cargo remains at the attained level.

Development of various schemes for admission of electronic cross-border documents

It has been noted that work continued for the development of regulatory-technological and technical basis in order to introduce various schemes for admission of electronic cross-border legal documents of the Specifications Databank Portal by means of schemes of cross-border interface. Within this work, the RZD JSC representative demonstrated a finalised version of the Specifications Databank Portal by means of schemes of cross-border interface, in view of remarks and proposals received at the PWG CI expert meeting (Trnava, Slovakia, on 9-11 September 2014). The Portal is made available in the Internet (http://bos.pkitrans.ru/bos) and contains information on organisational-technical issues relating to the organisation of mutual admission of electronic signatures in the electronic legal documents for cross-border interface. It also contains implementation examples of cross-border interface schemes as well as technical specifications and tools for the development and testing of services for Trusted Third Parties of newly connected partakers.

The Specifications Databank Portal for cross-border interface is designed for aggregating the existing technological and software solutions and regulatory and administrative documents to use them for the development, testing and operation of the systems of mutual admission of electronic signature to provide the legal rel­evance of electronic cross-border document workflow between the administrations of OSJD railways when international freight railway traffic is organised.

Monitoring and analysis in the field of cross-border interface of infrastructures of public keys

The monitoring that is conducted in the European Union and countries of Asia and the Pacific region is of significant interest for the railways of the OSJD Member States. Under this work, the meeting agreed on the report "Development of recommendations on the creation and modification of technologies for electronic cross-border interface of legal relevance in view of modern international experience (including experience of the countries of Asia and the Pacific region) on the establishment of cross-border trust area" that is made available on the OSJD Website.

Information support for freight and pas­senger traffic. Technical Specifications for Interoperability

On 19 May 2015, the UIC HQ (Paris, France) hosted the joint OSJD/UIC seminar "Information support for freight and passenger traffic. Technical specifications for interoperability (TAP TSI and TAF TSI)". It was attended by 17 experts from 12 entities. The seminar participants heard 6 reports and conducted discussions with speakers on 20 issues.

When other business was discussed, the annual meeting of the PWGCI gave a task to create a "List of carriers working under SMGS conditions" instead of "Perecen kodov ZDK" (List of ZDK codes) containing information as follows: RICS code, carrier's abbreviated designation (abbreviation) and full name in Cyrillic. It will be operationally updated on the basis of Annex 5 to SMGS.

Proposals were discussed on the conversion of the existing document "Recommendations as to the work with SMGS transport documents" into OSJD Leaflet of "R" nature.

The annual meeting took a decision to archive the final documents of the PWGCI meetings without any time limitations.


 

New Edition of PGW Agreement on the Final Stage

On 24-26 November 2015, OSJD Committee hosted the scheduled meeting of representatives from the railways being parties to the Agreement on the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in international traffic (PGW Agreement). Repre­sentatives from 19 railways attended the meeting; out of all the parties to the PGW Agreement, the Railways of the Islamic Republic of Iran only were not represented.

фото Цаунитис

The meeting's conclusion was that its participants overwhelmingly agreed on the new version of the PGW Agreement with all its annexes, including the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in international traffic (PGW). The purposeful work was as good as completed. It has been carried out for the last six years, with its objective being to bring the content of the Agreement into proximity with the situation developed today as a result of structural reforms in the field of rail transport in the OSJD Member States.

Historical background

The Agreement on the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in international traffic is currently one of the nine independent agreements concluded within the framework of OSJD.

For a long time - from 1 November 1951 until the end of 1991 - the Rules for the Use of Wagons had been part of the Agreement on International Goods Transport by Rail (SMGS).

From 1 January 1992 until 31 December 2008, the Agreement on the Use of Wagons and Coaches (PPW) was in force, both for passenger coaches and freight wagons.

Based on it, two independent agreements were established by means of technical severing, which came into force on 1 January 2009:

  • Agreement on the Rules for the Use of Passenger Coaches in international traffic (PPW Agreement) and
  • Agreement on the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in international traffic (PGW Agreement).

For the last two decades, serious structural reforms have been taken place in many OSJD Member States: new partakes have appeared in the market, including rail transport. The reforms also required similar serious modifications in the regulatory and legal framework governing international freight traffic.

Above all, there was an urgent necessity to envisage the possibility of participation of several partakers from one country in the agreements concluded within the framework of OSJD.

For the first time amongst the OSJD freight wagon users, the definition of "multiple parties to the Agreement" was officially voiced and respective wording was put down in the minutes of the meeting attended by representatives from the Parties to the Agreement, which took place in Riga in June 2008. It was also there where it was decided to hold a meeting of the editing group to check out the text of the current Agreement and Rules.

The Editing group met at OSJD Committee on 9-10 February 2009 and came to the conclusion that it was necessary to conduct a full-scale revision of the Rules, and to this end an Ad hoc working group was to be established.

Parties to the Agreement supported the Editing group's proposal at the meeting that took place on 11-13 February 2009, and by decision of the Conference of General Directors (Authorized Representatives) of OSJD Railways in April 2009, Ad hoc Working Group (AWG) on the revision of PGW was established with due commission of its work in 2010.

The first meeting the AWG on the revision of PGW was held at OSJD Committee on 10-12 February 2010. In the same year the AWG came to the conclusion that a thorough preparation of materials was required to increase performance efficiency, to this end a Joint Working Group (JWG) was created being composed of leading specialists on the issues related to the use of freight wagons, from three Railways, namely Holding BDZ, LDZ and RZD JSC. Afterwards, PKP JSC joined the JWG.

It was the JWG meetings that drafted modifications being afterwards the subject of discussions for the AWG, and on which the new version of the Rules and subse­quently the Agreement were based.

Within six years, 33 meetings were held: 18 JWG meetings and 15 AWG meetings that were attended in total by 142 experts from 15 countries.

Despite disagreements, sharply contrary opinions now and then, owning to competence of the railway experts, their constructive approach and their being ready for discussions and compromises, the desired result was achieved.

In the course of work on the Rules, the necessity was becoming more apparent to update the Agreement itself as well, and the Ad hoc Working Group did it. The work results of the AWG were annually considered and approved at the meetings of representatives from the parties to the Agreements.

Differences between new and current versions of the Agreement

The main point, in essence, is that despite the significant structural and textual modification, the new version of the Agreement has preserved the subject matter and principles for interrelations laid down in it initially.

In principle, the system of interrelations between the Parties to the Agreement has not changed in terms of its fulfillment, liabilities of the Parties to the Agreement etc.

The main novelties are as follows:

  1. The name of the document was changed: now it is not "The Agreement on the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons" but "The Agreement on the Use of Freight Wagons...".
  2. To put in order the terminology applied both in the Agreement and the Rules, chapters were made containing definitions and their clarification.

Thus, the definition of "railway" traditionally meant legal body i.e. railway undertaking or organisation as an economic aggregate of railway transport or as an administrative agency. This meaning is applied in many cases today as well. However, due to the said circumstances, this definition in the new version of the Agreement means railway infrastructure located in the territory of one concrete OSJD Member State. Due to the same circumstances, new definitions came into being, such as "railway undertaking", "wagon keeper" etc. Relations between railway undertakings (carriers) and wagon keepers are distinctly differentiated.

  1. The structure of the Agreement was changed, with four new annexes being added.
  2. The range of potential parties to the Agreement changed: railway undertakings, freight carriers and wagon keepers may be and may become parties to the Agreement, moreover, with no limit to their number from one OSJD Member State. The procedure for accession to the Agreement became more democratic: it is sufficient to submit to OSJD Committee an accession application with attached documents verifying the right to do respective business in their country and statistics on freight turnover in international traffic - for carriers and the number of freight wagons -for their keepers.
  3. The general principle has been preserved and it is effective now: the equal number of votes for all the OSJD Member States the railway undertakings and wagon keepers of which are represented in the Agreement. However, due to possible participation of several railway undertakings from one OSJD Member State, which fall under the definition of "carrier" or "wagon keeper", the approach to voting procedure was drastically changed. Such a notion appeared as "a share of the vote" with which every party to the Agreement is vested, depending on its "share" in freight turnover for carriers and in keeping freight wagons for wagon keepers, being parties to the Agreement from its country. In this regard, it is assumed that a different procedure for specifying shares of the vote may be established or adopted in any OSJD Member state (for instance, by administrative decision, agreement, industry association's decision etc.). The procedure for specifying shares of the vote is described in a separate annex to the Agreement.
  4. In view of possible multiple parties to the Agreement from one OSJD Member State, the procedure for and way of conducting meetings and adopting decisions were itemized, detailed and summarized in a separate annex to the Agreement.

The Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons (PGW) were considerably modified as well. They are oriented to put in order relations between wagon keepers and railway undertakings as well as between railway undertakings and wagon keepers, and they are summoned to bring the regulating provisions into proximity with the existing practice for higher effectiveness.

The main differences from the current Rules:

1) Like the new version of SMGS, the Rules do not apply the definition of "private wagon". The Rules stipulate equal requirements for all the wagons regardless of who owns them;

2) The customary term "wagon of inventory fleet" was replaced with the term "wagon of common use". It is a wagon which is owned by a railway undertaking and used by railway undertakings which are parties to the Agreement on special, agreed by them conditions in order to simplify procedures for agreeing the issues on the use of wagons after unloading at the consignee's and to increase the efficiency of use of the wagon fleet;

3) An equal approach was established to determination of a charge for the use of a wagon and determine the rates for maintenance work regardless of the geographical position of the State of registry of the Party to the Agreement;

4) Provisions were systematized as to parties' liability and a procedure was envisaged for settling disputes between the parties to the Agreement by means of laying claims and bringing suits;

5) The total number of annexes to PGW was reduced, with images of loading gauges of wagons abolished because this issue is beyond the competence of the parties to the Agreement;

6) Moreover, it should be noted that there is a new approach to the procedure for information exchange between the parties to the Agreement.

The current version of the Rules stipulates prescriptions and technical standards concerning the railway infrastructure of some countries, such as permissible wagon axle load on rails, loading gauges, abbreviated names of railways etc. These standards are of technical or informative nature and do not fall into the system and level of standards of an economic agreement. The current procedure for their adop­tion and modification may not be considered as justified, since according to the procedure provided for in the Agreement, all the issues of alteration and modification of the Rules shall be tackled by voting of the parties to the Agree­ment. It means that the technical or informative provisions which entirely fall into regulation of sovereign States shall be put to vote. This disadvantage has been avoided in the new version of the Agreement.

To exclude gaps in information exchange between the parties, the new version of the Agreement envisages annexes having informative status. Providing reliability and relevance of the provisions is a task vested in the parties to the Agreement as well as in OSJD Committee as the Agreement depository. Proposals on modification or addition of information reflected in these annexes must be submitted by the Parties to the Agreement on a regular basis to the OSJD Committee that shall, in its turn, make available the updated version of the respective annex on the OSJD Website;

7) The new version of the Rules reflects also changes that occurred in technologies of the transportation process.

Whereby, summarizing the six-year work on the new version of the Agreement on PGW and the PGW Rules, it can be said with confidence that railway undertakings and wagon keepers will receive a new improved legal instrument for higher competitiveness under conditions of globalization of economy and liberalization of railway transport.

The parties to the PGW Agreement, at their November meeting in 2015, considered work of the Ad hoc Working Group on the revision of PGW as completed, and they approved the procedure for the Agreement's entry into force. The proposed date is 1 January 2017. The final decision will be adopted by the parties to the Agreement at the XXXI Conference of General Directors (Authorized Representatives) of OSJD Railways in Kyrgyz Republic in April 2016.


 

Common approaches to vocational training of staff/personnel in the field of freight railway traffic

(information report)

фото стандарты 2 

The first meeting of the Ad Hoc Working Group on drafting recommendations as to common approaches to vocational training of staff/personnel in the field of freight railway traffic took place at OSJD Committee on 3-4 November 2015 with the participation of the representatives from Hungary, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, OSJD Affiliated Enterprises: “PLASKE” JSC, “TransContainer” JSC, Association of transport-related institutions for higher education and OSJD Committee as well.

 In the course of the meeting, the following matters were considered:

-   Mr. Artem Khachaturian, General Director of “PLASKE” JSC (OSJD affiliated enterprise) was elected as Chairman of the Ad Hoc Working Group, and Mr. Yevgeny Zarechkin representing  the Association of Transport High Schools (OSJD Affiliated Enterprise) was elected Deputy Chairman;

-   at the moment the following railways made their wishes to participate in the work of the Ad Hoc Working Group: “MAV” CJSC (Hungary), “Georgian Railway” JSC (Georgia), NC “KTZ” JSC (Kazakhstan), “Railway of Moldova” State Enterprise (Moldova), “RZD” JSC (Russia), State Railway JSC “Uzbek Railways” (Uzbekistan), UZ (Ukraine), Eurosib CJSC SP-TS (Russia), “RAIDO” LLC (Ukraine), “TransContainer” JSC (Russia), “Association of Transport High Schools”, “PLASKE” JSC (Ukraine). The list of participants is open foe adhesions by the parties concerned;

-   a decision was made to study the experience and mechanism as to organisation of vocational training in international organisations;

-   tasks and objectives were defined together with the Rules of Procedure for work of the Ad Hoc Working Group;

- draft Work Plan for 2016 was discussed.

 The meeting participants underlined the relevance of and the need for using the existing experience in practical implementation of such training within the international organisations in the transport-logistics field (ICAO, FIATA, IRU, IATA, EU, UIC, IMO) in view of the OSJD’s specific character for drafting recommendations as to common approaches to vocational training staff/personnel in the field of freight railway traffic. Carrying out this work will provide an increase in the skilled level of participants in the market of freight railway traffic and higher competitiveness and attractiveness of the railway transport in general.

 In the course of discussions, the meeting participants ear-marked the advisability of a uniform approach to terminology in the field of vocational training, to the definition of staff/personnel categories falling under the scope of activities of the Ad Hoc Group, to the content, methodology, forms and methods of the vocational training (education) and to the elaboration of criteria for knowledge/competence assessment and certification.

The main objectives of the Ad Hoc Group on drafting recommendations as to common approaches to vocational training of staff/personnel in the field of freight railway traffic were defined as follows:

- to analyze and combine the experience of international organisations and OSJD member countries;

- to elaborate common approaches in the field of vocational training of staff/personnel;

- to develop proposals on the implementation of the abovementioned approaches, including the example of the pilot project for practical training of application and usage of SMGS edition as of 1 July 2015;

- to submit recommendations in the final edition to the OSJD Ministers Conference for approval.

The attendees made a proposal on the need to develop a special procedure for participation in and termination of the Ad Hoc Working Group activities, as well as to determine the quorum (individual Rules of Procedure based on Leaflet A6) in view of the Ad Hoc Working Group’s concern to attract as many participants as possible.


 

 

14th UIC Terminology Group Meeting

(press-release)

 фото Париж 1

The 14th UIC Terminology Group Meeting was held from 22 till 23 October 2015 in the UIC Headquarters in Paris under the chairpersonship of Rosalinde Taucher – Terminologist, UIC Secretariat.

The meeting was attended by the representatives of railways and railway agencies and institutions of: Germany (DB AG), Norway (JBV), Poland (PKP PLK), Repulic Srpska (Republika Srpska) (ZRS), Finnland (FTA), Czech Republic (SZDC), Switzerland (SBB), Sweden (STA), Japan (RTRI), as well as European Commission, UIC Secretariat and OSJD Committee.

In the beginning of the meeting Mr. Marc Antoni, Director of UIC Rail System Department, presented the main directions of UIC activities starting from its foundation in 1921 at the Intergovernmental Conference in Italy and finishing up with the activities at present. Special attention was paid by him to the development of International Railway Standards (IRS), underlying an important role of cooperation with OSJD in this field. In this context, he stressed, the unification of railway terminology is of great importance, which facilitates more precise, detailed and fast development and translation of joint documents in various languages.

The purposes which faced and are facing the railways nowadays and, respectively, are laid down for the development of standards, include first of all safety, then punctuality and availability, and only then marketing and profitability. Unfortunately, he noted, nowadays the accents are put often in other sequence that leads to a decrease in safety level, and finally, affects the attractiveness of railway transport in general.

In the following presentation Timothy Cooper, Senior English Terminologist, English Department, General Directorate for Translation (DG Translation) of the European Commission told about the procedures of translation work organisation in the European Commissions, having noted that harmonisation of terminology is in the center of attention of 4 EC General Directorates for Translation (as a whole about 1650 translators are employed by the European Commission who are based in Luxembourg and Brussels). In each translation department there are at least 2 terminologists who are responsible for the development and improvement of terminological resources – both electronic, and paper. In total there are 24 languages and, respectively, departments (English plus 23).

He also pointed out the problem of the variety of languages and their options that causes difficulties in spelling. Sometimes such words like professionalisms and neologisms are used which do not exist in dictionaries, and sometimes in view of considerable mistakes in spelling maid by the experts in the documents, it is impossible to define the word meaning precisely.

The meeting chairperson Rosalinde Taucher demonstrated the access procedure and possibilities of the UIC Extranet system

Sergey Kabenkov, Editor-in-Chief of the OSJD Bulletin informed participants about the organisation of editorial and translation work in the OSJD Committee on in various languages for the publication of the journal and other documentation and for posting information on the OSJD website in three languages.

Representative of the Finnish Transport Agency (FTA) Juha-Heikki Pasanen Yukha-Heikki Pasanen made a presentation of the Illustrated Turnout Glossary and showed a trial paper version which was amended and complimented during the meeting and workshop. He also discussed some terminological features and extractions on the subject “Rail Defects” in UIC Leaflet 712 and OSJD Leaflet O+R 736.

Representative of the Swedish Transport Agency (STA) Maria Gustafsson pointed put some useful tips for translating ERTMS glossary.

The workshop, which was included into the programme of the second day of the meeting was aimed at practical work with a new version of the terminology web-based input tool UIC TermEdit (webclient).

Opening the workshop, the meeting chairperson informed participants on the main changes in the interface and functions of the UIC web-based input tool, having noted that the new version is faster and more convenient for users. When inserting changes by one of the users others can see them immediately in the system. Still there were some difficulties connected with changing the interface languages (long time).

The search engine for terms was added a new function allowing to look for a word or a term by using the first several letters. In the process of letters input the whole line of the words with the entered initial letters appears, i.e. there is no need to print the whole word or term that considerably saves time during the search.

During the workshop the following issues were practiced:

- how to log in (login and password),

- database functions:

  1. display of four languages, language changing function,
  2. display and editing mode,
  3. show quick info and help function,
  4. different screens: from available to specific fields,
  5. how to search for terms,
  6. normal search vs. full text search,
  7. how to display existing terms and their additional information: synonyms, definitions, usage, note field etc.,
  8. advanced search,
  9. how to find missing translations,
  10. how to modify existing terms,
  11. how to add equivalents/translations,
  12. how to export glossaries in Excel or PDF format,
  13. How to print a glossary with missing translations,

Concluding the meeting results, the delegates pointed out that participation in the work of the Terminology Group for the development of electronic dictionaries and standardisation of railway terminology is very important for the improvement of quality of documents and printed matters published in several languages. Terminology makes up a basis in the work of translators, editors and proofreaders of multilingual editions and websites of various companies and organisations therefore regular purposeful work on its unification and improvement is a basis for strengthening of the positions of railways both in information space, and in the international transport market as a whole.


 

 

Work Results of OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic

 грузовое годовое

The work results of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic were discussed at the Commission meeting that took place at OSJD Committee on 13-16 October 2015, which was attended by representatives from railways of the OSJD member countries as follows: Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, China, DPRK, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Estonia; OSJD Observer- “German Railway” JSC; OSJD Affiliated Enterprises: Rail Cargo Hungaria CJSC, KORAIL, Freightliner Group LLC, CTM LLC, TransContainer JSC, PLASKE JSC and OLTIS Group JSC as well as UIC and OSJD Committee.

The agenda of the meeting included consideration of the Commission work results in 2015 on the following subjects:

  • Improvement of the Agreement on Uniform Transit Tariff (ETT) and ETT Tariff;
  • Improvement of the Agreement on International Transit Tariff (MTT) and MTT Tariff;
  • Improvement of the Agreement on PGW, modifications and amendments to the Rules for the Use of Freight Wagons in International Traffic (PGW), activities aimed at PGW revision;
  • Improvement and updating of Harmonised Commodity Code (GNG);
  • Creation of the List of freight stations of the OSJD railways;
  • Organisation of large-tonnage container traffic between Europe and Asia;
  • Activities aimed at organising freight traffic under the Unified CIM/SMGS consignment note;
  • Activities carried out for implementation of the joint UNESCAP/OSJD projects;
  • Coordination of timetables for freight trains of OSJD railways in international traffic;
  • Coordination of the freight transportation volumes in international traffic by the OSJD railways concerned;
  • Issues relating to competitiveness and marketing.

The meeting participants heard the presentation made by the PLASKE JSC, an OSJD Affiliated Enterprise, on the subject of “Common Approaches to Vocational Staff Training in the field of freight railway traffic”, within the framework of which the objectives and mandate were specified for the established ad hoc working group, the first meeting of which was scheduled to take place at OSJD Committee (Warsaw) on 3-4 November 2015, and they expressed once again their interest in its work on training highly professional staff in the field of international railway freight traffic.

The meeting participants heard information on work carried out by the Parties to the Agreement on Unified Transit Tariff (ETT) as to improvement of the ETT Agreement and update of ETT Tariff, in particular the meeting of representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement (OSJD Committee, Warsaw, 5-8 May 2015) considered comments and proposals made by the Parties to the ETT Agreement with regard to improvement of the Agreement and update of the ETT Tariff, including those relating to entry into force, with effect from 1 July 2015, of the comprehensive modifications and supplements in the SMGS, as well as modifications and supplements were agreed for the Agreement and ETT Tariff.

In the course of the above-mentioned meeting, the procedure for calculation of carriage charges was agreed for a new type of goods “Railway wagons in the capacity of a transport means for transiting staff (trainmen) accompanying the goods” (GNG Code 99200000), and a respective modification was made in the GNG text, with regard to application of the ETT provisions for the carriage of goods in a container and empty container, and for the carriage of goods in wagons belonging to the carrier.

OSJD Committee, as the depositary of the Agreement, declared the agreed modifications and supplements in the Agreement and ETT Tariff with effect from 1 October 2015. Besides, supplements to the ETT Tariff came into force on 5 October 2015, with regard to transit distance tables of the Chinese Railways (KZD).

The updated texts of the Agreement as of 1 October 2015 and ETT Tariff as of 5 October 2015 were made available on the OSJD Web-site.

In accordance with the provisions of the Agreement, OSJD Committee, as the depositary of the Agreement, will prepare the updated texts of the Agreement and ETT Tariff as of 1 January 2016 in order to transmit them to the parties of the Agreement, OSJD Observers and Affiliated Enterprises concerned.

Within the scope of activities carried out by the Parties to the Agreement on International Railway Transit Tariff (MTT) with regard to improvement of the MTT Agreement and update of MTT Tariff, the XXVI Meeting of representatives of the Parties to the MTT Agreement took place in the city of Jurmala (Latvian Republic) on 30 June - 3 July 2015 (see more detailed information in the OSJD Bulletin
4-5/2015, pages 30-31).

The subject of “Improvement of the Agreement on the Use of freight Wagons in International Traffic (PGW) and modifications and supplements to the Rules for the use of freight wagons in international traffic (PGW)” were considered by the parties to the PGW Agreement at the meetings of representatives of the Parties to the Agreement and ad hoc working group meetings on the PGW revision.

Following the results of the above-mentioned meetings, the annexes to the current PGW were updated as follows: Annex 7 “The list of addresses and telephone/fax numbers by means of which spare parts for freight wagons to be repaired may be required or returned” and Annex 7a “The List of addresses and telephone/fax/telex numbers of headquarters of railways, headquarters of wagon economy and headquarters of central settlement centres”.

The meeting of the Parties to the Agreement (16-19 June 2015, OSJD Committee, Warsaw) considered and provisionally agreed draft new edition of the PGW Agreement and PGW rules (comprehensive modifications and supplements), drafted by the ad hoc working group on the PGW revision.

For November 2015, a meeting of representatives of the Parties to the Agreement is scheduled to take place, with the agenda including the matter on agreeing the comprehensive modifications and supplements to the PGW Agreement.

Following the results of ad hoc working group meetings on the PGW revision:

  • drafting comprehensive modifications and supplements to the PGW was completed in accordance with the agreed structure of the PGW and in view of new terminology;
  • work was finalized on the revision of annexes to the PGW and annex numbering, and a new single visual format of annexes was developed, which include graphic images;
  • comprehensive modifications and supplements to the PGW Agreement were drafted, which include new annexes to the Agreement as follows:

- Annex B “Rules of procedure for meetings”;

- Annex G “Methods for defining the shares of the vote of Parties”;

- Annex D “Voting on the PGW chapters”;

- Annex E “Application for acceding to the PGW Agreement”;

  • the following documents were developed:

- the procedure for entry into force of comprehensive modifications and supplements to the PGW Agreement;

- draft Procedure for the preparatory period of entry into force comprehensive modifications and supplements to the PGW Rules.

Taking into account the relevance of the ad hoc working group’s work on the PGW revision, the meeting participants being Parties to the Agreement proposed including the issue of “Report on the ad hoc working group’s work on the PGW revision” in the agenda of the XXXI Conference of General Directors as an individual agenda item.

Next subject of “Improvement and update of the GNG” was considered at the meeting of representatives of the Commission (24-27 March 2015, the city of Sochi, Russian Federation) with participation of representatives from CTM LLC, an OSJD Affiliated Enterprise, CCTT and President of the UIC Steering Committee on NHM/DIUM.

The meeting discussed comments and proposals made by the OSJD Railways applying the GNG with regard to improvement and update of the GNG so that it should be harmonised with the NHM version of 2015.

Modifications and supplements to the GNG, agreed at the meeting, drafted by the leading design engineers of the GNG at the OSJD i.e. Russian Railways JSC (RZD JSC), in view of comments and proposals made by the OSJD Railways applying the GNG, were adopted by the XXX Conference of General Directors with effect from 1 June 2015.

OSJD Committee, as the depositary of the GNG, declared entry into force of modifications and supplements to the GNG with effect from 1 June 2015. The working body of the Commission issued the updated text of the GNG as of 1 June 2015, the model of which was prepared by the leading design engineer. The certified copy of the updated text of the GNG was transmitted to all the railways and OSJD Observers and Affiliated Enterprises concerned. The GNG text as of 1 June 2015 is made available on the OSJD Web-site.

OSJD Committee, as the depositary of the GNG, transmitted the modifications to the GNG with effect from 1 October 2015 and modifications and supplements to the ETT Tariff with effect from 1 October 2015.

The updated text of the GNG as of 1 October 2015 is made available on the OSJD Web-site.

Within the framework of co-operation between OSJD and UIC, representatives from the OSJD railways, namely LG, RZD JSC, CFR Marfa, CD Cargo and OSJD Committee took participation in the annual meeting of the UIC Steering Committee on NHM/DIUM (4-5 March 2015, Paris, France), at which modifications and supplements to the NHM were adopted with effect from 1 May 2015.

The subject of “Creation of the List of freight stations of the OSJD railways” was discussed at the Commission meeting (24-27 March 2015, Sochi, Russian Federation) with participation of experts from the OSJD Permanent Working Group on coding and informatics (PWG CI).

The meeting participants noted that updated data and information to add to the List of freight stations of the OSJD railways (hereafter, the List) in accordance with the provisions of  Leaflet O 405 “Regulations on creation and support of the List of freight stations of the OSJD railways” (II edition) were submitted by representatives from  railways of Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Hungary (MAV CJSC, GySEV CJSC, Rail Cargo Hungaria CJSC), Vietnam, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia (UDZD JSC), Poland (PKP CARGO), Russia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Estonia.

The updated versions of the List and Leaflet O 405 are made available on the OSJD Web-site in PDF format.

The subject of “Organisation of large-tonnage container traffic between Europe and Asia” was discussed at the expert meeting of the Commission (30 June - 3 July 2015, OSJD Committee, Warsaw).

At present, 142 container and piggyback trains are organised and run on the OSJD railways on a permanent basis, and 287 trains depart when ready. The updated information on the container trains and combined transportation on the OSJD railways, as of 16 October 2015, prepared in conjunction with the working body of the Commission by the leading performer of the subtopic, JSC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Enterprise, is made available on the OSJD Web-site and published in the OSJD Bulletin.

The representative from the PLASKE JSC, an OSJD Affiliated Enterprise, informed the Commission’s Annual meeting participants on the initiative made by the railways of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine on delivery organisation of large-tonnage containers in China - Europe – China traffic on the route via the Caspian and Black Seas with the use of through railway-ferry service and integration of container trains on the very route.

The leading performer, UZ, completed its work on forming the database of volumes of large-tonnage container traffic on OSJD railways for 2014, based on the data submitted by railways and on the comparative analysis of the data for 2013.

The analysis showed that, in 2014, the OSJD railways received 2157.9 thousand TEU and handed over 2309.5 thousand TEU, which was less by 8.1% and 3.6% less respectively as compared with the data for 2013 (KZD data not included).

The meeting approved modifications and supplements to OSJD Leaflet R 421 “Rules for the use of general-purpose large-containers for international railway services”, drafted by experts of the Commission, with effect from 16 October 2015.

The subject of “Activities aimed at organising freight traffic under the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note” was considered at the expert meeting of the Commission (30 June - 3 July 2015, OSJD Committee, Warsaw).

The Commission’s experts drafted and adopted the agreed form of the table to submit statistics data on the volumes of freight traffic under the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note (for 2015 as compared with the data for 2014).

The Chairperson of the Commission’s Annual meeting noted that, in the course of 2015, the railways carried out their work on organisation of freight traffic under CIM/SMGS consignment note.

The railways’ information on organisation of freight traffic under CIM/SMGS consignment note, including consignments by container trains, for 5 and 8 months 2015, was provided in draft report on “The work results of OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic for 2015”.

At the present time, work is carried out on the joint UNESCAP-OSJD projects by the OSJD Railways concerned and KZH, leading performer, in co-operation with the CCTT:

- “Planning and Implementation of Demonstration Runs of Container Block-Trains along the Trans-Asian Railway Northern Corridor (Project 1);

- “Operationalisation of Euro-Asian rail routes with particular reference to

landlocked countries in Asia and Caucasus” (Project 2).

Under Project 1: container traffic was organised on all the scheduled routes of the TAR NC, excluding traffic from Port of Busan (Republic of Korea) to Europe.

According to Ulan-Bator Railway JSC (UBZD JSC), 11 transit container trains operated in Asia-Europe-Asia traffic as of April 2015, including:

from China to Germany on the Zhengzhou - Erlian - Zamyn-Uud - Suhe-Bator - Naushki - Brest - Hamburg route (9 trains);

from Germany to China on the Hamburg - Brest - Naushki - Ulan-Bator - Zamyn-Uud - Erlian - Zhengzhou (2 trains).

Under Project 2: For 2014 and 9 months of 2015, 2945 container trains (in 2014, 1814 trains; in 2015, 1131 trains) were organised and passed on the territory of Kazakhstan in Europe - Asia - Europe traffic. Besides, the pilot run of a container train was implemented on the China - Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan route with participation of railway and maritime transport in the international through railway-ferry traffic.

According to JSC Kazakhstan Temir Zholy National Enterprise, it is planned to implement the run of container trains on the routes of China - Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan and China - Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan - Georgia -Turkey with railway and maritime transport involved.

In view of the growing interest in mutual trade between the countries of Southeast and Central Asia, Caucasus and Europe, to attract additional volumes of goods to railway transport and provide seamless transportation, the meeting participants considered it advisable to continue co-operation with the UN ESCAP on operationalisation of railway traffic between the said regions.

Due to certain difficulties in implementation of the above-mentioned projects, it was proposed to continue co-operation under the global projects of the UN ESCAP “Development of seamless intermodal transport services in Northeast and Central Asia with railways involved in order to extend Euro-Asian transport links” and “Facilitation of cross-border transportation in international railway traffic”.

The Commission’s annual meeting participants noted the importance of activities carried out by the OSJD member countries on the joint UNESCAP-OSJD projects, using the UIC’s international platform, in conjunction with the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy in co-operation with the UIC and CCTT, and interest in further co-operation with the UN ESCAP on other projects was shown.

On 2 - 5 February 2015, in Town Hodonín (Czech Republic) the Commission meeting was held on development of and agreement on the freight train timetables according to border crossing points in the period of 2015/2016 for the European railways and OSJD railways of Group I.

The meeting participants noted that the border points  of railways in Belarus (BC), Lithuania (LG), Moldova (CFM), Russia (RZD JSC) and Ukraine (UZ) have often organisational and technological problems (including that of replacement of 1435/1520 mm bogies) relating to the run of trains, and they expressed their opinion that it was important for the representatives of those railways to participate in the meeting on the consideration of issues concerning the seamless movement to be ensured for the transit freight trains at border points, and on the development of international freight trains in transcontinental Asia - Europe - Asia traffic.

The BC representative said that the BC considered it unreasonable to participate in the Conference on development of train movement schedules, because:

-   BC and PKP PLK JSC annually hold a meeting of the Belarus-Polish border railway commission  on preparation of and agreement on train movement schedules according to border points for the next year between the PKP PLK JSC and BC, at which the sizes and schedules of movement through the border points are defined, operational issues are tackled, prospects of co-operation and directions for improvement of operation are discussed – last meeting of the commission took place in the Republic of Belarus (Baranovichi) on 8-11 September 2015;

-   European carriers being in contractual relations with the BC and operating on the Belarus-Polish border points take energetic participation in the commission;

-   European carriers operating on the Belarus-Polish border points are direct competitors and prefer discussing prospects of transportation development in bilateral format on a confidentiality basis;

-   organisation of movement at border points between the railways of 1435 mm gauge, participating in the Conference, and at border points of the 1435/1520 mm interface has considerable differences;

-   operational issues of the BC and PKP PLK JSC at border points are tackled by means of day planning and interaction between control offices of the parties.

The subject of “ Coordination of the freight transportation volumes in international traffic” was considered at the meeting of representatives from the OSJD Railways and foreign trade organisations in Beijing (PRC) on 30 March - 3 April 2015, at which a summary was made for the implementation of freight volumes of foreign trade for 2014, and volumes were coordinated for export, import and transit traffic of good for 2015 with their distribution by quarters and by types of goods according to each border point, and technical and organisational measures were elaborated to ensure the implementation of the agreed volumes.

The Commission’s annual meeting participants underlined that it was necessary to submit to OSJD Committee and each other their data on the account and planned freight traffic volumes.

The RZD JSC representative informed the meeting participants that the next meeting on that issue would be held in Sochi (Russian Federation).

The Commission’s annual meeting participants were informed on the results of Railway Summit and 10th International Freight Conference which were organised under the umbrella of the OSJD by the “KORAIL” railway corporation (OSJD Affiliated Enterprise) in Seoul (Republic of Korea) on 27 - 29 May 2015 with participation of the Heads of railway companies from OSJD member countries (detailed information on these events is available in the OSJD Bulletin No.4-5/2015, pages 41-45).

Within the scope of activities carried out by the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic, work is going on the creation of freight Web-portal of the OSJD, which was approved by the XXX Conference of General Directors. The creation of freight Web-portal is implemented in co-operation with the CTM LLC, an OSJD Affiliated Enterprise.

Launching the freight Web-portal, OSJD’s product, will enable the operational search of required data on any property, including the name of railway, station, station code and freight operations handled at the station and etc.

In December 2015, it is scheduled to start operation of the freight Web-portal, whereby the link to connect to this portal will be available on the main page of the OSJD Web-site.

The CTM LLC representative made the meeting participants familiarised with the model of the OSJD freight Web-portal which is an electronic reference-information software system.

The Commission’s annual meeting agreed on draft Report on the “Work Results of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic for 2015” and Work Plan of the Commission for 2016 and prepared draft decision for the XXXI Conference of General Directors in the field of freight transport.

The meeting participants were informed that, on the OSJD Web-site, texts of all the contracts, agreements and OSJD leaflets being within remits of the OSJD are made available and continuously kept updated, and as well the possibility of operational exchange of information on the closed platform of the OSJD Web-site is provided (http://osjd.org).

 


 

 

Transport Policy and Development Strategy

 фото 1 ком

The annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy was held on 6 - 9 October 2015 with participation of representatives from the following OSJD member countries: Azerbaijani Republic, Republic of Belarus, Hungary, Georgia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of Kazakhstan, People’s Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvian Republic, Lithuanian Republic, Republic of Moldova, Mongolia, Republic of Poland, Russian Federation, Romania, Republic of Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Estonian Republic as well as the OSJD Committee and UIC Secretariat.

 The agenda included the following items:

- Progress of work of the Comprehensive measures to facilitate rail traffic and develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors No.9, 12 and 13 until 2020:

  • the results of meetings held between representatives of the countries being parties to the OSJD railway transport corridors No. 1, 2, 4, 12 and 13, on matters relating to implementation of provisions of the Memoranda,
  • feasibility study for the inclusion of new railway lines in the OSJD railway transport corridors,
  • monitoring conducted for the technical-operational certificates of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 1-4;

- Information from OSJD member countries on the development of fast speed and high speed passenger traffic in the OSJD member countries;

- Analysis of the causes for passenger train delays and freight trains delays at the border (interchange) stations in 2014:

  • information from the OSJD member countries on the progress of work as to

the implementation of Annex 9 “Facilitation of Border Crossing Procedures for International Rail Freight” to the International Convention on Harmonization of Frontier Control of Goods (1982),

  • elaboration of proposals on the procedure for border control and customs clearance for piggy-back traffic vehicles,
  • information on the decisions adopted at the VIII Inter-Agency Conference “Best practice in border crossing by rail transport” (Gdansk, Republic of Poland, 22-23 September 2015);

- Studies of trends of the strategic development of rail transport of the OSJD member countries:

  • studies of experience and analysis of reforms underway on the rail transport of the OSJD member countries, with the information to be published;
  • progress of work of the OSJD/ERA Contact group on interaction of the 1520 mm and 1435 mm railway systems;

- Update and preparation of the “Bulletin of OSJD statistics information on railway transport” – 2014 for publication:

  • compilation of the main performance indices for operation of OSJD railway transport corridors1-13 for 2014,
  • updates of the current version of the Explanatory Notes to fill in the electronic tables for statistics, consideration of new forms of the electronic tables for statistics and Explanatory Notes to fill in them;

- Consideration of and agreeing the progress of work on management and replenishment of the information funds of the OSJD Automated Data Bank (OSJD ADB), compilation and application of the information resources of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Information Centers (STEI Centers):

  • formation and application of the thematic (topical) bibliographies,
  • updates of the list of the distributed foreign transport magazines to be processed by STEI Centers of the OSJD member countries,
  • consideration of matters concerning the implementation of access to the information resources of STEI Centers via Internet as well as by means of Single Search System of OSJD STI,
  • consideration of and agreeing the progress of work on the development and management of the websites of STEI Centers of OSJD member countries via Internet in accordance with OSJD Leaflet O+R 905-4,
  • updates of the electronic version of the address book of OSJD STEI Centers.

 The meeting also considered and agreed draft Work Plan of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy for 2016, draft Work Programme of the OSJD Commission for 2017 and years to come and the work results of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy for 2015.

 OSJD Railway Transport Corridors

 The meeting of the Commission supported the proposal made by the expert meeting on the given subject to keep monitoring the Comprehensive Plans for the improvement of transportation and development of OSJD transport corridors as follows:

- 2016 – OSJD Corridors No. 1, 2 and 3;

- 2017 - OSJD Corridors No. 5, 7 and 10;

- 2018 - OSJD Corridors No. 4, 6, 8 and 11.

 The working body of the commission informed the meeting participants that, in Moscow on 4 March 2015, the first meeting took place between the countries that are parties to OSJD railway transport corridor No. 1 to discuss the issues relating to implementation of the Memorandum provisions. During the said meeting, specific attention was paid to the issues concerning the creation of a Coordinating Body (CB). No decision was made on the issue of practicability of the creation of such a body, its form, functions and mechanisms for configuration and financing.

 Within the framework of the expert meeting on the subject “Elaboration and implementation of Comprehensive measures to facilitate rail traffic and develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors” (7-10 April 2015, Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova), a meeting took place between the countries that are parties to OSJD railway transport corridor No. 12 and 13 to discuss the issues relating to implementation of the Memorandum provisions.

The expert meeting also considered the proposals made by the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Moldova as to possible connection of new lines to the OSJD railway transport corridors.

 The Republic of Kazakhstan proposed including:

- the new line of Iletsk - Kandyagash - Nikel-tau - Tobol as a branch of

OSJD railway transport corridor No. 2;

- the new line of Zhetygen – Altynkol as a branch of

OSJD railway transport corridor No. 5.

 The republic of Moldova proposed, and the countries that are parties to OSJD railway transport corridor No. 12 and Ukraine agreed, extending OSJD railway transport corridor No. 12 in the territory of the Republic of Moldova from the Oknitsa station to the Velchinets station and farther in the territory of Ukraine up to the Zhmerynka station.

 The meeting of the Commission having discussed the said issues took the following decision:

- to extend OSJD railway transport corridor No. 12 in the territory of the Republic of Moldova from the Oknitsa station to the Velchinets station and farther in the territory of Ukraine up to the Zhmerynka station provided that the existing traffic capacity in the territory of Ukraine is maintained;

- to include the new line of Iletsk - Kandyagash - Nikel-tau - Tobol as a branch of

OSJD railway transport corridor No. 2;

- to include the new line of Zhetygen – Altynkol as a branch of OSJD railway transport corridor No. 5.

 In this respect, the meeting of the Commission deemed it appropriate to update the Comprehensive measures to facilitate rail traffic and develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors No. 2, 5 and 12 until 2020 as well as the technical-operational certificates of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 2, 5 and 12, and to include corresponding changes in the Memoranda for the above-mentioned corridors.  

 In the course of the meeting, the Republic of Kazakhstan proposed including the following new lines:

- the Beyneu - Uzen – Bolashak line, in corridor No. 8;

- the Dostyk - Mointy - Zhezkazgan - Saksaulskaya - Beyneu - Aktau - Port Aktau line, in corridor No. 10.

 Having discussed the issue the meeting of the Commission approved, as a whole, the proposal made by the Republic of Kazakhstan and requested the countries that are parties to corridors to support the proposal.

 Analysis of the causes for delays of trains and rail cars

 The working body of the commission informed the meeting that OSJD member countries had submitted their pieces of information concerning the analysis of the causes for delays of passenger trains and freight wagons at the border (interchange) stations as well as information on the implementation of measures aimed at facilitation of border crossing.

 The analytical findings in respect of border crossing stations, submitted by each railway administration, show the progress of work on the established standards for the technological process of handling the freight and passenger trains at the border crossing stations, taking into account the specifications of each border crossing station and peculiarities of customs clearance and border control and other types of the State control when passengers and goods are moved across the border.

 The meeting participants took note of the combined analytical information from the OSJD member countries on the progress of work on the practical implementation of Annex 9.

 Within the framework of the given subject, the meeting of Informal group of experts took place under the aegis of the UN ECE at OSJD Committee on 27-28 April 2015. The meeting was devoted to draft Convention on facilitation of border crossing procedures for passengers and luggage carried in international traffic by rail.

 The meeting participants from the Russian Federation presented for consideration draft Convention on facilitation of border crossing procedures for passengers, luggage and load-luggage carried in international traffic by rail and informed, in the course of their presentation, that remarks and proposals from the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Tajikistan and Ukraine were taken into account during the preparation of draft Convention.

 When drafting the Convention, the Russian Federation proceeded from the idea that the Convention must have a frame nature without much detailing, yet it must create conditions for bilateral and multilateral cooperation of full value in order to facilitate the state border crossing procedures for passengers, luggage and load-luggage carried in international traffic by rail.

 The leading duty holder from the Lithuanian Republic delivered at the expert meeting on the given subject a piece of information and a presentation on the experience gained by the Lithuanian Railways JSC in the field of implementation of piggy back traffic by the example of the “Nemunas/Neman” train. It was pointed out that by virtue of close cooperation between the Lithuanian Railways JSC and competent control services, the creation of a special legal basis was not required to implement the abovementioned project in the Lithuanian Republic, and conventional requirements were applied instead, which are applicable for freight tarffic by rail.

 It was noted that in some OSJD member countries, the main barriers on the way to implement cross-border piggy back traffic included the absence in the national legislation of the possibility for piggy back trains to cross the borders, including by transit, and inadaptability of infrastructure as well. On the said issue, information was delivered by the leading duty holder from Ukraine on the procedure for border crossing by piggy back traffic.

 Matters on facilitation of procedures for border crossing by international railway freight and passenger traffic were widely discussed in the course of the VIII International Inter-Agency Conference of the OSJD member countries “Practice in border crossing by railway transport” organised within the framework of the 11th TRAKO-2015 International Railway Fair in Gdansk on 22-23 September 2015 (detailed information is available in the given issue of the journal, in the section of “On OSJD activity” and OSJD Web-site).

 “Directions for railway transport strategic development and reforms”

 The representatives from Ukraine delivered their presentation “Progress of reforms on the railway transport of Ukraine” which provoked the meeting participants’ interest.

 For consideration of the given subject, OSJD Committee requested the member countries to transmit their updated information on the progress of reforms in the railway sector of their countries for its making available on the external portal of the OSJD Web-site. Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, China, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine submitted their pieces of information.

 The meeting participants having considered the submitted information of the OSJD member countries decided to make it available on the external portal of the OSJD Web-site.

 During consideration of progress of work of the OSJD/ERA Contact Group on the analysis of interaction of 1520 mm and 1435 mm railway systems, it was pointed out that in the period of 2007 – 2015, the Contact Group developed and finalized the following documents:

- Document No. 1. Subsystem: Infrastructure, Rail Track and Engineer Structures,

- Document No. 2 Energy Supply,

- Document No. 3. Signaling and Interlocking,

- Document No. 5. Passenger Coaches,

- Document No. 6. Locomotives and Motor Multiple Units,

- Document No. 7. Operation;

- Document “The Subsystem Specification Analysis: Availability for Disabled and Mobility Challenged” is currently under development.

 Developed documents No.1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7 are made available on the OSJD Web-site. The document “The Subsystem Specification Analysis: Availability for Disabled and Mobility Challenged” must be made available on the site before the end of 2015.

 Statistical Data on OSJD Railway Transport

 The leading duty holder from the Republic of Uzbekistan summarized the statistical data applicable to OSJD member states regarding Statistics of Railway Transport for the purpose of publishing “The Bulletin of OSJD Railway Transport Statistical Data” for 2014.

The summarized statistical data for 2014 were agreed by the expert meeting on statistical matters and by the Annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy for the purpose of publishing “The Bulletin of OSJD Railway Transport Statistical Data” for 2014.

 It was noted that in general in 2014 as compared to 2013, the operational length of railways increased by 407 km and amounted to 281216 km, and the total length of electrified lines increased by 878 km and amounted to 126298 km. In 2014, the volume of freight traffic decreased in relation to the level of the year 2013 by 4.69% and amounted to 5473 million tons, the freight turnover decreased by 1.44% and amounted to 5276 billion ton-km. In 2014, 3915 million passengers were carried which was by 0.01% less than that in 2013, the passenger turnover decreased by 0.45% and amounted to 1192 billion passenger-km.

 The participants in the meeting of the Commission were informed on the data received as to the main performance indices of operational work of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 1-13 for 2014 and they decided to publish the main performance indices of operational work of OSJD railway transport corridors No. 1-13 in “The Bulletin of OSJD Railway Transport Statistical Data” for 2014 in the form of a table and a diagram.

 To fully reflect information in “The Bulletin of OSJD Railway Transport Statistical Data” for 2015”, the meeting participants requested the countries that are parties to the railway transport corridors to submit their data strictly in accordance with the established deadlines, format and forms.

 The meeting of the Commission agreed to the experts’ proposal on the update of OSJD Leaflet R 305/1 “Recommendations on the terminology “Statistics on Railway Data”. Concise glossary”.

 Formation and development of automated databases on scientific, technical and economic information (OSJD STEI ADB)

 The working body of the OSJD Commission informed the meeting participants that STEI Centers of the OSJD member countries, in 2015, continued forming and developing their databases on scientific, technical and economic information, which in the aggregate constitute the international distributed database of OSJD.

 The leading duty holder from the Russian Federation conducted an analysis on furnishing and application of the international distributed database on STEI in 2014 based on the data submitted by the STEI Centers of the OSJD member countries. It was noted that the analysis was conducted in view of of the data from the People’s Republic of China which submitted information on firnishinf and application of the national database for 2013 and 2014.

 As of December 30, 2013 according to the Scientific, Technical and Economic Data Centers, the international distributed data bank included 2005539 documents.

In 2013 the international distributed data bank included 35,960 new documents.

The annual replenishment the international distributed data bank in 2014 amounted to 68539 documents. The application analysis of the OSJD ADB shows, in general, a growth of performance indices for furnishing and application of the national datbanks.

 The meeting participants underlined the necessity for annual analysis of furnishing of international distributed data bank of the OSJD, since it would allow for defining the development dynamics of information activity in the OSJD member countries as well as the level of application of the scientific and technical information resource by experts.

 The leading duty holder from the Lithuanian Republic prepared the consolidated bibliographical listing on the subject of “Improvement of Transportation and Development of OSJD Railway Transport Corridors”, formed based on the data submitted by the STEI Centers.

The prepared consolidated bibliographical listing was presented at the expert meeting held in the Republic of Moldova in April 2015. The participants in the expert meeting highly and positively valued the joint activity of the STEI Centers of the OSJD member countries.

 The subject was agreed for the following common bibliography “Logistics and marketing in the field of freight traffic”. Work on the compilation of the common bibliography was headed by the Scientific Technical Information and Analysis Center of the “National Company “Kazakhstan Temir Zholy” JSC ‘NC “KTZ” from the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 It was decided that it was necessary to revise, in future, the List of foreign transport-related journals being processed by the STEI Centers, according to developments occurring in the subscription volumes.

 The meeting participants were informed that as of the current situation, most of the countries that are parties to the subject on the practical implementation of access to the information resources of the STEI Centers via Internet, including the use of Single Retrieval System of the OSJD, dispose automated data banks. However, in accordance with the security policy pursued by the national railway companies, most of the national data banks function within the boundaries of corporative computer networks. This fact does not allow for applying in practice opportunities offered by the developed Single Retrieval System for scientific and technical information of the OSJD. In this respect, it is advisable to place the single retrieval module in the same hardware as that of the OSJD site.

 The Commission meeting approved the experts’ proposal on temporary suspension of consideration of the said issue until the national railway companies take the decision on the possibility to publish the databases of the STEI Centers in the Internet.

 During consideration of the progress of work on management and development of the site of the STEI Centers on the OSJD Web-site, based on the data submitted, the OSJD member countries showed their keen interest in making available information on their STEI units on the site.

The Commission meeting approved the following proposals made by experts:

- update of the data of STEI Centers in the Russian and English languages;

- revision of OSJD Leaflet O+R 905-4 in 2016;

- update of OSJD Leaflet O 905-1 and Annex 1 “The List of national transport-related journals…” to this Leaflet in 2016.

 Based on the combined data on the STEI Centers, the leading duty holder from the Russian Federation submitted to OSJD Committee the updated electronic version of the 12th edition of the Address Book of the STEI Centers of the OSJD member countries, the electronic version of which was made available on the OSJD Web-site, section “Documents and Developments” in the format allowing it to download and further duplicate individually.

 Cooperation on development of railway transport corridors

 On 18-19 June 2015, the DG MOVE and OSJD organized in Brussels a joint seminar on interaction between the OSJD railway transport corridors and the EU rail freight corridors. The Commission meeting supported the proposal to continue cooperation between the OSJD and DG MOVE in the field of interaction between railway transport corridors, as well as taking into account the proposals voiced at the joint seminar.

 The Commission meeting requested the OSJD member countries concerned to prepare proposals on matters relating to the inclusion of new lines in the existing railway transport corridors of the OSJD for consideration at the following regular meeting of experts in 2016, including the matter concerning the regulation of the said procedures.


 

 

Passenger Traffic

 фото Пассажирские

The meeting of railways of group II to draft and coordinate the 2016-2017 timetables for passenger trains, passenger trains formation diagrams and allocation of coaches for such trains in international traffic was held in Vladivostok (Russia) on 14-18 September 2015. It was attended by the representatives of the OSJD member states from: Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, People’s Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Mongolia, Russian Federation and OSJD Committee.

The meeting discussed the reports made by the VZD, KZH, KZD, ZC, “UBZD” JSC and “RZD” JSC on trains and direct coaches operating in international traffic, drafted and agreed the timetables for passenger trains, passenger trains formation diagrams and allocation of coaches for such trains in international traffic scheduled for 2016-2017, considered the proposals and matters relating to the movement of international passenger trains, agreed the date, venue and draft agenda for the next regular meeting of railways of group II to draft and coordinate the 2016-2017 timetables for passenger trains in international traffic scheduled for 2017-2018.

Having considered the proposals made by the railways the meeting participants agreed as follows:

- VZD, KZH, ZC and UBZD agreed on the proposal made by “RZD” JSC on the implementation of a new timetable for international passenger trains with effect from the second Sunday of the 2016 December;

- VZD and KZD agreed on the operation of trains MR1/Т8702/Z6 and Z5/Т8701/МR2 twice a week;

- VZD and KZD took a decision on the reservation of seats for the trains running backwards by means of their agencies assigned by Hanoi Railway Passenger Transport Company (form the Vietnamese side) and respective railways (from the Chinese side);

- VZD and KZD agreed on the ticket sales for passengers wishing to travel to the third countries by transit via Beijing (KZD), which is implemented in the manner prescribed by the Protocol of negotiations signed in Beijing on 27 December 2001 between VZD and KZD;

- KZD and VZD will additionally study the issue on restoration of coaches to be operating in Kunming – Hanoi traffic (VZD);

- KZD and ZC took a decision that the trailing Beijing – Pyongyang coaches would operate year-round 4 times a week, including twice by ZC coaches and twice by KZD coaches;

- KZD and ZC decided that Dandong – Pyongyang through coaches would operate year-round, with 3 KZD coaches from Dandong and 3 ZC coaches from Pyongyang departing every other day; the KZD train includes one KZD diesel coach;

- specialists of the Shenyang railway and ZC, as a result of discussion, decided to continue their work to improve the possible variant of operation of luggage coaches in Pyongyang – Dandong traffic;

- at the ZC meeting, it was proposed to consider, in light of an increase in the KZD passenger flow, the possibility of inclusion of one additional coach in the Pyongyang – Dandong train set as from 1 April to 31 October 2016;

- “RZD” JSC and ZC took a decision to preserve the through coaches composed by “FPK” JSC in Moscow – Tumangang traffic, those composed by ZC in Pyongyang – Moscow and Pyongyang – Khabarovsk traffic; in case of an increase in passenger flow from DPRK to the Russian Federation and backwards, the parties confirmed the possibility of inclusion of additional through coaches of ZC and  “FPK” JSC in Khabarovsk – Tumangang and Tumangang – Khabarovsk traffic in the operation days of through coaches of Pyongyang – Moscow, Pyongyang – Khabarovsk, Tumangang – Moscow traffic of trains No.651/652 in accordance with MPT;

- the meeting participants considered matters on fulfillment of the schedule of passenger trains in international traffic and discussed joint measures on their scheduled run;

- “RZD” JSC informed the meeting participants on the shutdown of low active luggage compartments in the territory of the Russian Federation;

- in light of the beginning of travel document sales within 60 days prior to departure, “RZD” JSC requested the meeting participants to timely inform the railways on changes in the timetables of passenger trains in international traffic;

- “RZD” JSC and “UBZD” JSC took a decision to continue operation of the following trains and coaches:

  • train No. 5/6 Ulan-Bator – Moscow composed by “UBZD” JSC and train No. 6/5 Moscow – Ulan-Bator composed by “FPK” JSC:
  • in the summer season, to be composed by “FPK” JSC once a week with departing from Moscow on the fourth days of the week, with arriving and departing from Ulan Bator on the second days of the week; composed by “UBZD” JSC once a week, with departing from Ulan Bator on the fifth days of the week and arriving in Moscow on the second days of the week, with departing from Moscow on the third days of the week,
  • in the winter season, to be composed by “FPK” JSC, once a fortnight, with departing from Moscow on the fourth days of the week, with arriving and departing from Ulan Bator on the second days of the week; composed by “UBZD” JSC once a fortnight, with departing from Ulan Bator on the fifth days of the week and arriving in Moscow on the second days of the week, with departing from Moscow on the third days of the week,
  • through coaches Irkutsk – Ulan Bator composed by “FPK” JSC and “UBZD” JSC, year-round every other day Irkutsk – Naushki – Ulan Bator trains No. 362/364/264-263/363/361,
  • luggage cars of the “Transcargo” transport company in Moscow – Zamyn-Uud train No. 6/5 of Moscow – Ulan Bator traffic and No.362/364/264-263/363/361 of Irkutsk – Naushki – Ulan Bator traffic with coupling by Ulan Bator station with of Ulan Bator – Hohhot train No. 33/34 or Ulan Bator – Erlian train No. 22/21 to the Zamyn-Uud station;

- in accordance with the proposal of “RZD” JSC on the speed up of Moscow–Beijing train No. 20/19, the KZD informed that it was necessary to provide additional technical documentation;

- “RZD” JSC requested KZD to consider the possibility of departure time transfer for Grodekovo – Suifenhe train No. 401 composed by KZD, with departure time from the Grodekovo station at 11.40 (Moscow time);

- “UBZD” JSC requested “RZD” JSC to consider the possibility of stopping time reduction at the Naushki station for Ulan Bator – Irkutsk train No. 263/363/361, however “RZD” JSC informed that those through coaches were operating in Irkutsk – Naushki regular train set No. 362/361 and the change of its timetable was not feasible at the moment;

- “UBZD” JSC requested “RZD” JSC to consider the possibility of organisation of a day-off train in Irkutsk – Ulan Bator traffic along the free track of Moscow – Ulan Bator train No. 6/5; “FPK” JSC confirmed that it was possible to serve the train;

- representatives from KZH informed on the forthcoming “ЕХРО-2017” International exhibition to be held in Astana in 2017 and, accordingly, they suggested that the following rail services should be organized from January 2017:

  • Astana – Urumqi train composed of “Tulpar-Talgo” LLP coaches by KZH through the Altyn Kol – Khorgos railway section;
  • Almaty – Urimqi train No.13/14 composed by KZH and Urumqi – Almaty train composed by KZD through the Altyn Kol – Khorgos railway section.

The KZH also informed on its readiness to change in 2016 the route of the Astana – Almaty – Urumqi passenger train composed by KZH through the Altyn Kol – Khorgos border control points. The KZD supported the operation of international passenger trains through Altyn Kol and Khorgos stations. At present the KZD is carrying out coordination work with the PRC border control agencies. Upon agreement with the PRC competent agencies, the KZD would propose, as the first stage, organising the service of the Urumqi – Almaty passenger train composed by KZD through the Altyn Kol and Khorgos stations, taking it from the Alashankou – Dostyk section.

Following the proposal made by KZH on operation of the Astana – Urumqi passenger train composed of coaches equipped with automatic gauge changeover systems through the Altyn Kol and Khorgos stations as from 1 January 2017, the KZD requested the KZH to provide as soon as practicable the technical characteristics required for the feasibility study of train operation in the KZD network. If necessary, bilateral meetings of experts would be held.

KZH and KZD decided on the given issue as follows:

- for studies by KZD experts of the feasibility of operation on the Chinese railways of a train composed of “Tulpar-Talgo” LLP coaches, the KZH would provide the technical characteristics of rolling stock and, if necessary, additional meetings of experts would be held;

- the final decision on the technical feasibility of operation of the Astana – Urumqi train composed of “Tulpar-Talgo” LLP coaches would be adopted when all the technical issues were settled;

- Upon agreement with the PRC border control agencies, the change of operation route would be additionally considered for the existing Urumqi – Almaty (KZD) and Almaty – Astana – Urumqi (KZH) trains.

As scheduled, next regular meeting will be due to take place in the People’s Republic of China in September 2016.

The expert meeting of railways on the topic of “Seat reservation systems, reference-information service for passengers, service rendering and settlement procedure for such services” was held in the city of Grodno (Republic of Belarus) on 22 – 25 September 2015 with the participation of representatives from the following railways: BC, “MAV” CJSC, “LG” JSC, “RZD” JSC, “CFR” JSC, UZ, “CD” JSC and OSJD Committee.

The meeting agenda included the following items:

- development of electronic systems in terms of the improvement of passenger service, rendering reference-information service and improvement of control technology for passenger traffic;

- feasibility of reference-information exchange between the reservation systems of “RZD” JSC – CD, PKP and MAV;

- introduction of changes in the text of Leaflet O 171 “Instructions on the compilation of reservation lists”;

- introduction of changes in the reservation systems in accordance with updates of OSJD/UIC leaflets 918-0, 918-1, 918-2;

- proposals by railways on draft Work Plan of the OSJD Commission on passenger traffic for 2016.

Belarusian Railway

To increase the attractiveness of international passenger traffic across the Polish-Belarus state border according to agreement between the “Belarusian Railway” company and LLC “Regional Transportation”, the list of routes was expanded as from 15.07.2015 with fixed rates to be applied for a trip. The routes were added as follows: Grodno – Belostok, Grodno – Malkinia, Grodno – Elk, Grodno – Sokulka.

In view of calls made by individuals, at present the reservation system software is being updated in order to provide the possibility of service fee collection at the passenger’s wish when ticket is issued at the booking office window.

 

To expand access to rail transport services, work has been carried out on the creation of an agency network for ticket sales.

In January – August 2015, the ticket sale system of the Belarusian Railway issued 941948 travel documents through its Internet site, which is 10% of the travel documents issued by the Belarusian Railway (9480307), out of which 88.2% were issued with electronic registration (830852).

This year it has been envisaged to provide a possibility for passengers to return their travel documents purchased by means of electronic resources on their own and to their account cards.

To simplify payments by bank cards in the ticket sale system via Internet, in 2015 “One Click” service was introduced, allowing for reducing time for a payment to be made and indicating account details automatically.

To provide information distribution for passengers, in 2016-2017 it is planned to establish around 100 information desks at the stations of the Railway of Belarus. As an information source, a single server solution will be used, which is being updated within the scope of the “Timetable” automatic system for the corporative site of the Railway of Belarus (work is to commence in the fourth quarter of 2015)

Lithuanian Railways

To extend the range of services rendered to passengers in view of the introduction of new schedules for passenger trains, it has been planned to implement the electronic registration for a group of Vilnius – Moscow coaches running in Kaliningrad – Moscow train 30/29.

Russian Railways” JSC

“VNIIZhT” JSC made a presentation on the procedure for issuing travel documents when:

- traveling by double-deck coach;

- traveling in multimodal traffic;

- transporting passengers with children in a specified zone;

- transporting animals in the assigned seats,

- using the Web-resource of the “RZD” JSC on electronic road maps.

The “FPK” JSC presented a new rail product i.e. Moscow –Warsaw / Budapest / Bar / Sofia / Varna / Burgas train in the schedule of passenger trains in international traffic for 2015 / 2016. The train set will include BC Minsk – Warsaw, Minsk – Belgrade, Minsk – Bar and Minsk – Varna coaches.

Payments for the carriage of passengers are made under the rules for accounting in respect of SCIC-EWT. Settlement of accounts between the Carriers shall be regulated by the Rules for accounting in international passenger traffic (UIC leaflet No.301). The cost of the ticket portion of the travel document shall be distributed between the partakers of the transport process in proportion to tariff kilometers of the route. The cost of the seat portion of the travel document is related to Carrier who is a coach owner.

On this issue, the MAV-START Company informed that the ZS reservation system would introduce seats in coaches/trains departing from the ZPCG stations and the MAV-START reservation system would introduce seats in coaches/trains departing from the BDZ stations.

The “FPK” JSC, BC, MAV-START agreed to store the norm seats as follows:

for “FPK” JSC coaches:

- in the direction of Russia – Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria and Montenegro, they shall be stored in the “Express” automated control system of the “RZD” JSC;

- in the direction of Poland – Russia, they shall be stored in the PKP reservation system;

- in the direction of Hungary, Bulgaria – Russia, they shall be stored in the MAV-START reservation system;

- in the direction of Montenegro – Russia, they shall be stored in the ZS reservation system;

  • for BC coaches:

- in the direction of Belarus – Poland, Serbia, Bulgaria and Montenegro, they shall be stored in the “Express” automated control system of the Railway of Belarus,

- in the direction of Poland – Belarus, they shall be stored in the PKP reservation system,

- in the direction of Montenegro, Serbia – Belarus, they shall be stored in the ZS reservation system;

- in the direction of Bulgaria – Belarus, they shall be stored in the MAV-START reservation system.

The parties underlined that, where necessary, they could exchange norm seats as agreed.

Travel document sale shall be open in the reservation systems not earlier than 60 days before train departure, and it is implemented as the train goes until the arrival at the destination station of the route of coaches. Tickets shall not be issued aboard the train by manual technology.

The parties discussed the possibility of issuing travel documents, using the OSJD and FIP privilege and single tickets.

Ukrzaliznytsia

As from 2015, the official site of Ukrzaliznytsia www.uz.gov.ua

 has been adapted for individuals with severe ocular damage and travel document issue widget that is available on the first page of the site has also been adapted.

Issuance of discount travel documents has been introduced in ticket office windows and via Internet for students and pupils of vocational-technical schools by means of interaction with the electronic database of the Ministry of Education.

Ticket issue technology through electronic service lines is getting spread due to formation of the agency network. Any company that wishes to be connected to the UZ ticket sale system must provide interaction of its Internet system with the UZ reservation system. The contract of agency and technical specifications are made available for connection on the official site of Ukrzaliznytsia, being equal to all. Within eight months of 2015, about 8 million travel documents were issued through self-service, and 5.8 million tickets were issued totally in 2014.

Electronic issue of travel documents has been made for all domestic trains. Passengers travel without visiting ticket office windows, and conductors (stewards) execute control of electronic travel documents by reading the QR-code with a mobile ticket control terminal.

The UZ informed on the temporary shutdown of ticket issue in ticket office windows of electronic travel documents for domestic trains of Ukraine.

“VNIIZhT” JSC made a presentation on the interaction with national reservation systems of the Western European countries in respect of exchange of reference information and delivery of reference information on conditional running query in accordance with Leaflet 918-1.

“FPK” JSC delivered a presentation on the transmission of reference information to the “MERITS” database. It was noted that from December 2014 the transfer of information had been performed from the “Express-3” system to the “MERITS” database within the software being developed for the interaction of the “Express-3” automated control system and MERITS, as the first stage:

- information on “FPK” JSC trains running in domestic traffic in the territory of the Russian Federation,

- information on trains running in international traffic with the CIS countries and Baltic states,

- information on “FPK” JSC trains in traffic of Moscow – Paris – Moscow, Moscow – Nice – Moscow, Moscow – Prague – Moscow, Moscow – Warsaw – Moscow “Polonez”, Moscow – Helsinki – Moscow “Leo Tolstoy”.

At the second stage, in the fourth quarter of 2015, it is planned to develop a software programme for receiving information on long-distance trains of the European countries from the “MERITS” system to use it further in the ticket offices.

The BC requested the “FPK” JSC to consider the possibility of introduction of information on trains composed by BC into the “MERITS” system, using the developed software programme.

The Lithuanian Railways delivered information on the structure of Leaflet 0-171 and procedure for the submission of Reservation lists on the UIC Web-site. The meeting requested OSJD Committee to consider the possibility of making the Reservation lists available on the OSJD site.

Representatives from MAV requested UZ to consider the possibility of ticket issuing in MAV ticket offices for traveling by Kiev – Budapest train on one blank form (ticket + seat). The cost calculation, herewith, is made in accordance with the “East – West” tariff.

The “RZD” JSC requested the railways being Parties to the Agreement on MPT to consider the possibility of ticket issuing under the MPT on a single blank form of travel document (ticket + seat).

 


 

 

OSJD Committee - winner of the Ill-rd International Competition 'University Book - 2015'

диплом

On September 3, 2015 the VDNH Exhibition Center in Moscow hosted the International Book Fair and Exhibition within the framework of which an awarding ceremony for the winners of the III-rd International Competition of publications for schools, 'University Book - 2015' was held.

Within the direction of 'Engineering and Technology of Land Transport' the OSJD Committee was awarded the First-degree Diplomas and a Medal in the categories:

- 'The Best Polygraphic Edition' - for the publication of the technical-and-economic information journal "OSJD Bulletin";

- 'The Best Foreign Publications on Railway Transport' - for the coverage of topical issues of railway transport improvement and development.


 

Signaling, Interlocking and Communications Networks

фото СЦБ

The expert meeting of the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock on the topic "Signaling, interlocking and communications network" was held at the OSJD Committee on 25-27 August 2015, with the participation of representatives from all six OSJD railways engaged in the topic: BC, NC "KTZ" JSC, LG, PKP JSC, RZD JSC, UZ and from UIC, as well as the OSJD Committee.

The meeting participants considered the following draft documents:

- Leaflet "Operational and technical requirements for traffic control systems" based on current leaflets R820 "Operational and technical requirements for centralized traffic control systems" and leaflet R846 "Recommendations on the advanced technology for maintenance of centralized traffic control systems" (the main performer: RZD JSC);

- Leaflets "Operational and technical requirements for protection of railway automatic systems devices and telemechanics against switching and atmospheric overvoltage, by their electromagnetic compatibility, based on OSJD leaflets R850 "Operational and technical requirements for protection of railway automatic devices against switching and atmospheric overvoltage", R809 "Electromagnetic compatibility of microelectronic signaling and interlocking devices", R812 "Emission of harmonic components of voltage oscillation and flicker in signaling and interlocking devices" and UIC leaflet 750 "Railway telecommunications links, expected improvements for telecommunications applied during operation" (Version 3 dated February 2006) (main performer is BC);

- Leaflet " Operational and technical requirements for track circuits used in control devices and train movement safety systems" based on current leaflets R810 "Operational and technical requirements for track circuits of sonic frequency" and R848 "Recommendations on passing traction current via railway tracks equipped with track circuits, and protection of signaling and interlocking devices against the influence of electric-traction network of the electrified railways" (main

performer is NC "KTZ" JSC);

- Work Plan-2016 on the topic "Signaling, interlocking and communications networks". Having listened to and discussed the information material from the main performers, the expert meeting proposed that the said leaflets should be submitted for approval at the annual meeting of OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock, therefore the leaflets on the basis of which the said leaflets were developed should be cancelled.

At the invitation of Director of UIC Railway System Department Mr. Marc Antoni, next meeting of OSJD experts on the topic "Signaling, interlocking and communications networks" was scheduled for June 2016, within the framework of the meeting of UIC experts on CCS and communications at UIC HQ (Paris, France), with technical tours to be organised to the railway locations of the SNCF, OSJD affiliated enterprise.

The meeting participants also listened to the presentation made by Director of UIC Railway System Department Mr. Marc Antoni on activities in the field of railway automatics, telemechanics and communications, carried out within the UIC. The meeting participants were invited to take part in the UIC project activity on the railway automatics and telemechanics in 2016. Mr. Marc Antoni informed the meeting participants on the forthcoming UIC Global Railway Conference on the matters of asset management. The Conference is due at UIC HQ in Paris on 12-13 October 2015, and he invited the meeting participants to take part in the said Conference.


 

Kick-off meeting of Joint OSJD/UIC Group to develop International Railway Standards (IRS)

In accordance with the decisions taken by meeting XXX of the Conference of General Directors (Authorised Representatives) of OSJD Railways (20-24 April 2015, Czech Republic, Prague) and 86th UIC General Assembly (6 July 2015, Japan, Tokyo), on 21-23 July 2015, in Paris UIC Headquarters, the kick-off meeting of Joint OSJD/UIC group (JG) on the development of International Railway Standards (IRS) based on the joint OSJD/UIC leaflets was held.

The meeting was attended by representatives from BC, "NC "KTZ" JSC, "RZD" JSC, OSJD Committee and UIC.

The agenda of the expert meeting included the following items:

- decision taken by meeting XXX of the Conference of General Directors on the creation of the Joint OSJD/UIC Group to analyze the joint OSJD/UIC leaflets and convert them into IRS within the OSJD Commission on Infrastructure and Rolling Stock;

- consideration of the first draft of the Terms of Reference (Regalement) for the OSJD/UIC JG on the development of IRS and discussion of the JG Work Plan for 2015-2016;

- finalization of the first version of draft International Railway Standard (IRS) 1501;

- discussion of draft Programme for the development of IRS.

In the course of the meeting, a list of five joint OSJD/UIC leaflets to be converted into IRS was defined:

535/535-2 "Standardisation and positioning on wagons of steps, end platforms, gangways, handrails, tow hooks, automatic coupler (AC), automatic draw-on coupling and brake valve controls on the UIC member RUs and OSJD member RUs"

524/508-3 "Passenger coaches - General requirements for running gear with dual gauge wheelsets for railways with 1435-mm and 1520-mm gauges"

516/430-4 "Wagons. Operation between 1435-mm gauge and 1520-mm gauge networks. Technical provisions and approval conditions"

500/505-6 "General rules for interoperable rolling stock gauges (without unloading freight or disembarking passengers) in cross-border traffic between UIC and OSJD RUs"

502-3/502 series "Special consignments -Provisions concerning the preparation and con­veyance of special consignments".

The participants agreed on the need to transpose all leaflets of the 502-x family, regulating the conditions of transport of exceptional goods into one single IRS.

As of today the 516 and 502 leaflets exist only in Russian. UIC HQ and the OSJD committee will equally share the tasks of translating these two leaflets into English for future work.

The JG decided and agreed on the development phases of the IRS based on the cur­rent UIC/OSJD joint leaflets, as well as a provisional time frame. The exact dates will be defined by the JG members for each IRS accordingly.

The participants have received the first draft version of the IRS 1501 "Rolling Stock Gauge". The draft IRS 1501 was officially presented and submitted to the 83rd UIC General Assembly (December 2013); this is nowadays an essential document which encompasses the world's best practice in the field of standard-isation on 1435-1520 railway systems and represents the joint requirements established by IRS.

Choosing the IRS 1501 "Rolling Stock Gauge" is a matter of principle for railway traffic to be ensured within the Euro-Asian context which has considerable importance in the development of future IRS. The meeting participants took a decision concerning the follow up and the scheduling of the work on IRS 1501 "Rolling Stock Gauge" development and to pursue the work on the document on the basis of the first draft of the IRS 1501, work to be done by RZD as the main performer.


 

Meeting of representatives of the Parties to MTT

On 30 June - 3 July 2015, in the city of Yurmala (Republic of Latvia), the XXVI meeting of representatives of the Parties to the Agreement on International Railway Transit Tariff (MTT) was held to update the MTT Agreement and the MTT itself. The meeting was attended by representatives from the OSJD railways

as follows: GR, KZH, LDZ, LG, CFM, RZD JSC, TDZ, UTI, UZ and CD; as well as CTM LLC - an OSJD affiliated enterprise, and the OSJD Committee.

Welcome speeches addressed to the meeting participants were made by CEO of LDZ Cargo LLC Guntis Machs and Director on international relations of LDZ Regina Svirska. They noted the relevance of work on the improvement of the MTT Agreement and update of the MTT to ensure competitiveness of railway freight transit traffic. They also briefly informed the participants on activities and prospects of development of the Latvian Railway.

The meeting agenda included the following items:

- Execution of decisions of the XXV Meeting of representatives of the Contracting Parties to the MTT Agreement (17-20 June 2014, city of Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus);

- Consideration of proposals of the Parties to the MTT Agreement on improvement of the MTT Agreement (changes and supplements to be made);

- Consideration of proposals of the Parties to the MTT Agreement on update of the MTT, the MTT:

1) from 1 September 2014, under the numbers of 24D and 132;

2) from 1 January 2015, under the number of 133.

In accordance with paragraph 2.4 of Article 2 of the MTT Agreement, OSJD Committee, as MTT Depository, published the updated texts of the MTT Agreement as of 1 January 2015 and sent them in digital format and one certified copy each to all the Parties to the MTT Agreement, OSJD Observers and Affiliated Enterprises concerned.

The meeting agreed to include work to be carried out on the further improvement of the MTT Agreement and update of the MTT in the Work Plan-2016 of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic.

The Head of the CD Cargo delegation informed the participants that the following meeting of representatives of the Parties to the MTT Agreement would be organized in the Czech Republic in June 2016.

The meeting participants were informed on the notification made by NC "KTZ" JSC on the tariff rates for charges and surcharges calculated according to the MTT and the ETT, established within the KZH from 1 January to 31 December 2015.

The meeting participants were also informed that decision was made to create OSJD freight Web-portal that would not substitute for the information portal of the OSJD Web-site. The creation of a modern interactive Web-portal of the OSJD with visualization tools, focused on the support of business of railway companies, envisages the possibility to make available the current updated documents (e.g. ETT, MTT and GNG) and list of freight stations of OSJD railways on the interactive map with a search tool to specify potential railway routes between them and additional information required (e.g. station code); with various databases having search and export tools for OSJD documents of different formats, first and foremost, the SMGS with Annexes in a structured form, with a search tool; PGV and other documents managed by OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic (the list is not exhaustive). A link to jump to the freight Web-portal is available on the information portal of the OSJD Web-site.

Work was commenced on the development of a layout, on visualization and upload of databases and documents, which would be carried out in cooperation with OSJD Affiliated Enterprise CTM LLC with experience of many years in that field and supplying its software products to over 11000 organisations among which such major firms are as Gazprom JSC, Lukoil JSC, RZD JSC, TransContainer PJSC, DB Schenker and other.

The representative of OSJD affiliated enterprise CTM LLC familiarized the meet­ing participants with the layout of the freight Web-portal of the OSJD, which involves an electronic software reference-information system that allows for searching data by any attribute, including the name of a railway or a station, station code, freight operations performed at stations etc.


 

Organisation of large-container traffic between Europe and Asia

фото алтан

On 30 June-3 July 2015, at the OSJD Committee, an expert meeting of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic was held on the topic "Organisation of large-container traffic between Europe and Asia", which was attended by representatives from OSJD Railways as follows: AZD CJSC, GR, KZH, ZC, LG, UBZD, RZD JSC, CFR-Marfa, ZSSK Cargo, TDZ, UTI, UZ, EVR, OSJD affiliated enterprises - Rail Cargo Hungaria CJSC and KORAIL, as well as the OSJD Committee.

The meeting considered the result of work carried out as follows:

- organisation of large-container and piggy-back traffic between Europe and Asia, including organisation of container block trains on OSJD railways;

- subtopic: "Update of the database on container trains and piggy-back traffic for international services";

- subtopic: Shaping and analysing the database of volume indices for large-container traffic on OSJD railways";

- organisation of freight traffic under the common CIM/SMGS consignment note for international services, including through railway-ferry services;

- subtopic: Update of Leaflet R 421 "Rules for the use of general-purpose large-containers for international railway services";

- cooperation with UNESCAP on organisation of large-container traffic between Europe and Asia;

- drafting the Work Plan-2016 on the topic:

«Organisation of large-container traffic between Europe and Asia».

The meeting participants listened to information and reports delivered by representatives from the railways and affiliated enterprises as to ongoing work on organisation of large-container traffic between Europe and Asia, including organisation of container block trains on OSJD railways.

The main performer KZH informed the meeting participants on the work carried out on the subtopic "Update of the database of container trains and piggy-back traffic for international services". The KZH, as the main performer for this subtopic, put forward a proposal to modify the reporting form for container trains and piggy-back traffic, namely, to supplement additional information on the entire journey, time of delivery, goods being carried, responsible operators and actual number of trains, but it was not supported.

The meeting participants suggested that the railways should timely submit their updated information on container trains and piggy-back traffic for international services for consideration by the annual meeting of OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic to agree and publish in the "OSJD Bulletin" journal and on the OSJD Web-site.

The main performer UZ informed the participants on the work carried out on subtopic "Shaping and analyzing the database of volume indices for large-container traffic on OSJD railways".

The meeting agreed on the submission by the main performer of information with graphic representation of data on the volume indices for large-container traffic and prepared a form of the table to present the statistics data on the volumes of traffic under the CIM/SMGS consignment note (for 2015 as compared to 2014).

The main performer RZD JSC did not receive a proposal on organisation of container traffic under the CIM/SMGS consignment note.

The RZD JSC informed the meeting on the negotiations conducted between the RZD-Logistics company and the Chinese consignor on freight container traffic under the CIM/SMGS consignment note from Zhengzhou to Hamburg in transit on the territory of Mongolia, Russian Federation, Republic of Belarus and Republic of Poland.

Once the RZD JSC has received a positive response from the Chinese consignor, it will inform the OSJD Committee and the railways involved in this traffic. The railways will assign their responsible coordinators on this project and provide their contact information to the main performer and OSJD Committee.

The meeting participants requested OSJD Committee to send a request to the KZD to consider the issue of transition from the test mode of application of the CIM/SMGS consignment note to the full accession to Annex 6 "CIM/SMGS Consignment Note Manual" to SMGS.

The meeting considered and agreed the modifications in Leaflet R 421 "Rules for the use of general-purpose large-containers for international railway services".

The main performer KZH presented information on the progress of work as to Projects "Planning and organisation of container trains in the Northern corridor of the Trans-Asian railway" and "Operationalization of Eurasian routes with the focus on the landlocked countries of Asia and the Caucasian region" (stage III).

Container traffic was organised on all the specified routes of the Northern corridor of the Trans-Asian railway, except for transportation from Busan port (Republic of Korea) to Europe due to the lack of connection with the RZD network. According to UBZD, in 2014 and as of April 2015, 18 transit container trains were organised in traffic Asia - Europe - Asia, including:

- in February 2014, from Germany to PRC on the route Hamburg - Brest - Naushki -Ulan Bator - Zamyn Uud - Erlian - Zheng-zhou (1 train);

- in May - November 2014, from PRC to Poland on the route Chengdu - Erlian -Zamyn Uud - Suhe Bator - Naushki - Brest -Lodz (6 trains);

- in January - April 2015, from PRC to Germany on the route Zhengzhou - Erlian -Zamyn Uud - Suhe Bator - Naushki - Brest -Hamburg (9 trains) and from Germany to PRC on the route Hamburg - Brest - Naushki -Ulan Bator - Zamyn Uud - Erlian - Zheng-zhou (2 trains).

Within 2014 and 5 months of 2015, 2476 container trains were organised on the territory of Kazakhstan, including those organised in traffic Europe - Asia - Europe. Besides, a pilot container train was organised on the route China - Kazakhstan - Russia - Georgia.

The KZH informed the participants on the planned launch of container trains on the route China - Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan and China -Kazakhstan - Azerbaijan - Georgia - Turkey with the participation of railway and maritime transport.

The OSJD Committee informed on the participation in the meeting of the ad hoc working group on facilitation of international railway traffic (12-13 March 2015, Bangkok city), and that the UNESCAP was interested in cooperation expansion and implementation of the joint OSJD/ UNESCAP projects.

In view of the growing interest in mutual trade between the countries of Southeastern and Central Asia, Caucauses and Europe, the meeting participants considered it reasonable to continue work in conjunction with the UNESCAP for higher effectiveness of freight traffic between the said regions in order to attract additional volumes of goods on railway transport and provide seamless transportation.


 

Meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement concerning improvement of ETT Agreement and ETT updating

фото ЕТТ

 

Meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the ETT (Uniform Rail Transit Tariff) Agreement devoted to the improvement of the ETT Agreement and the ETT updating was held in the OSJD Committee premises in the period from 5 through 8 May 2015 involving the representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement - railways of Azerbaijan, Belarus, Vietnam, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Moldova, Mongolia, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Estonia, as well as a representative of the OSJD Committee.

The agenda included the following issues:

- information regarding the decisions made by the XXX-th meeting of the Conference of General Directors (Authorised Representatives) of OSJD railways (20-24 April 2015, Prague, Czech Republic);

- progress in implementation of the decisions, taken by the meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement (13-16 May 2014, Batumi, Georgia);

- consideration of proposals put by the Parties to the ETT Agreement in regard to the ETT Agreement improvement (modifications and amendments);

- consideration of proposals put by the Parties to the ETT Tariff in regard to the ETT Tariff updating, including those relating to the comprehensive amendments and modifications into the SMGS Agreement coming into effect since 1 st July 2015 (introduction of modifications and amendments);

- matching of classification in the ETT Tariff with the GNG updated list of goods (Harmonised Commodity Code, version of 2015) according to the proposals of the Parties to the ETT Agreement.

The Chairperson of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic informed about the implementation of the decisions stipulated in the Protocol of the meeting of representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement which was held on 13-16 May 2014 in the city of Batumi (Georgia). Following the results of the previous meeting, the OSJD Committee, being a ETT Agreement depositary, declared the agreed modifications into the ETT Agreement and ETT Tariff, identified as 9D and 55 respec­tively, to come into effect since October 1, 2014.

In pursuance of clauses 4.4 and 4.5 of the Protocol of the previous meeting as regards the proposals of EVR concerning the goods transport in tank containers, and those of KZH concerning charges for wagon washing and disinfection, the meeting participants considered these proposals and agreed upon corresponding modifications and amendments into the ETT Tariff.

Meeting participants also considered the writing proposals, received from the Parties to the ETT Agreement - the railways of Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia and Ukraine, regarding the ETT updating, as well as the proposals received from Mongolia and Uzbekistan during the meeting, having accordingly approved the agreed modifications and amendments into the ETT Tariff.

The meeting participants were informed, that according to article 11 of the ETT Agreement, the OSJD Committee being a depositary of the ETT Agreement, published the updated texts of the ETT Agreement and the ETT Tariff as of 1st January 2015 and sent by one certified copy of them and in electronic form to all the Parties to the ETT Agreement, concerned OSJD observers and affiliated enterprises.

During the meeting the Parties to the ETT Agreement considered the proposals concerning the ETT Agreement improvement, which had been received in advance from the railways of Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia and Ukraine, as well as the proposals, received during the meeting from the railways of Mongolia and Uzbekistan. Corresponding agreed modifications and amendments into the ETT Agreement were accepted.

The agreed modifications and amendments into the Agreement will come into effect since October 1, 2015 in case no objections are received from the Parties of the ETT Agreement - the railways of Bulgaria and China, which representatives didn't participate in the meeting, till August 5, 2015.

The meeting participants were informed that according to clause 1, article 7 of the ETT Agreement and on the basis of formal notices from AZ, KZH, LDZ and UZ, amendments and modifications were made into the ETT transit distances tables, declared by the OSJD Committee being the depositary of the ETT Agreement in accordance with the prescribed order.

At the meeting the Parties to the ETT Agreement considered the proposals relating to the ETT updating which had been received from the railways of Kazakhstan, Latvia, Russia and Ukraine, as well as the proposals which were received from the railways of Mongolia and Uzbekistan during the meeting. The agreed amendments and modifications were.

The amendments and modifications into the ETT Tariff agreed at the meeting will come into effect as of 1 st October 2015 in case no objec­tions are received till 5th August 2015 from the Parties to the ETT Agreement - the railways of Bulgaria and China which representatives didn't participate in the meeting.

The meeting participants decided that in connection with the comprehensive amendments and modifications into the SMGS Agreement, coming into effect as of 1st July 2015, the ETT provisions (edition as of 1 st January 2015) are to be applied for carriage charges calculation in the period from 1 st July 2015 through 30th September 2015:

- goods in wagons - for wagonload shipments;

- goods in containers - for container shipments;

- goods in Intermodal Transport Units (ITU) (except containers) and motor vehicles - for contrailer shipments.

In connection with the appeals being received from the railway transport customers, the meeting invited the Parties to the ETT Agreement to exchange information concerning the handling operations performed by the carriers as part of the customs inspections of the carried goods, in compliance with clause 3, Section IX "Additional charges and other defrayals" for the purpose of discussing this matter at the next meeting.

In accordance with the decision of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic's meeting on "Improvement and Updating of the Harmonised Commodity Code (GNG)" and "Creation of the List of Freight Stations of the OSJD Railways" (24-27 March 2015, Sochi, Russian Federation), the meeting have agreed upon carriage duties to be calculated for new GNG code 99200000 "Railway wagons, as transport units for carrying the persons (conductors) accompanying the cargo" through 1 st October 2015 incompliance with the provisions of ETT para. 38 "Freight rates for the transportation in private freight wagons and in leased wagons of a railway".

The meeting approved the amendments into footnote "b" (б) of the GNG text in the following edition:

"b (б) - Carriage duties are calculate in accordance with para. 31 "Carriage charges for transportation of goods by container shipments" of the ETT Tariff".

It was also agreed to introduce since 1 st October 2015 amendments and modifications into the text of footnotes "a" (a) and "b" (б) of GNG in the following edition: - "a (a) - Carriage duties are calculate in accordance with para. 22 "Carriage charges for transportation of goods in wagons which do not belong to the carrier" of Section III "Calculation and collection of carriage duties" of the ETT Tariff";

- "b (б) - Carriage duties are calculate in accordance with para. 16 "Carriage charges for transportation of goods in containers and for transportation of empty containers" of Section III "Calculation and collection of carriage duties" of the ETT Tariff".

The meeting has agreed to include further works into the draft Work Plan of the OSJD Commission on Freight Traffic to be performed in 2016 in order to improve the ETT Agreement and to update the ETT Tariff.

According to the information of the head of delegation of the JSC 'Kazakstan temir Zholy' National Company the next meeting of the representatives of the Parties to the ETT Agreement is to be organised in May 2016 in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Meeting participants were informed about the notification from the JSC Kazakstan temir Zholy National Company to establish on the KZH network the tariff rates for the additional duties and charges since 1st January through 31st December 2015 calculated in accordance with ETT and MTT Tariffs.


 

Elaboration and implementation of comprehensive measures to facilitate rail traffic and develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors

Малдова

 The above headline was the main subject of discussion at the conference of experts, representing the OSJD commission on transport policy and development strategy. The event was held in Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova, from 07 to 10 of April, 2015, attended the delegates from OSJD member countries, such as the Republic of Bulgaria, Hungary, Georgia, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Romania, Ukraine, the Republic of Estonia, as well as experts from PLASKE JSC, an affiliated member of OSJD and its Committee.

Mr. Serghey Tomsa, Acting General Director of Railway of Moldova State Company, greeted the participants in his welcoming speech. He highlighted the importance of further deepening of co-operation within the OSJD and elaborated on the functioning of OSJD corridors Nos. 5 and 12 that run through the Republic of Moldova.

The conference's agenda included the following items:

- progress in the implementation of the Comprehensive Plans to Facilitate Rail Traffic and Develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors Nos. 9, 12, and 13 up to 2020;

- further development of the Action Plan in support of the Memorandums of Co-operation in Technical, Operational and Commercial Development of OSJD Corridors Nos. 1-13, which includes:

  • meetings between member countries of OSJD traffic corridors Nos. 12 and 13 on implementation of the Memorandums;
  • exploring the possibility of connecting new lines to operating OSJD traffic corridors;
  • monitoring compliance of the technical and operational certificates of OSJD rail transport corridors Nos. 1-4.

The Chair of the conference and the leading experts from Moldova and Lithuania informed the conference participants on the progress in implementing the Comprehensive Plans to Facilitate Rail Traffic and Develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors to 2020.

The experts deemed it appropriate to present the updated data of the Comprehensive Plans for OSJD corridors Nos. 9, 12, 13 to the annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy (6-9 October 2015, the OSJD Committee) for approval, and to monitor the progress of the Comprehensive Plans to Facilitate Rail Traffic and Develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors to 2020 in the following succession:

- 2016, OSJD corridors Nos. 1, 2, 3;

- 2017, OSJD corridors Nos. 5, 7, 10;

- 2018, OSJD corridors Nos. 4, 6, 8, 11.

On the sidelines of the conference a meeting was held between the countries participating in OSJD Rail Transport Corridors Nos. 12 and 13, to discuss the implementation of the Memorandums.

The following topics were addressed:

  1. Progress in the implementation of the Memorandums of Co-operation in Technical, Operational and Commercial Development of OSJD Corridors.
  2. Proposals on the implementation of Memorandums.

The Republic of Lithuania argued that the co-ordination authority should focus on such activities as analysis of the rail infrastructure performance at border crossings, and drafting a general plan for the improvement and development of such infrastructure. It was noted that the key elements of the Comprehensive Plan for the development of the corridors needs to be reviewed and followed to ensure balanced development of the corridors' connection sections.

The Republic of Belarus expressed its opinion that the functions of managing the transport corridors and coordinating approaches to their development should be retained by the OSJD Committee, in particular by the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy.

A delegate from the Republic of Lithuania delivered a presentation on the proposed setup of a Coordination Authority (CA) for OSJD Rail Transport Corridor No. 13. The presentation suggested a two-phase approach to set up the CA. In phase one, three experts teams would be instituted for the Corridor, which would consist of experts in passenger transport, freight traffic, and infrastructure. The experts would represent the member countries of the Corridor. These teams would explore the current status and make projections for the future of the freight and passenger traffic, and infrastructural development needs. As soon as this effort is complete, the teams would present their proposals for the development of the Corridor. This work should ideally engage interested financial institutions and other key players in the market.

Once the proposals have been agreed and accepted, a decision on the feasibility of the CA would be made. In the course of the discussion, the delegation of the Russian Federation supported the Lithuanian delegation's proposals.

The meeting of experts, upon discussion of the Lithuanian proposal on the setup of a CA for OSJD Corridor No. 13, decided to request OSJD member countries to consider replication of this approach regarding all OSJD corridors.

Meeting participants were informed that the OSJD Committee had received proposals from the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Republic of Moldova on potential addition of new lines to OSJD rail transport corridors.

The Republic of Kazakhstan proposed the following additions:

- the new line Iletsk - Kandyagash - Nikel-tau - Tobol as branch of OSJD rail transport corridor No.2;

- the new Zhetygen - Altynkol line as branch of OSJD rail transport corridor No. 5.

The representative of Kazakhstan also updated the meeting on newly built railway lines and railway lines still under construction in his country.

The Republic of Moldova put forward a proposal, supported by OSJD Corridor No. 12 member countries and Ukraine, to extend OSJD corridor No. 12 through Moldova, from Okniţa station to Valcineţ station, and then through Ukraine to Zhmerynka station, on condition that the existing carrying capacity of the Ukrainian section of the corridor will remain unchanged at the current stage.

The meeting of experts moved that respective amendments be approved with regard to OSJD corridor No. 12 at the annual meeting of the OSJD Commission on Transport Policy and Development Strategy (6-9 October 2015, OSJD Committee).

The Chair of the conference and leading experts from the Russian Federation, the Republic of Kazakhstan and Ukraine informed the conference participants on the ongoing monitoring of technical and operational certificates of OSJD Rail Transport Corridors Nos. 1-4.

The participants in the conference were informed that, following the decision made by a meeting of engineering and IT experts (STEI, 16-18 September, 2014, OSJD Committee), a consolidated bibliography on the topic 'Facilitation of rail traffic and development of OSJD railway transport corridors' had been compiled. The consolidated bibliography had been compiled by the Technical Information Centre of Lithuanian Railways JSC based on materials received from a number of STEI centres working in different countries. The bibliography comprises articles on the topic published over the 2012-2014 period. The bibliography is complete with brief annotations. The meeting of experts noted the consolidated materials and stated that those materials, together with statistical data on freight volumes carried on OSJD corridors, should be used in updating the technical and operational certificates of OSJD corridors and the Comprehensive Plans to Facilitate Rail Traffic and Develop OSJD Railway Transport Corridors through to 2020.

A representative of PLASKE JSC provided meeting participants with information on the14-th International Transport Week events in Odessa 3-5 June 2015 (Ukraine) which would include InterTransport 2015 exhibition and conference, International Freight Forwarders' Day, a UNECE workshop on the Single Window concept, various transport-related conferences and roundtable discussions.


 

Meeting on coordination of rail freight traffic volumes

фото Пекин 

 

On 30 March - 03 April, 2015, Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, hosted the meeting of the representatives of railways and international trade organisations from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Kazakhstan, People's Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia, and the Russian Federation to coordinate the volumes of export, import, and transit goods to be carried by rail in 2015, and the measures to provide the agreed volumes.

The subjects reviewed by the meeting are important not only for the participating railways but for the OSJD as a whole, since they have a bearing on the organisation of freight traffic at the international level. This was highlighted by Mr Chen Jiongming, Director of the International Co-operation Department of Chinese Railways, in his welcoming address. He also elaborated on the current efforts aimed at further development of international freight traffic and expressed his hope of continued co-operation to increase the volumes of freight traffic, noting the growth of container and contrailer modes in international traffic.

The meeting's agenda included the following items:

- tally the results achieved in 2014 in terms of volumes of international trade freight;

- co-ordinate and agree the volumes of export, import, and transit freight for 2015 and their distribution by quarters and types of freight for each border crossing;

- develop technical and administrative measures in support of the agreed

freight traffic volumes for 2015; and other subjects.

12 subgroups were set up to address the agenda items.

The delegations from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People's Republic of China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia and the Russian Federation (hereinafter, the Parties) informed each other on meeting the goals of international trade freight traffic volume, and on administrative and technical measures implemented in support of these goals. In their presentations, the delegates provided the following estimates:

- DPRK-Russia

The volume of freight traffic from Russia to the DPRK in 2014 was 120% of the 2013 volume. The main reason of underperformance in meeting the targets in volumes was failure on the part of consignors to present the freight for carriage from the DPRK to Russia.

- Russia - China

The volume of international trade freight traffic from Russia to China in 2014 was 83% of the 2013 volume. The volumes of international trade freight traffic headed from China to Russia in 2014 stood at 87% of their 2013 values.

- Russia - Mongolia

In 2014, the freight traffic volume from Russia to Mongolia amounted to 94% of its 2013 value. From Mongolia to Russia, the transportation volume in 2014 was 106% on 2013.

- China - Mongolia

Compared to 2013, international trade freight traffic from China to Mongolia was 85.4%, and transportation in the reverse direction, 101.1% in 2014.

- Russia — Mongolia — China

Agreed transportation of international trade freight traffic from Russia and European countries to China via Mongolia in 2014 amounted to 113% of 2013. In the reverse direction, traffic was 144.6% against 2013.

- China — Vietnam

In 2014, China to Vietnam freight traffic volume was 86% of 2013. From Vietnam to China, 41.6% of the 2013 volume was transported in 2014. The volume of freight traffic from Vietnam via China to third countries summed up to 2,400 tonnes in 2014.

- Kazakhstan — China

In 2014, the volume of freight traffic from Kazakhstan to China shank by 32% against 2013. From China to Kazakhstan, 9% less freight was carried in 2014 compared to 2013.

- Russia — Kazakhstan — China

The volume of transportation from Russia via Kazakhstan to China saw a 32% increase in 2014 against the 2013 value. From China to Russia via Kazakhstan, 24% less freight was transported in 2014 than in 2013.

The Parties agreed the volumes of transportation of export, import, and transit freight for 2015, distributing them by quarters, border crossings, and types of freight. For the purpose of consistency in designating freight items during co-ordination of monthly transportation plans, the Parties agreed upon a nomenclature of export, import, and transit freight types.

In reviewing contracts for freight traffic above the volumes agreed for 2015, the possibility of such transportation will be reviewed and determined by the railways in a procedure for reconciliation of their monthly operational plans, and in view of the throughput capacity of border crossings.

The Parties harmonized their administrative and technical measures in support of the 2015 plans for the volumes of transportation of export, import, and transit freight.

The head of the Russian delegation confirmed Russia's preparedness to host, in the February-March of 2016 timeframe, a meeting to agree the volumes of transportation of export, import, and transit freight between the railways, with participation of international trade organisations from Vietnam, Kazakhstan, China, the DPRK, Mongolia, and Russia, and to develop technical and administrative measures to support the agreed freight traffic volumes for 2016.

The Parties also exchanged requests, comments, and suggestions aimed at increasing the volume of international freight traffic and improving the quality of service at border crossings and commercial services supporting the targeted freight traffic volumes.

The meeting approved the addition to the OSJD Commission's Work Plan for freight traffic in 2016 of efforts in the topical area of 'Co-ordination of freight volumes in export, import, and transit transportation by interested railways, with participation of international trade organisations, and measures in support of such volumes.


 

Abschlussberatung der Ständigen Arbeitsgruppe der OSShD für Kodierung und Informatik

фото сов.
   ПРГ КИ

Auf der Abschlussberatung der StAG KI, die vom 18. bis 20. November 2014 im Komitee der OSShD stattfand, wurden die Entwürfe des Arbeitsplans für 2015 und des Arbeitsprogramms der Gruppe für 2016 und die Folgejahre behandelt und abgestimmt sowie die Ergebnisse bei der Erfüllung des Arbeitsplans der StAG KI im Jahr 2014 zu folgenden Themen diskutiert:

- Kodierung und Informatik,

- Papierloses Abfertigungsverfahren der Gütertransporte im internationalen Eisenbahnverkehr,

- Sicherheit der Informationsressourcen und der Informations- und Telekommunikationsinfrastruktur,

- Informationsseitige Begleitung des Güter- und Personenverkehrs - Technische Spezifikationen für die Interoperabilität (TAF TSI und TAP TSI),

- Internetseite der OSShD.

In Hinblick auf die Aktualisierung der gemeinsamen OSShD/UIC-Merkblätter und die Anpassung der UIC-Merkblätter an die Bedingungen der Eisenbahnen der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer wurden behandelt:

- Merkblatt O 428-1 „Internationales Richtpunktverfahren für die Beförderung von Gütern im Wagenladungsverkehr",

- R 910-1 „Empfehlungen zur Form des Wagennachweises und Anleitung zum Ausfüllen bei der Wagenübergabe zwischen den OSShD-Bahnen" - es wurde beschlossen, die Arbeiten bis zur Bestätigung der endgültigen Fassung der Vorschriften für die Benutzung von Güterwagen (PGW) auszusetzen.

Arbeiten zur Vereinheitlichung der Versandnummer im SMGS-Frachtbrief

Die Teilnehmer der Expertenberatung im April 2014 machten sich mit den von der Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht ausgearbeiteten Unterlagen in Bezug auf die Revision des SMGS vertraut und gelangten zu der Schlussfolgerung, dass:

• gegenwärtig entsprechend den neuen Güterbeförderungsvorschriften, die im Zusammenhang mit der Revision des SMGS erarbeitet werden, die Abfertigung mit einem einheitlichen Frachtbrief in der angegebenen Form vorzunehmen ist.

• in den Erklärungen zum Ausfüllen des Frachtbriefs (Artikel 8 der Vorschriften) darauf hinge­wiesen wird, dass Feld 29 „Sendung Nr." vom Beförderer ohne detaillierte Mengenangabe der Positionen auszufüllen ist.

• im neuen SMGS-Frachtbriefvordruck das Feld „Sendung Nr." abweichend von der vorherigen Fassung des SMGS, in der das Feld in 6 Positionen für die Versandnummer unterteilt war, nicht strukturiert ist.

Ausgehend davon wird für Feld 29 ein strukturiertes Ausfüllen entsprechend der von der StAG KI unterbreiteten Formulierung („die Versandnummer soll maximal 8 numerische Zeichen enthalten") vorgeschlagen. Im entgegengesetzten Fall, Benützung von automatisierten Systemen und gegenseitige Informationsunterstützung der Beförderer unmöglich sind, weil Informationsbearbeitung in Computer angesichts des Fehlens der unifizierten Nummer kompliziert sich.

Die Teilnehmer der Expertenberatung im Oktober 2014 informierten sich über das Schreiben des Spezialisten der StAG KI an die II. Kommission der OSShD und den Standpunkt der Beratung der ZAG zur Revision des SMGS und erörterten die Mitteilung des Komitees der OSShD vom 26.08.2014, dass ab 01.07.2015 Änderungen und Ergänzungen zu den Texten des SMGS und der DV zum SMGS wirksam werden, wobei sie darauf hinwiesen, dass diese Dokumente keine Erläuterungen zum Ausfüllen des SMGS-Frachtbriefs einschließlich des Feldes „Versandnummer" enthalten. In diesem Zusammenhang werden seitens der Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht Erläuterungen zum Ausfüllen des SMGS-Frachtbriefs sowie die Vereinheitlichung der Angaben des SMGS-Frachtbriefs bis zum Inkrafttreten der „Änderungen und Ergänzungen zum SMGS

und zur DV SMGS" verlangt.

Die Beratung stellte fest, dass anderenfalls die Nutzung automatisierter Systeme und der Informationsaustausch zwischen den Beförderern problematisch wird, da die rechnergestützte Datenverarbeitung aufgrund fehlender Forderungen an die Strukturierung der Daten beim Ausfüllen aller Felder des SMGS-Frachtbriefs erschwert wird.

Zusammenarbeit mit der UIC

Im Mai 2014 fand die 68. Sitzung der Gemeinsamen OSShD/UIC-Gruppe für Kodierung und Informatik statt, an der Vertreter von 14 Unternehmen teilnahmen. Die Gruppe behandelte folgende, die gemeinsame Arbeit betreffende Themen:

• Informationen der UIC über strukturelle Änderungen und die Fortsetzung der Zusammenarbeit zwischen UIC und OSShD im Bereich Kodierung und Informatik,

• Verzeichnis der Koordinatoren für die gemeinsamen UIC/OSShD-Merkblätter (Aktualisierung),

• Information über die Herausgabe aktualisierter gemeinsamer UIC/OSShD-Merkblätter,

• Aktualisierung der gemeinsamen UIC/OSShD- Merkblätter im Stadium der Ausarbeitung,

• Information der UIC über den Status der Daten der Dienstobjekte in der Datenbank ENEE und der Einheitlichen Informationsdatenbank (CRD),

• Behandlung der Vorschläge der UZ für die mögliche Abbildung der Spurweite im Abschnitt „Grenzübergänge" der Einheitlichen Informationsdatenbank (CRD),

• Kodierung der Güterbahnhöfe in Übereinstimmung mit den im DIUM angeführten Informationsdaten für die Objekte (zusätzliche Objektcodes).

Zusammen mit der UIC wurde im Rahmen des gemeinsamen Projekts RICS an der Zuweisung von vierstelligen Codes auf Antrag der Eisenbahnverkehrsunternehmen gearbeitet. Auf der Internetseite der OSShD sind in der Rubrik „Dokumente und Merkblätter" Dokumente in zwei Sprachen abgelegt, die u. a. die wichtigsten Regeln für die Kodierung der Eisenbahnverkehrsunternehmen gemäß Merkblatt O 920-1 enthalten. Die Teilnehmer der Expertenberatung behandelten im Oktober das aktualisierte Verzeichnis der Koordinatoren für die gemeinsamen UIC/OSShD-Merkblätter unter Berücksichtigung der eingegangenen Vorschläge und vereinbarten seine Weitergabe zur Veröffentlichung bei der UIC und auf der Internetseite der OSShD.

Auf der Internetseite der OSShD sind seit dem 13. Januar 2014 unter der Rubrik „Dokumente und Merkblätter" aktualisierte Angaben in der Liste „Infrastrukturbetreiber und sonstige an Eisenbahnbeförderungen beteiligte Unternehmen gemäß RICS (mit Stand vom 29.08.2014)" mit Benennungen in russischer Sprache zu finden. Die Angaben in dieser Liste werden entsprechend dem Beschluss der StAG KI aus dem Jahr 2010 jährlich aktualisiert. Die korri­gierte Liste wurde abgestimmt, auf der Internetseite der OSShD veröffentlicht und an die UIC zur weiteren Verwendung der Angaben bei der nächsten Aktualisierung der „List of codes 4N" und der Liste der Unternehmenscodes im Januar 2015 gesandt.

Die Abschlussberatung der StAG KI nahm die Information über den Verlauf der Zusammenarbeit zur Kenntnis und billigte die geleistete gemeinsame Arbeit von OSShD und UIC. Ihre Fortführung im Jahr 2015 wird für notwendig erachtet.

Im Rahmen des Themes „Papierloses Abfertigungsverfahren der Gütertransporte im internationalen Eisenbahnverkehr'" wurde das Merkblatt O 920-11 „Einheitliche numerische Kodierung von Informationen über die im Ausland an den verschiedenen Teilen der Güterwagen entstandenen Schäden" behandelt. Die Umsetzung der Projekte zur informationsseitigen Begleitung des internationalen Eisenbahngüterverkehrs mit den Daten des SMGS-Frachtbriefs, den Daten des CIM/SMGS-Frachtbriefs und den Angaben über den Zug wurde weiter vorangetrieben. Vorschläge zur Verwendung von elektronischen Dokumenten mit digitaler Signatur bei der informationsseitigen Begleitung von Gütertransporten im internationalen Verkehr wurden erarbeitet. Hervorzuheben ist, dass im Zusammenhang mit der Vorbereitung auf die Einführung der Pflicht zur Übermittlung von Vorabinformation an die Zollorgane der Staaten der Zollunion ab 1. Oktober 2014 die Aktualisierung der OSShD-Merkblätter O+R 943 und O+R 944 einen wichtigen Platz einnahm. Hierfür wurden die elektronischen Meldungen INVOICE und IFTMIN entsprechend den Angaben der Begleitdokumente „Invoice" bzw. „Packliste" aktualisiert. Die Expertenberatung prüfte im April 2014 die Vorschläge der LDZ zur Vereinheitlichung der Daten und Struktur der INVOICE-Meldung für die Vorabinformation an die Beförderer der Zollunion über Güter, die über die Grenze verbracht werden. Die Abschlussberatung der StAG KI stimmte dem Vorschlag der RZD AG zu, in der IFTMIN-Meldung die ersten 9 Begleitdokumente im Segment mit der Nummer 1.00.DOC darzustellen und für die übrigen die Segmentgruppe 13 im Element 2.13.DOC im Zyklus der Gruppe 11 zu wiederholen. Des Weiteren wurde dem Vorschlag der RZD AG zur Ergänzung des Merkblattes O+R 944 für Datenelemente zugestimmt.

Zusammenarbeit mit dem CIT

Auf der Grundlage der Vereinbarung der OSShD mit dem CIT fanden im Rahmen der Expertenberatungen im April und Oktober 2014 zwei Sitzungen der gemeinsamen „Technischen Gruppe zur Aktualisierung der technischen Spezifikationen des Frachtbriefs CIM/SMGS"' statt. Auf der Sitzung vom 3. April 2014 wurde über die Arbeiten zur Überprüfung und Aktualisierung der funktionalen, rechtlichen und technischen Spezifikationen informiert. Diskutiert wurden Fragen des Konverters und andere technische Lösungen für den Datenaustausch mit dem Meldungsformat EDIFACT - XML. Die Diskussion erfolgte ausgehend von den auf der 18. Beratung der Steuergruppe CIM/SMGS erarbeiteten Unterlagen:

• Vorgelegt wurde eine Datenliste von RAILDATA für den Vergleich der Struktur der Daten, die für das CIM in der Meldung CIM/SMGS - EDIFACT relevant sind.

• Der Vorschlag der RZD AG, die Meldung nach dem Standard EDIFACT unter Nutzung der XML-Syntax zu verwenden, wurde geprüft.

Die Experten unterstrichen, dass sich die CIM-Bahnen in der Projektphase mit den technischen Spezifikationen CIM/SMGS-ECN einverstanden erklärt haben, die die Grundlage der bei den SMGS-Bahnen eingeführten EDIFACT-Meldung bilden und auf der Internetseite des CIT zu finden sind. Vor diesem Hintergrund wurde der Wunsch geäußert, dass sich auch die Beschreibung der XML-Meldung für den CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief, nach der diese durchgeführt wird, hinsichtlich der Struktur (Feldlänge usw.) an den gemeinsam erarbeiteten und abgestimmten Dokumenten orientiert, um:

• auf Projektebene das Ziel kontinuierlicher technischer Spezifikationen für den elektronischen Frachtbrief CIM/SMGS sicherzustellen,

• die Arbeiten der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe in angemessener Zeit abzuschließen,

• den interessierten CIM-Beförderern die Dokumente zu übergeben, die für die Kommunikation unter Verwendung des Meldungsformats XML notwendig sind,

• und es wurde vereinbart, dass RAILDATA ausgehend von den aktuellen technischen RAILDATA-Spezifikationen die Beschreibung der XML-Meldung für den elektronischen CIM/ SMGS-Frachtbrief liefert.

Aus Sicht der CIM-Bahnen, die das System ORFEUS nutzen, bedeutet dieses Vorgehen gegenüber der Variante, die vorhandenen CIM-Datenfelder mit den entsprechenden Ergänzungen durch die SMGS-Felder zu nutzen, eine zusätzliche finanzielle Belastung.

Hierbei besteht die Gefahr, dass viele Bahnen, die das System ORFEUS nutzen und sich nur in geringem Maße an Beförderungen mit dem CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief beteiligen, der Einführung und Verwendung des elektronischen SIM/SMGS-Frachtbriefs keine Priorität mehr einräumen. Zwei mögliche Lösungsansätze wurden erörtert. Erstens, bei der der Verwendung des elektronischen Frachtbriefs sollen nur jene Begleitdokumente zugelassen werden, die auf der jeweiligen rechtlichen Grundlage erstellt und elektronisch weitergegeben werden können. Insbesondere seitens der CIM-Bahnen ergibt sich die Frage, inwieweit sich ein derartiges Vorgehen negativ auf die Wahrnehmung des elektronischen CIM/SMGS-Frachtbriefs durch die Kunden und seine Verbreitung auswirkt.

Vorgestellt wurde das bei RAILDATA diskutierte Procedere, das auf die Bearbeitung von gescannten Begleitdokumenten gerichtet ist. Diese Vorgehensweise kann jedoch nur in Bezug auf gescannte Papiere angewandt werden und setzt die Nutzung eines zentralen Systems voraus. Die Diskussion über die Begleitdokumente wird innerhalb der Gruppe weitergeführt.

UZ und RAILDATA stimmen untereinander den Termin für die Präsentation des von der UZ genutzten Konverters EDIFACT<>XML ab.

Auf der Sitzung vom 2. Oktober 2014 wurden zum Tagesordnungspunkt „Aktueller Stand der Arbeiten bei der Umsetzung des elektronischen CIM/SMGS-Frachtbriefs im Meldungsformat XML" Folgendes erörtert:

• Auf der 3. Sitzung der Gruppe im April 2014 kam es zu einer Vereinbarung mit RAILDATA über den Beginn der Arbeiten auf der Grundlage der wirksamen technischen Spezifikationen für die Beschreibung der XML-Meldung für den elektronischen CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief.

• Ausgehend von den Ergebnissen der 27. Sitzung der Rechts- und Expertengruppe CIM/SMGS, dass von der Revision des SMGS in Bezug auf den Inhalt des Handbuchs Frachtbrief CIM/SMGS Änderungen zu erwarten sind, die sich unmittelbar auf die funktionalen und technischen Spezifikationen des elektronischen CIM/SMGS-Frachtbriefs auswirken, wurden Anfang Juli 2014 die Arbeiten seitens RAILDATA vorübergehend eingestellt.

Die Experten schlugen vor, die Arbeiten von RAIL-DATA, im Zusammenhang mit der XML-Meldung wieder aufzunehmen, wenn die dafür notwendigen Bedingungen vorliegen.

Bei der Behandlung des Einflusses der Revision des SMGS auf den (elektronischen) CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief wurde Folgendes festgestellt:

• Die Experten gehen davon aus, dass die Auswirkungen der Revision des SMGS vorwiegend mittelfristiger Art sein werden.

• Die Auswirkungen auf den Inhalt des Frachtbriefs sind in der ersten Etappe im Frachtbriefmuster und den entsprechenden Beschreibungen des Handbuchs Frachtbrief CIM/SMGS zu berücksichtigen.

• Danach sind sie in der zweiten Etappe in die funktionalen (und wenn anwendbar - rechtlichen) Spezifikationen bis zum Beginn der Arbeiten der dritten Etappe aufzunehmen.

• In der dritten Etappe erfolgt die Anpassung der technischen Spezifikationen.

Die Durchführung all dieser Arbeiten hat zur Folge, dass sich der Termin für die Fertigstellung der Meldungsbeschreibung XML für den elektronischen CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief dementsprechend verschiebt. Zusätzlich ist eine punktuelle Optimierung der bereits vorhandenen Festlegung der IFTMIN-Meldung erforderlich.

Bei der Behandlung der Fortsetzung der Arbeiten im Zusammenhang mit der XML-Meldung und den Begleitdokumenten / nächste Schritte wurde festgestellt:

• Ausgehend von der Information, dass alle relevanten inhaltlichen Änderungen des SMGS Ende 2014 bekannt sein werden, schlagen die Experten folgende Schritte zur Fortsetzung der Arbeiten vor:

- Parallel zu den Arbeiten am Frachtbrief und am Handbuch Frachtbrief CIM/SMGS ist auf der Sitzung im April 2015 eine überarbeitete Fassung der funktionalen Spezifikationen vorzubereiten.

- Der Entwurf der funktionalen Spezifikationen ist der Rechts- und Expertengruppe CIM/ SMGS im Juli 2015 zur Zustimmung und danach auf Projektebene der Steuergruppe im September 2015 zur Bestätigung vorzulegen.

- Die technische Ad-hoc-Expertengruppe wird sich auf ihrer Sitzung im Oktober 2015 mit folgenden Fragen befassen:

□ Optimierung der technischen Spezifikationen,

□ punktuelle Optimierung der IFTMIN-Meldung,

□ Vorbereitung der endgültigen Version der

XML-Meldung.

Organisation des Austausches elektronischer Frachtpapiere mit digitaler Signatur bei der Durchführung von internationalen Beförderungen zwischen den Eisenbahnen der OSShD-Mitglieds-länder

Im Rahmen dieses Themas arbeiteten die beteiligten Bahnen (BC, LG, RZD AG, UZ) und das angegliederte Unternehmen AED Rail Service an der Umstellung der Beförderung von Leerfahrzeugen und Gütern im bilateralen Verkehr auf rechtlich anerkannte elektronische Frachtpapiere mit digitaler Signatur.

Die Arbeiten betreffen sowohl Beförderungen lokaler Dimension als auch vollumfassende bilaterale internationale Transporte. Auf der letzten Experten­beratung im September 2014 in Trnava (Slowakische Republik) wurden die erzielten Ergebnisse behandelt und die Pläne für die weitere Tätigkeit in dieser Richtung für 2015 und darüber hinaus ausgearbeitet.

Die Abschlussberatung der StAG KI behandelte ebenfalls den Stand

- der Ausarbeitung des Merkblattentwurfs zum Thema „Empfehlungen zur Anwendung des Verfahrens eines bevollmächtigten Dritten für die Gewährleistung der rechtlichen Aussagekraft elektronischer Dokumente im grenzüberschreitenden Verkehr",

- der Vorbereitung der technologischen und technischen Basis für die Einführung und Entwicklung unterschiedlicher Konzepte für die Anerkennung elektronischer Dokumente mit digitalen Signaturen,

- der Aktualisierung der Angebote für die Nutzung der Möglichkeit der vorhandener Baugruppen PEPPOL für die Interaktion der Informationssysteme beim grenzüberschreitenden elektronischen Dokumentenumlauf,

- der Durchführung des Seminars zum Thema „Technische Spezifikationen für die Interoperabilität im internationalen Eisenbahnpersonen- und-güterverkehr (TAF TSI und TAP TSI).

Auf der Grundlage der von der Expertenberatung erarbeiteten Vorschläge vereinbarte die Abschlussberatung der StAG KI folgende Vorschläge, um die Nutzung OSShD-Internetseite weiter zu verbessern:

• die eingestellten Dokumente einschließlich der Merkblätter zu ordnen, nicht mehr aktuelle Merkblätter zu entfernen und aktuelle Merkblätter unverzüglich aufzunehmen,

• die Lesbarkeit von früher erstellten Merkblättern, die nicht in elektronischer Fassung vorliegen (mangelhafte Merkblätter oder deren eingescannten Kopien) zu überprüfen und bei Bedarf neue elektronische Fassungen vorzubereiten,

• die Suchsysteme weiterzuentwickeln.

Die Teilnehmer der Abschlussberatung nahmen eine Information über die Internationale Konferenz ERRIC/IFRC-2015 entgegen, die vom 18. bis 20. März 2015 in Prag (Tschechische Republik) stattfinden wird. Hauptorganisator der Konferenz, die unter der Schirmherrschaft der OSShD und einer Reihe weiterer internationaler Organisationen steht, ist die OLTIS Group als angegliedertes Unternehmen der OSShD (Details unter www.railconference.com).

 

 


 

фото совещ
   резер мест

 

Beratung der Eisenbahnexperten zum Thema „Systeme der Platzreservierung, Informationsbetreuung der Reisenden, Reisendenservice und gegenseitige Abrechnungen für die Beförderungen" 

In dieser Beratung, die vom 4. bis zum 6. März 2014 im Komitee der OSShD stattfand, haben die Vertreter der folgenden Eisenbahnen teilgenommen: BC, MAV GAG, VZD, KRG, LG, CFM, PKP AG, RZD AG, UTI SEAG, UZ, CD AG, sowie des Komitees der OSShD.

Während der Beratung wurden die folgenden Fragen betrachtet:

• Verzeichnis der OSShD/UIC Merkblätter für die Unterbringung auf der OSShD-Webseite mit dem Hinweis der verantwortlichen Eisenbahnen der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer nach jedem Merkblatt;

• Fragen der Reiseorganisation mit den elektronischen Fahrkarten;

• Technologie der Fahrausweise-Abfertigung für den Zug Nr. 9/10 Moskau - Warschau „Polonez" mit dem Hinweis des Gesamtwertes (Fahrkarte + Platzkarte) auf einem Formular;

• Fragen der Informationsbildung und Informationsbearbeitung im Format des Merkblattes 918-1;

• Fragen der Abstimmung der Platznormen für die Abfertigung der Rückabfahrt auf den internationalen Zügen beim Fahrplanwechsel und andere Fragen.

Die Beratung betrachtete den von vorbereiteten Entwurf „Verzeichnis der OSShD/UIC Merkblätter, die die Arbeit zum Thema "Systeme der Platzreservie­rung, Informationsbetreuung der Reisenden, Reisendenservice und gegenseitige Abrechnungen für die Beförderungen" reglementieren, der aufgrund des Katalogs der UIC-Merkblätter, aufgestellt auf der UIC-Webseite, mit dem Stand per Januar 2014 aus­gearbeitet wurde. Die Beratung hat das Verzeichnis vereinbart und bat das Komitee der OSShD, dieses Verzeichnis während der Beratung der OSShD-Kommission für Personenverkehr zu behaupten.

Der Vertreter der Weißrussischen Eisenbahn informierte, dass die Abfertigung der elektronischen Fahrkarten, einschließlich mit der elektronischen Registrierung, immer größere Nachfrage zeigt. Zur Zeit wurde die Dienstleistung der elektronischen Registrierung in allen Zügen der BC während der Fahrt über das Territorium der Republik Belarus, sowie im Verkehr mit LDZ und der RZD AG für die Züge, die nicht im Transit verkehren, eingeführt. Es ist geplant mit der Einführung des neuen Fahrplans der Personenzüge für 2014/2015, die Dienstleistung der elektronischen Registrierung im Verkehr mit LG einzuführen - die Dienstordnung der Wechselwirkung ist in der Vereinbarungsphase.

 Die Anzahl der Fahrkarten mit der elektronischen Registrierung beträgt bis zu 80 Prozent von der Gesamtzahl der Fahrkarten, die über das Internet bezahlt werden. Auf der Grundlage der Analyse der Anträge der Fahrgäste ist es seit Februar 2014 bei der Fahrt auf dem Territorium der Republik Belarus erlaubt, die kleinen Haustiere im Antrag der Bestellung der Fahrkarte mit der elektronischen Registrierung zu berücksichtigen. Das erfolgt auf der Grundlage der letzten sechs Zahlen der Nummer der Bestellung.

Die Vertreter der UZ haben informiert, dass in 2013 die Popularität der Dienstleistung der Abfertigung der Fahrkarten über das Internet vergrößert wurde. In 2013 wurden im Internet 2,1 Mio. Plätze gekauft, das ist 2,2 mal mehr als in 2012 und macht 7,8% des Gesamtvolumens der verkauften Fahrkarten. In Januar-Februar 2014 bildete die Abfertigung im Internet 8,5% des Gesamtvolumens der verkauften Fahrausweise. Außerdem haben die Reisende seit August 2013 die Möglichkeit, über das Internet die Fahrkarten zu stornieren.

Seit Juli 2013 ist der elektronische Fahrkartenverkauf (EPD) für Reisezüge des Binneverkehrs eingeführt. Die Ausstellung der e-Tickets wird auf der Webseite von UZ sowie in 328 Reisezentren mit spezieller Software realisiert (ARM EPD). Bei der Ausstellung bekommt der Fahrgast ein Bording Card, das ein QR Code zur Kontrolle des Einstiegs durch Mobilgeräte für Fahrkartenkontrolle enthält. Die e-Tickets werden für 83 Reisezugpaare des Binnenverkehrs verwendet.

Die RZD AG stellten eine Präsentation über den elektronischen Verkauf der Fahrausweise in der RZD AG/FPC AG im internationalen Verkehr: RZD - LDZ, RZD - BC, RZD - VR, RZD - SNCF.

Seit 15. Dezember 2013 sind die Fahrkarten für den Zug Nr. 10/09 „Polonez" Warschau - Moskau aufgrund der Gesamtpreise (Fahrkarte + Platzkarte) eingeführt. Die RZD AG hat eine Präsentation über die Abfertigung von den Fahrkarten mit dem Hinweis des Gesamtwertes (Fahrkarte + Platzkarte) auf einem Formular, über die Beförderungsbedingungen im Zug „Polonez" und über die Verkaufsorganisation von elektronischen Fahrkarten durch das Internet in Richtung Polen - Russland durchgeführt.

Die RZD AG stellten eine Anfrage an die PKP über die Möglichkeit, eine Informationstechnologie auszuarbeiten, die die Auskunft über die vorhandenen Plätze und den Preis der Fahrkarten im „Polonez"-Zug, der zwischen Polen und Russland verkehrt, geben wird. Diese Technologie ermöglicht den Verkauf von elektronischen Fahrkarten für Verkehr zwischen Polen und Russland zu organisieren und in der nächsten Zukunft die elektronischen Fahrkarten für diesen Zug zuzulassen.

Die RZD AG stellten eine Präsentation „Erstellung und Verarbeitung von Datenelementen gemäß dem Merkblatt Nr. 918-1" dar. Im Material wurden die an dem Element 4 „Tagesnummer im Jahr" und an dem Element Nr. 20 „Zugnummer" vorgenommenen Änderungen im „Express"-System beschrieben. Auch wurde der Entwurf des neuen Datenelementes Nr. 86 „zeitliche Beschränkung der Annullierung von Reservationen" präsentiert. 

 

 


 

 

 

 

фото Грузия 2

Expertenberatung der Kommission der OSShD für Transportpolitik und Entwicklungsstrategie zum Thema: „Erarbeitung und Umsetzung von komplexen Maßnahmen zur Weiterentwicklung der Verkehre und Entwicklung der OSShD-Transportkorridore"

An dieser Beratung, die vom 18. bis 20. Februar 2014 in Tbilissi (Georgien) stattfand, nahmen die Vertreter folgender OSShD-Mitgliedsländer teil: Republik Aserbaidschan, Republik Bulgarien, Ungarn, Georgien, Republik Kasachstan, Litauische Republik, Republik Moldova, Republik Polen, Russische Föderation, Ukraine, Estnische Republik. Vertreten waren ebenfalls die OTIF und das Komitee der OSShD. In seinem Grußwort an die Teilnehmer der Beratung hob der Generaldirektor der Georgischen Eisenbahn AG Mamuka Bakhtadze die Wichtigkeit der im Rahmen der OSShD durchgeführten Arbeiten zum Ausbau der Eisenbahntransportkorridore hervor, die der Weiterentwicklung des Verkehrs auf dem eurasischen Kontinent dienen. Im Verlauf der Beratung wurden folgende Punkte erörtert:

- Ausarbeitung von Komplexplänen zur Weiterentwicklung der Verkehre und zum Ausbau der OSShD-Transportkorridore Nr. 4, 6 und 11 bis 2020

- Vergleichsanalyse der OSShD-Korridore mit den offiziell bestätigten paneuropäischen Verkehrskorridoren (Kreta 1994, Helsinki 1997) und den eurasischen Verkehrskorridoren (St. Petersburg 2000, 2003)

- Prüfung der Möglichkeit, neue Strecken an die OSShD-Eisenbahntransportkorridore anzubinden

- Vorbereitung von Vorschlägen für einen gemeinsamen Aktionsplan zur Umsetzung der Festlegungen des Memorandums über die Zusammenarbeit bei der technischen, betrieblichen und kommerziellen Entwicklung der OSShD-Eisenbahntransportkorridore Nr. 1-13

- Ausarbeitung und Abstimmung des Entwurfs des Arbeitsplans für 2015 und der Entwürfe der Arbeitsprogramme für 2016 und die Folgejahre sowie andere Punkte.

Der Vorsitzende der Beratung und die federführenden Bearbeiter seitens der Republik Bulgarien und der Russischen Föderation informierten die Beratungsteilnehmer über die Komplexpläne zur Weiterentwicklung der Verkehre und zum Ausbau der OSShD-Transportkorridore Nr. 4, 6 und 11 bis 2020. Die Expertenberatung erachtete es für sinnvoll, die Komplexpläne für diese Korridore zur Bestätigung auf der Jahresberatung der Kommission der OSShD für Transportpolitik und Entwicklungsstrategie (14. bis 17. Oktober 2014) vorzulegen.

Die Beratungsteilnehmer nahmen eine Präsentation der Vertreter der OTIF zum Thema „Erleichterung der Eisenbahnbeförderungsbedingungen" zur Kenntnis, in der die Schwerpunkte bei den Arbeiten zur Vereinheitlichung des Eisenbahntransportrechts angesprochen wurden.

Der Vorsitzende der Beratung teilte den Teilnehmern mit, dass beim Komitee der OSShD Vorschläge von der Republik Kasachstan und der Republik Moldova zur Prüfung einer möglichen Anbindung neuer Strecken an die OSShD-Eisenbahntransportkorridore eingegangen sind.

- Die Republik Kasachstan schlug vor, die neue Strecke Iljezk - Kandyagash - Nikeltau - Tobol als Abzweigstrecke des OSShD-Korridors Nr. 2 aufzunehmen.

- Die Republik Moldova schlug vor, die Möglichkeit einer Verlängerung des OSShD-Transport-korridors Nr. 12 auf dem Territorium der Ukraine vom Bahnhof Okniza (Republik Moldova) bis zum Bahnhof Schmerynka (Ukraine) zu prüfen.

Der Vertreter der Republik Kasachstan informierte ebenfalls über neu gebaute und im Bau befindliche Eisenbahnlinien auf dem Gebiet Kasachstans. Im Zusammenhang mit dieser Mitteilung beantragt die Republik Kasachstan die Aufnahme folgender neuer Strecken in das Verzeichnis der internationalen Trans­portkorridore der OSShD zu prüfen:

- Zhetygen - Altynkol als Abzweigstrecke des OSShD-Transortkorridors Nr. 5

- Korgas - Jinghe als Abzweigstrecke des OSShD-Transportkorridors Nr. 5.

Die Expertenberatung empfahl den Mitgliedsländern der OSShD, die Vorschläge der Republik Kasachstan und der Republik Moldova zu prüfen und bat sie, ihre Stellungnahmen zu dieser Frage bis zum 30. Mai 2014 an das Komitee der OSShD zu senden, um einen endgültigen Beschluss auf der Jahresberatung der Kommission der OSShD für Transportpolitik und Entwicklungsstrategie 2014 verabschieden zu können. Den Beratungsteilnehmern wurde mitgeteilt, dass auf der XLI. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD (11. bis 14. Juni 2013, Estnische Republik, Tallinn) die Memoranden über die Zusammenarbeit bei der technischen, betrieblichen und kommerziellen Entwicklung der OSShD-Eisenbahntransportkorridore zu jedem Transportkorridor von den meisten OSShD-Mitgliedsländern für ihr jeweiliges nationales Territorium unterzeichnet worden sind. Die Memoranden waren entsprechend dem Auftrag der XL. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz (5. bis 8. Juni 2012, Baku) erarbeitet und bestätigt worden. Im Zeitraum vom 15. Juni 2013 bis 25. Dezember 2013 erfolgte die Unterzeichnung der Memoranden durch die OSShD-Mitgliedsländer Kirgisische Republik (Korridore Nr. 5, 10), Republik Polen (Korridore Nr. 1, 3, 4, 7 und 13), Republik Bulgarien (Korridore 6, 10 und 12), Islamische Republik Iran (Korridore Nr. 6, 11), Mongolei (Korridor Nr. 1) und Rumänien (Korridore Nr. 6, 10 und 12). Zum jetzigen Zeitpunkt liegen noch keine Unterschriften seitens der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer Slowakische Republik (Korridore Nr. 4, 6), Turkmenistan (Korridore Nr.6, 8 und 10) und Tschechische Republik (Korridore 4, 6) vor.

Unterstützung fand die Auffassung, dass es sinnvoll sei, die Möglichkeit der Ausarbeitung eines Maßnahmenplanes zur Umsetzung der Festlegungen der Memoranden unter Berücksichtigung der Erfahrungen der Europäischen Union und internationaler Organisationen zu prüfen.

Die Beratung erachtete es für sinnvoll, ab 2015 eine Aktualisierung der vorhandenen betriebstechnischen Datenblätter für die OSShD-Transportkorridore Nr. 1 bis 13 in folgender Reihenfolge vorzunehmen:

- 2015 - OSShD-Korridore Nr. 1 bis 4

- 2016 - OSShD-Korridore Nr. 5 bis 8

- 2017 - OSShD-Korridore Nr. 9 bis 13.

Die Beratungsteilnehmer nahmen eine Präsentation des Vertreters der Südkaukasischen Eisenbahn GAG über deren Tätigkeit und Entwicklungspläne entgegen und erhielten Informationen von der ungarischen Delegation über die Konferenz zum Thema „Steigerung der Effizienz transkontinentaler Eisen­bahnverkehre unter Nutzung des Korridors RFC 6", die am 7. Februar 2014 unter der Schirmherrschaft des ungarischen verkehrswissenschaftlichen Vereins (KTE) stattfand.

 


 

 

 

 

 

Gemeinsame Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter der Mitglieder der Ministerkonferenz und der Mitglieder der Konferenz der Generaldirektoren (verantwortlichen Vertreter) der Eisenbahnen der OSShD

фото уполномоченных

 

An der gemeinsamen Beratung, die vom 10. bis 13. Dezember 2013 im Komitee der OSShD stattfand, nahmen die Bevollmächtigten Vertreter der Mitglieder der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD und der Mitglieder der Konferenz der Generaldirektoren (verantwortlichen Vertreter) der Eisenbahnen der OSShD folgender Länder teil: Republik Aserbaidschan, Republik Belarus, Republik Bulgarien, Ungarn, Sozialistische Republik Vietnam, Georgien, Islamische Republik Iran, Republik Kasachstan, Volksrepublik China, Koreanische Demokratische Volksrepublik, Lettische Republik, Litauische Republik, Republik Moldova, Mongolei, Republik Polen, Russische Föderation, Rumänien, Slowakische Republik, Republik Tadschikistan, Republik Usbekistan, Ukraine, Tschechische Republik und Estnische Republik. Anwesend waren ebenfalls die Vertreter der DB AG und der SNCF als Beobachter der OSShD, die eingeladenen Vertreter der UIC und des CCTT sowie die Mitglieder und Mitarbeiter des Komitees der OSShD. Die Beratung eröffnete der Vorsitzende des Komitees der OSShD, Herr Tadeusz Szozda, der die Teilnehmer begrüßte und einen Überblick über die Hauptaufgaben der OSShD im Jahr 2014 gab. Die Beratung prüfte und behandelte die Unterlagen, die von den Arbeitsorganen der OSShD sowie dem Komitee der OSShD erstellt worden waren und die das Komitee der OSShD den Verkehrsministerien und den Eisenbahnen der OSShD zugesandt hatte. Die Tagesordnung umfasste folgende Punkte:

1. Mögliche Zusammenarbeit von OSShD und UIC bei der Erarbeitung von internationalen Eisenbahnstandards der UIC.

2. Arbeitspläne der Arbeitsorgane der OSShD für 2014 und Sitzungskalender der OSShD für 2014.

Die Behandlung der Tagesordnung führte zu folgenden Ergebnissen:

1. Die Beratungsteilnehmer nahmen eine Information des Sekretärs des Komitees der OSShD, Kalman Somodi, über den beim Komitee der OSShD eingegangenen Vorschlag der UIC zur Einbeziehung der Aufgabe „Erarbeitung internationaler Eisenbahnstandards (IES) zu den Clustern Fahrzeuge, Infrastruktur, Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehr und anderer notwendiger IES" in das Programm zur Zusammenarbeit von OSShD und UIC sowie zur Bildung einer UIC/ OSShD-Koordinierungsgruppe für die Umsetzung dieser Aufgabe entgegen.

Der Vertreter der UIC und Spezialist der Standardisierungsplattform stellte in einer Präsentation das Konzept für die Erarbeitung internationaler Eisenbahnstandards auf der Grundlage der gültigen und zu aktualisierenden UIC-Merkblätter vor und ging insbesondere auf den Vorschlag ein, gemeinsam mit der OSShD die Komponente bezüglich der Normen des Bahnsystems 1520 mm für deren Aufnahme in die internationalen Eisenbahnstandards der UIC auszuarbeiten.

Die Beratung stellte fest, dass die Aufnahme von Änderungen in das Programm der Zusammenarbeit zwischen OSShD und UIC sowie die Bildung eines gemeinsamen OSShD/ UIC-Arbeitsorgans in den Zuständigkeitsbereich der Konferenz der Generaldirektoren der Eisenbahnen der OSShD fällt.

In diesem Zusammenhang bat die Beratung das Komitee der OSShD für die Behandlung auf der ordentlichen XXIX. Sitzung der KGD eine entsprechende Vorlage in Zusammenarbeit mit der UIC mit folgendem Inhalt auszuarbeiten:

- Ziel der Arbeiten,

- Machbarkeitsstudie für die Erstellung der IES, Status und internationale Anerkennung der IES,

- Rechte und Pflichten von OSShD und UIC bei der Erstellung der IES,

- Erwartungen/Nutzen für alle Teilnehmer des Eisenbahnmarktes einschließlich der OSShD und UIC,

- Vorgehensweise zur Organisation der Arbeiten,

- Fragen des geistigen Eigentums.

Die Beratung empfahl, bei der Erarbeitung der 1520-mm-Komponente der IES folgende Dokumente zu berücksichtigen:

- die gemeinsamen OSShD/UIC- Merkblätter der Kommission der OSShD für Infrastruktur und Fahrzeuge,

- die Dokumente der OSShD/ERA-Kontaktgruppe,

- die Dokumente der Kommission für technische Fragen des Eisenbahntransportrats der Teilnehmerstaaten der Gemeinschaft Unabhängiger Staaten,

- das Technische Reglement der Zollunion, bestätigt durch Beschluss Nr. 710 der Kommission der Zollunion vom 15. Juli 2011 (seine Bestimmungen sind bei der Konstruktion und Produktion von Fahrzeugen und deren Bauteilen sowie bei der Konformitätsbeurteilung der Erzeugnisse verbindlich):

Die Beratung beschloss:

- die Teilnahme der OSShD an der Erstellung von IES auf der XXIX. Sitzung der KGD behandeln zu lassen,

- den Ergänzungsentwurf zum Vertrag über die Zusammenarbeit zwischen OSShD und UIC (1995) der XXIX. Sitzung der KGD zur Zustimmung vorzulegen,

- Vorschläge zur Durchführung von Arbeiten im Rahmen der OSShD mit Aufnahme dieses Themas in den Arbeitsplan der Kommission der OSShD für Infrastruktur und Fahrzeuge für 2015 zu unterbreiten, eventuell mit Bildung einer Arbeitsgruppe im Rahmen dieser Kommission.

2. Abgestimmt und bestätigt wurden die Arbeitspläne der Arbeitsorgane der OSShD für 2014 und der Sitzungskalender der OSShD für 2014 mit Veröffent­lichung auf der Internetseite der OSShD und in der OSShD-Zeitschrift.

Bei der Behandlung des Arbeitsplans der Kommission der OSShD für Transportpolitik und Entwicklungsstrategie erklärte sich die Delegation des OSShD-Mitgliedslandes China bereit, ab 2015 die Federführung zum Thema „Internationaler Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehr" zu übernehmen.

Besondere Aufmerksamkeit widmete die Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter den umfassenden Änderungen und Ergänzungen im SMGS, die sich aus den Arbeiten zur Revision des SMGS ergeben haben. Gemäß Beschluss der XLI. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD soll die Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht nach erzielter Einstimmigkeit den Änderungen und Ergänzungen des SMGS zustimmen, damit sie bis 2015 in Kraft gesetzt werden können. Auf der Beratung der Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht im November 2013 zu Fragen des SMGS waren diese Änderungen und Ergänzungen nicht von allen SMGS-Teilnehmern gebilligt worden. Da die meisten Delegationen an eine möglichst kurzfristige Einführung des überprüften Textes des SMGS appellieren, erachtet es die Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter für angebracht, die Verabschiedung der umfassenden Änderungen und Ergänzungen im SMGS als gesonderten Tagesordnungspunkt auf der Plenarsitzung der XLII. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD (3. bis 6. Juni 2014 in der Litauischen Republik) zu behandeln. Sollte es auf der XLII. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD zu einem positiven Ergebnis in dieser Frage kommen, spricht sich die Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter für die Durchführung einer eintägigen Beratung der Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht zu Fragen des SMGS während dieser Tagung aus, auf der die umfassenden Änderungen und Ergänzungen im SMGS endgültig vereinbart werden sollen.

Der Vertreter Lettlands wies darauf hin, dass in dem SMGS-Raum eine große Anzahl von Containern gelangt, die bei Eisenbahnen, die nicht den Bestimmungen des SMGS unterliegen, verladen werden, bzw. über den Seeweg oder die Straße eintreffen, wo andere rechtliche und technische Vorschriften gelten. In Anbetracht der Auffassung der Teilnehmer der Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter, dass dieses Dokument für Beförderungen von Containern, die bei Eisenbahnen im Geltungsbereich des SMGS verladen werden, erforderlich ist, fasste die Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter den Beschluss, die ZAG der Kommission der OSShD für Transportrecht zur Ausarbeitung der Anlage 14 „Vorschriften für die Verladung und Befestigung von Gütern auf Wagen und in Containern" zum SMGS bei der Erstellung des Entwurfs für Kapitel 15 der Vorschriften zu beauftragen, sonstige rechtliche und technische Normen, die bei der Verladung von Containern bis zu ihrem Eintreffen bei den Eisenbahnen der Teilnehmerländer des SMGS Anwendung kommen, zu berücksichtigen.

In Übereinstimmung mit den Festlegungen der Gemeinsamem Erklärung über die Entwicklung des eurasischen Eisenbahnverkehrs und die Vereinheitlichung des Eisenbahnrechts, die auf der 75. Tagung des Binnenverkehrsausschusses der UNECE am 26. Februar 2013 auf Ministerebene unterzeichnet wurde, und der damit verbundenen Fortführung der Arbeiten der Expertengruppe des UNECE-Binnenverkehrs-ausschusses zum Einheitlichen Eisenbahnrecht ergab sich die Notwendigkeit, eine erste qualifizierte Analyse und Durchsicht aller zu prüfenden Dokumente, Entwürfe und Vorschläge zwecks Erarbeitung der Standpunkte und Vorschläge der interessierten OSShD-Mitgliedsländer vorzunehmen. Hierfür wird

das Komitee der OSShD den OSShD-Mitgliedsländern die zur Prüfung notwendigen Dokumente, die vom UNECE-Binnenverkehrsausschuss vorbereite­ten wurden, zusenden.

Da für einige Beratungen eine Dauer von 5 Tagen angesetzt ist, erachtet es die Beratung der Bevollmächtigten Vertreter für sinnvoll, den Ablauf der Arbeiten zur Behandlung der einzelnen Punkte im Einladungsschreiben festzulegen, um die jeweiligen Sachverständigen zu den konkreten Terminen entsenden zu können.

Der Spezialist der StAG Kodierung und Informatik teilte mit, dass eine Benutzeranleitung für die Internetseite der OSShD erstellt und veröffentlicht wurde. Diese Ausarbeitung befindet sich ebenfalls auf der OSShD-Seite (http://osjd.org). Die Beratungsteilnehmer wurden über die Arbeiten des CIT zu Fragen der Anwendung des CIV (COTIF) und des SMPS (OSShD) sowie zur Vergleichsanalyse dieser Bestimmungen unterrichtet. In Anbetracht der Tatsache, dass das Komitee der OSShD der Depositar des SMPS ist, erachtet es die Beratung für notwendig, das Komitee der OSShD zu beauftragen, die Bedingungen für die Teilnahme von Vertretern der OSShD an den Arbeiten des CIT zur Anwendung des SMPS und des CIV und die Arbeitspläne hierfür bis zum 31. Mai 2014 zu vereinbaren.

 


 

Besuch beim Komitee der OSShD der Außerordentlichen und Bevollmächtigten Botschafter der Republik Bulgarien in der Republik Polen und Unterzeichnung der Memoranden zu den Eisenbahntransportkorridoren der OSShD

фото Пасол Балгарии

Während der XLI. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz (11.-14. Juni 2013, Estnische Republik) wurden die Memoranden zu den einzelnen Eisenbahntransportkorridoren der OSShD von den mehreren OSShD-Mitgliedsländern für ihre jeweilige nationale Territorien unterzeichnet.

Am 12. Dezember 2013 fand im Komitee der OSShD ein Treffen zwischen Herrn Tadeusz Szozda, Vorsitzender des OSShD-Komitees, und Herrn Vassiliy Takev, Außerordentlichen und Bevollmächtigten Botschafter der Republik Bulgarien in der Republik Polen statt. Während des Treffens hatten die Parteien ihre Meinungen über die Fragen der Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Republik Bulgarien und der OSShD ausgetauscht und die Hoffnung auf ihre Weiterentwicklung zum Ausdruck gebracht.

Im Rahmen des Treffens fand eine Unterzeichnungszeremonie der Memoranden zur Entwicklung der Eisenbahntransportkorridore der OSShD statt. Während dieses Treffens hat Herr Vassiliy Takev mit der Bevollmächtigung der Republik Bulgarien die Memoranden zu den Korridoren Nr. 6, 10 und 12 unterzeichnet. Herr Arfa Ehsan, Mitglied des Komitees der OSShD von IRI unterzeichnete die Memoranden zu den Korridoren Nr. 6 und 11 mit der Bevollmächtigung der Islamischen Republik Iran, und mit der Bevollmächtigung der Mongolei wurde das Memorandum zum Korridor Nr. 1 von Frau Tsevegsuren Altankhuyak, Mitglied des Komitees der OSShD von Mongolei unterschrieben. In der Zeit vom 15. Juni 2013 bis zum 24. Dezember 2013 wurden die Memoranden von den Vertretern der folgenden Mitgliedsländer unterzeichnet: Kirgisische Republik (Korridore Nr. 5, 10), Republik Polen (Korridore Nr. 1, 3, 4, 7, 13) und Rumänien (Korridore Nr. 6, 10 und 12).

 


 

Die Eisenbahntransportkorridore der OSShD

Laut Satzung der OSShD ist der weitere Ausbau der internationalen Eisenbahntransportkorridore vor allem für den Verkehr zwischen Europa und Asien einschließlich des kombinierten Verkehrs eine der Hauptrichtungen in der Tätigkeit der Organisation für die Zusammenarbeit der Eisenbahnen. Die Umsetzung dieser Aufgabe hat große Bedeutung für die Eisenbahnen der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer, deren Betriebslänge gegenwärtig insgesamt 280742 km beträgt.

Im Rahmen der OSShD wird an der Optimierung der Transporte und am Ausbau der Eisenbahntransportkorridore gearbeitet. Experten aller OSShD-Mitgliedsländer sind in diese Arbeiten involviert. Bei der Organisation von Verkehren zwischen Europa und Asien gelten gegenüber den Ländern Westeuropas abweichende rechtliche Regelungen. Die Eisenbahnverbindungen zwischen den Mitgliedsländern der OSShD sind durch eine erhebliche Streckenlänge (von 5000 bis 10000 km und mehr) und zweimaligem Spurwechsel auf dem Laufweg der Züge in einer Richtung (1435 mm/1520 mm/1435 mm) gekennzeichnet.

Im Bereich der OSShD sind 13 Eisenbahntransportkorridore in Betrieb. Geografisch betrachtet umfassen sie praktisch alle OSShD-Mitgliedsländer von West nach Ost und von Nord nach Süd. Ihre Grundlage wurde 1996 gelegt, als die OSShD 13 Hauptrouten für den Eisenbahnverkehr zwischen Europa und Asien ausgehend von den Gütertransporten zwischen den Ländern der beiden Kontinente festlegte. Beim Aufbau des Netzes der Transportkorridore ging man von folgender Definition aus: Ein Eisenbahntransportkorridor ist ein Komplex von landgebundenen Eisenbahnstrecken und Eisenbahnfährverbindungen, ausgerüstet mit moderner Technik, auf die sich internationale Transitverkehre mit kürzesten Lieferfristen und hohen betrieblichen und wirtschaftlichen Kennziffern konzentrieren sollen.

Die wichtigsten Anforderungen an den Eisenbahntransportkorridoren sind folgende:

- Der Korridor muss entlang der Hauptstrecke verlaufen, über die derzeit und in Zukunft in großem Umfang internationale Schienengütertransporte abgewickelt werden.

- Der Korridor muss den internationalen technischen Parametern entsprechen oder gemäß den Forderungen des Übereinkommens über die Hauptlinien des internationalen Eisenbahnverkehrs (AGC) modernisiert sein.

- Der Korridor muss sich über das Gebiet mehrerer Staaten erstrecken.

- Die Beförderungsstrecke im Korridor muss über die kürzeste Entfernung zwischen den Hauptstandorten des Aufkommens und des Löschens der Fracht verlaufen.

Die OSShD hat die geografischen, technischen und betrieblichen Kenngrößen der 13 Korridore analysiert, Angaben zu Infrastruktur und Grenzübergangspunkten zusammengetragen sowie Wege zur Weiterentwicklung der Gütertransporttechnologien untersucht. Das Ergebnis dieser Arbeiten waren Maßnahmen, die für die Optimierung der internationalen Eisenbahntransporte auf den Korridoren für den Verkehr zwischen Europa und Asien erarbeitet wurden.

Für alle 13 OSShD-Korridore wurden betriebstechnische Datenblätter erstellt und bestätigt. Diese Datenblätter zeigen die technische Ausstattung und die Schwachstellen des Korridors für jeden Streckenabschnitt auf, enthalten Angaben zu den Terminals, den Grenzübergangspunkten sowie zum Transportrecht und Tarifsystem.

Gemäß dem Arbeitsprogramm für 2005-2010 wurden im Rahmen der OSShD für alle auf den Tagungen der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD genehmigten 13 Kor­ridore Komplexpläne zur Optimierung der Transporte und zum Ausbau der OSShD-Transportkorridore bis 2010 ausgearbeitet.

Die Komplexpläne sehen den Ausbau der Verkehrsverbindungen zwischen den am Korridor beteiligten Ländern vor und legen die Bedingungen für ein koordiniertes Handeln der Staaten, über deren Territorium der betreffende Korridor verläuft, fest. Sie berücksichtigen ebenfalls die ständig wachsende Bedeutung der Wirtschafts- und Handelsbeziehungen auf dem eurasischen Kontinent, die auf die Herausbildung eines gemeinsamen Transportraumes gerichtet sind. In ihnen sind die Maßnahmen zum Ausbau der Eisenbahninfrastruktur für jeden Streckenabschnitt des Korridors und der Ablauf ihrer Durchführung sowie ein Vergleich zur Entwicklung der Güterbeförderungsmengen enthalten. Hervorzuheben ist, dass die vom Komitee der OSShD zusammen mit den Experten der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer geleistete Arbeit zu den Transportkorridoren eine hohe Wertschätzung seitens der UN-Wirtschaftskommission für Europa (ECE) erfahren hat und für die weitere Umsetzung empfohlen wurde, wovon ein Dankschreiben zeugt, das im Jahr 2008 an das Komitee der OSShD gesandt wurde. 2013 wurden zu den OSShD-Korridoren 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 und 10 Komplexpläne zur Optimierung der Transporte und zum Ausbau der OSShD-Transport-korridore bis 2020 erarbeitet und abgestimmt. Entsprechend dem Beschluss der Experten der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer sollen die Komplexpläne zur Optimierung der Transporte und zum Ausbau der OSShD-Transportkorridore 4, 6 und 11 zur Verabschiedung im Jahr 2014 vorbereitet werden. Es ist zu unterstreichen, dass die im Komplexplan vorgesehenen Hauptmaßnahmen von den OSShD-Mitgliedsländern erfüllt werden. Zur Steigerung der Effizienz der OSShD-Korridore und zur Weiterentwicklung des internationalen Personen- und Güterverkehrs wurde im Jahr 2013 entsprechend dem Auftrag der XL. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD (5. bis 8. Juni 2012, Republik Aserbaidschan, Baku) zu jedem einzelnen OSShD-Transportkorridor ein Memorandum über die Zusammenarbeit für den technischen, betrieblichen und kommerziellen Ausbau des OSShD-Korridors in Übereinstimmung mit dem Rahmenmemorandum, das gemäß Artikel IV, Punkt 2 der Geschäftsordnung des Komitees der OSShD bestätigt wurde, ausgearbeitet.

2013 wurden die Memoranden zu den einzelnen Eisenbahntransportkorridoren der OSShD von den OSShD-Mitgliedsländern für ihr jeweiliges nationales Territorium unterzeichnet.

 

 


 

 

  

 XXXV. Beratung der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe zu Fragen der Vervollkommnung

der grundlegenden Dokumente der OSShD

An der XXXV. Beratung der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe zu Fragen der Vervollkommnung der grundlegenden Dokumente der OSShD, die vom 23. bis zum 27. September in Almaty (Kasachstan) stattfand, nahmen die Mitglieder der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe aus Weißrussland, Georgien, Kasachstan, Litauen, Polen, Russland, der Slowakei, Usbekistan, der Ukraine, Tschechien und Estland teil.

Die Teilnehmer der Beratung wurden vom leitenden Direktor für die korporative Entwicklung von der Aktiengesellschaft NK KTZ (Nationalgesellschaft Kasachische Eisenbahnen) Erkin Shussanbajew begrüßt, der große Wichtigkeit von den im Rahmen der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe behandelten Fragen für weitere Tätigkeit der ganzen Organisation unterstrich.

In der Tagesordnung der Beratung standen folgende Fragen:

- die Erörterung und Abstimmung der Anlage zum Entwurf der Konvention „Allgemeine Bestimmungen des Vertrages zur Güterbeförderung im internationalen Verkehr" und der damit verbundenen Vorschriften",

- die Erörterung und Abstimmung der Anlage zum Entwurf der Konvention „Allgemeine Bestimmungen des Vertrages zur Personenbeförderung im internationalen Verkehr";

 - die Erörterung und Abstimmung der Anlage zum Entwurf der Konvention „Allgemeine Bestimmungen über die Anwendung von Güterwagen im internationalen Verkehr",

- die Erörterung und Abstimmung der Anlage zum Entwurf der Konvention „Allgemeine Bestimmungen über die Anwendung von Reisezugwagen im internationalen Verkehr",

- die Nachbearbeitung der Abschnitte von der Konvention unter Berücksichtigung der Entscheidungen der XLI. Tagung der Ministerkonferenz der OSShD u.a.

 

 


Fragen der Statistik im Bereich des Schienenverkehrs und der Ausgabe des „Bulletins der statistischen Daten der OSShD zum Eisenbahntransport für 2012"

фото статистика 2

In Schanghai (Volksrepublik China) fand die Expertenberatung zu den Fragen der Statistik im Bereich des Eisenbahntransports und der Ausgabe vom „Bulletin der statistischen Daten der OSShD zum Eisenbahntransport für 2012" vom 10. bis zum 13. September 2013 statt, woran die Vertreter von den OSShD-Mitgliedsländern teilnahmen: von der Republik Belarus, der Republik Kasachstan, der Volksrepublik China, der Lettischen Republik, der Litauischen Republik, der Mongolei, der Russischen Föderation, der Republik Usbekistan, der Ukraine, der Tschechischen Republik, sowie des OSShD-Komitees und UIC.

Die Begrüßungsrede vor den Teilnehmern der Beratung hielt der Stellvertreter des Direktors vom Statistikzentrum für die Eisenbahnen der Volksrepublik China Xia Baohe, der die Wichtigkeit der Arbeit an den Fragen der Statistik im Bereich des Eisenbahntransports und an der Verbesserung von den Statistikbasen unterstrich und den Teilnehmern erfolgreiche und produktive Tätigkeit im Rahmen der abgestimmten Tagesordnung wünschte. Im Namen der Staatsverwaltung für Eisen­bahnen der Volksrepublik China wurden die Teilnehmer der Beratung vom Assis­tenten des Direktors von der Abteilung für Außenbeziehungen Wang Jiayu begrüßt. Er betonte, dass die Eisenbahnen der Volksrepublik China heutzutage einen der führenden Plätze unter den Mitgliedsländern von OSShD in Bezug auf die Ausdehnung von den fungierenden Eisenbahnen und auf den Umfang der beförderten Passagieren und Güter einnehmen. Mit der Begrüßungsrede an die Expertenberatung wandte sich auch der Stellvertreter vom Chef der Schanghaier Eisenbahn Zhou Hongyun. Er erzählte von den Perspektiven für die handelswirtschaftliche Entwicklung von Schanghai, insbesondere vom Status dieser Großstadt als freie Wirtschaftszone. Zhou Hongyun unterstrich, dass Schanghaier Eisenbahn zu 18 Eisenbahnen der Volksrepublik China gehört. Im Jahre 2012 transportierte Schanghaier Eisenbahn mehr als 336 Mio. Passagiere und 240 Mio. Tonnen Güter.

In der Tagesordnung der Beratung standen folgende Fragen:

- die Verbesserung und die Vorbereitung zur Ausgabe von der Sammlung „Bulletin der statistischen Daten der OSShD zum Eisenbahntransport für 2012";

- die Formierung von den Hauptkennziffern in Bezug auf die Funktionen der Eisenbahntransportkorridore von OSShD Nr. 1-13 für das Jahr 2012;

- die Aktualisierung von „Erläuterungen zur Füllung der elektronischen Tabellen von Statistiken";

- die Erörterung und Abstimmung des Entwurfes vom Arbeitsplan für das Jahr 2014 und des Entwurfes vom Arbeitsprogramm für das Jahr 2015 und für nachfolgende Jahre, sowie die anderen Fragen.

Nach der Erörterung, Abstimmung und Analyse von zusammengefassten Materialien „Wesentliche Statistiken im Bereich vom Eisenbahnverkehr" für das Jahr 2012, die vom führenden Bearbeiter, die Republik Usbekistan vertretend, vorbereitet sind, unterstrichen die Experten, dass die Betriebslänge von den Eisenbahnlinien im Jahre 2012 im Vergleich zum Jahr 2011 insgesamt um 315 km gewachsen ist und 280302 km betrug, und die Gesamtlänge von elektrifizierten Linien um 289 km gewachsen ist und 123042 km ausmachte. Im Jahre 2012 ver­minderte sich der Umfang vom Güterverkehr um 5,2% zum Niveau vom Jahr 2011 und machte 5865,7 Mio. Tonnen aus, der Güterumlauf wuchs um 1,5% auf und machte 5481,6 Mrd. tkm aus. Im Jahre 2012 wurden 3900 Mio. Passagiere transportiert, was um 0,8% mehr als im Jahre 2011 ausmachte, und die Per­sonenbeförderungsleistung verminderte sich um 0,6% und betrug 1199,8 Mrd. Per­sonenkilometer.

Der führende Bearbeiter von der Ukraine stellte zur Erörterung von den Teilnehmern der Expertenberatung die zusammengefassten Hauptkennziffern in Bezug auf die Funktionen der Eisenbahntransportkorridore von OSShD Nr. 1-13 für das Jahr 2012 vor. Nach der Erörterung und Abstimmung von den vorgestellten Angaben für das Jahr 2012 beschloss die Expertenberatung, die Kennziffern nach den Funktionen von jedem der Transportkorridore von OSShD Nrn. 1-13 im „Bulletin ..." als Schema, Tabelle und Diagramme zu veröffentlichen. Die Experten hörten sich den von den Vertretern der Russischen Föderation vorbereiteten Vortrag mit der Präsentation über den Lauf von der Arbeit an der Ausarbeitung des Entwurfes von methodischen Empfehlungen zur Feststellung vom Umfang des internationalen Güterverkehrs im Rahmen von den OSShD-Eisenbahntransportkorridoren (Einfuhr, Ausfuhr, Durchfuhr) an.

Die Expertenberatung beschloss, dass es zweckmäßig ist, die Tätigkeit der Zeitweiligen Arbeitsgruppe zur Verbesserung von den Tabellenformen für Statistiken und von der Erläuterungen dazu zwecks völliger Darstellung von Angaben, inklusive Informationen von allen Eisenbahngesellschaften und von den Leitern der Infrastruktur des Landes, fortzusetzen.

Der Vorsitzende der Statistikgruppe von UIC Roman Sterba stellte den Teilnehmern der Beratung die Information über die Tätigkeit der Statistikgruppe von UIC in Jahren 2012-2013.


 

Fragen der Eisenbahntransportpolitik der OSShD

 

Die Behandlung dieser Thematik erfolgte auf einer Expertenberatung vom 14. bis 16. Mai 2013 im Komitee der OSShD, an der die Vertreter der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer Belarus, Ungarn, Georgien, KDVR, Kirgistan, Moldau, Mongolei, Lettland, Litauen, Russland, Rumänien, Usbekistan, Ukraine, die VR als Beobachter der OSShD sowie der internationalen Organisationen: das CCTT, die UIC, als auch das Komitee der OSShD teilnahmen.

Im Verlauf der Beratung wurden Punkte erörtert, wie:

- Analyse der strategischen Entwicklungsrichtungen des Eisenbahnverkehrs der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer, Entwicklung der Logistik im Eisenbahnverkehr

- Analyse der Erfahrungen und Auswertung des Reformverlaufs im Eisenbahnverkehr der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer, normativ-rechtliche Grundlagen der Eisenbahnreformen

- Stand der Arbeiten der Kontaktgruppe OSShD/ ERA zum Zusammenwirken der Eisenbahnsys­teme mit den Spurweiten 1520 mm und 1435 mm

- Entwurf des Arbeitsplans der Kommission der OSShD für Transportpolitik und Entwicklungs­strategie für das Jahr 2014 und Entwurf des Arbeitsprogramms für 2015 und die Folgejahre.

Die Beratungsteilnehmer nahmen die Berichte der Vertreter der Republik Belarus, Ungarns, Georgiens, der Litauischen Republik, der Russischen Föderation, der Republik Usbekistan und der Ukraine über die strategischen Entwicklungsrichtungen im Eisenbahnverkehr in diesen Ländern sowie eine Präsentation zum Thema „Analyse der Erfahrungen und Auswertung des Reformverlaufs im Eisenbahnverkehr der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer. Normativ-rechtliche Grundlagen der Eisenbahnreformen", die die federführende Seite der Republik Kasachstan auf der Grundlage eines Fragebogens erstellt hatte, entgegen. Die Beratung hob hervor, dass im Zeitraum 2007­2013 von der Kontaktgruppe OSShD/ERA folgende Dokumente endgültig fertig gestellt wurden:

- Dokument 1 „Teilsystem: Infrastruktur. Oberbau und Oberbauwirtschaft"

- Dokument 2 „Energieversorgung"

- Dokument 3 „Sicherungstechnik und Fernmeldewesen"

- Dokument 5 „Reisezugwagen"

- Dokument 6 „Lokomotiven und Triebzüge". Die Expertenberatung nahm eine Präsentation des Vertreters der UIC zum Thema „Erarbeitung der Komponente 1520 für die Standardisierungsplattform" zur Kenntnis, in der auf die Notwendigkeit der weiteren Arbeit zur Untersuchung der Richtungen für eine Erhöhung der Interoperabilität der Eisenbahnsysteme mit den Spurweiten 1520 mm und 1435 mm verwiesen wurde.

 

Strategie der Entwicklung des Schnell- und

Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrs von Reisezügen in den Mitgliedsländern der OSShD

An der Expertenberatung zu diesem Thema, die in der Zeit vom 21. bis 22. Mai 2013 im Komitee der OSShD stattfand, nahmen die Vertreter folgender Mitgliedsländer der OSShD teil: China, Georgien, Moldova, Russland, Rumänien, Usbekistan und Ukraine sowie des Komitees der OSShD.

Auf der Tagesordnung der Beratung standen die folgenden Fragen:

- Verlauf der Realisierung des Entwicklungsprogramms des Schnell- und Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrs von Reisezügen in den Mitgliedsländern der OSShD;

- Behandlung der Materialien zur Vorbereitung abgestimmter Beschlüsse benachbarter Staaten zur Schaffung eines perspektivischen Netzes;

- Behandlung und Abstimmung des Entwurfs des Arbeitsplans für 2014 und des Arbeitsprogramms für 2015 und die Folgejahre.

Bei der Behandlung der Fragen wurde eine Information zum Thema „Strategie der Entwicklung des Schnell- und Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehrs von Reisezügen in der Russischen Föderation für den Zeitraum bis 2030" entgegen genommen, die vom Vertreter der Aktiengesellschaft „Institut für Wirtschaft und Transportentwicklung" AG vorgetragen wurde, wie auch eine Information über die zukünftige Entwicklung des Schnell- und Hochgeschwindigkeit -Personenverkehrs bei den Eisenbahnen der Mitgliedsländer der OSShD für den Zeitraum bis 2020. Auf Grund von Schwierigkeiten bei der Bereitstellung einer aktualisierten Information zum Thema „Strategie der Entwicklung des Schnell- und Hochge­schwindigkeitsverkehrs von Reisezügen in den Mitgliedsländern der OSShD" wurde beschlossen, die themabezogenen Materialien einmal alle zwei Jahre zusammenzufassen und die nächste zusammengefasste Information 2015 auszuarbeiten. Gleichzeitig wurde vorgeschlagen, die Russische Föderation und die Volksrepublik China als Federführende Seiten zu diesem Thema beizubehalten.

 Es wurde für notwendig erachtet, eine Gesamtkarte der Bestandsnetze und perspektivischen Netze des Schnell- und Hochgeschwindigkeitverkehrs von Reisezügen in die Dokumentation einzuordnen. Der Aktiengesellschaft „Institut für Wirtschaft und Transportentwicklung" AG wurde vorgeschlagen, die Federführung zu dieser Frage zu übernehmen und den Entwurf eines solchen Plans bis Mitte Oktober 2013 vorzubereiten.

 Die Expertenberatung bat auch die chinesischen Fachleute um eine analoge Ausarbeitung einer Zusammenstellung der bestehenden und perspektivischen Netze (Karte) zur Entwicklung des Schnell- und Hochgeschindigkeitverkehrs von Reisezügen.

 

27. Sitzung der Kontaktgruppe OSShD/ERA

An der 27. Sitzung der Kontaktgruppe OSShD/ERA zum Thema „Zusammenarbeit zwischen ERA und OSShD bei der Analyse der gegenseitigen Beziehungen zwischen den zur EU und nicht zur EU gehören den Bahnsystemen mit den Spurweiten 1520/1524 mm und 1435 mm", die vom 4. bis 6. Juni 2013 im Komitee der OSShD stattfand, nahmen die Vertreter der OSShD-Mitgliedsländer Republik Belarus, Lettische Republik, Litauische Republik, Republik Polen, Russische Föderation, Ukraine sowie des Komitees der OSShD, der ERA, des Eisenbahntransportrates der Mitgliedsländer der GUS teil.

Während der Sitzung wurden folgende Fragen behandelt: Analyse des Teilsystems „Güterwagen", Analyse des Teilsystems „Sicherungstechnik und Fernmeldewesen", Analyse des Teilsystems „Betrieb" sowie Maßnahmen zur Aufrechterhaltung und Verbesserung der bestehenden technischen und betrieblichen Kompatibilität an der Grenze EU-GUS.

Im Rahmen der Vorbereitung auf die Arbeit am Dokument „Analyse... Teilsystem: Güterwagen" verfolgten und diskutierten die Sitzungsteilnehmer den Vortrag des Vertreters der ERA Dr. Andreas Schirmer zum Thema „Neue TSI für Güterwagen (Verordnung (EU) Nr. 321/2013)".

Zudem wurde den Sitzungsteilnehmern der von der ERA erarbeitete Entwurf einer Aufstellung über die grundlegenden Parameter der TSI WAG zur Vergleichsanalyse und ein in die russische Sprache übersetzter Textauszug der TSI WAG vorgestellt. Der Vertreter Lettlands informierte die Sitzungsteilnehmer über die an die ERA gerichteten Vorschläge der Lettischen Republik und der Litauischen Republik zu Punkt 4 des Dokumentes „Wechselwirkung der Außenanlagen der Sicherungstechnik mit anderen Teilsystemen" in der auf der 26. Sitzung erläuterten Fassung.

Die Sitzungsteilnehmer verfolgten den Vortrag des Vertreters der ERA Rafal Lipinski über die wissenschaftlich-technischen Projekte zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit, die im Rahmen der EU erarbeitet wurden. Geprüft wurde der Entwurf des Arbeitsdokumentes „Analyse... Teilsystem: Betrieb und Verkehrssteuerung" in der Version vom 17.05.2013. Unter Berücksichtigung der geführten Diskussion prüfen die Mitglieder der Kontaktgruppe diesen Dokumentenentwurf und richten ihn bis Ende August wie folgt an die ERA:

- Bemerkungen und Vorschläge zum Entwurf des Abschnitts 1 „Anwendungsbereich des Dokumentes",

- Präzisierte Information zu den Unterpunkten „Zugverband", „Wirksamkeit der Bremse", „Aufmerksamkeit des Triebfahrzeugführes", „Anforderungen an die Aufstellung der Signale und Orientierungszeichen entlang der Eisenbahnstrecke",

- präzisierte Liste der auf die Bezug genommenen Dokumente nach den entsprechenden Hauptparametern.

Der Vortrag des Vertreters der Ukraine Oleg Tkatschenko enthielt die wichtigsten und aktuellen Fragen zur „Bewertung der Konformität der Eisenbahnproduktion im Eisenbahnraum 1520".

Die Vertreter der ERA informierten die Sitzungsteilnehmer über die Organisation einer Informationsveranstaltung am 24. September 2013 unter der Arbeitsbezeichnung „Sicherheit im Eisenbahnverkehr und Interoperabilität in der Europäischen Union" im Rahmen der 28. Sitzung der Kontaktgruppe.

Die Sitzungsteilnehmer prüften den Entwurf des Glossars „...", ergänzt durch Angaben der Teilnehmer der Kontaktgruppe, und unterbreiteten den Vorschlag, die Aufstellung der vorhandenen Termini um die Begriffe „Gutabsender" und „Gutempfänger" zu ergänzen.

Zur Weiterführung der Arbeit im Rahmen der Kooperation zwischen der OSShD und der ERA geht den Mitgliedern der Kontaktgruppe bis September 2013 der Entwurf der Absichtserklärung (MoU) OSShD/ ERA für das Jahr 2014 zu.

 

 

 

Erarbeitung eines Fragenkomplexes zu Schienen, Schienenbefestigungen, zum lückenlosen Gleis, zur Mechanisierung von Gleisbauarbeiten

 In Peking, der Hauptstadt der VR China, fand vom 25. bis 28. Juni 2013 eine Expertenberatung der Kommission der OSShD für Infrastruktur und Fahrzeuge zum Unterthema „Erarbeitung eines Fragenkomplexes zu Schienen, Schienenbefestigungen, zum lückenlosen Gleis, zur Mechanisierung von Gleisbauarbeiten zum Thema „Eisenbahngleis und Kunstbauten" statt.

An der Beratung nahmen teil die Vertreter der OSShD-Eisenbahnen BC,MAV GAG, KZD, LDZ, RZD AG,ZSR, UZ, Vertreter von angegliederten Unternehmen der OSShD Weichenwerk Dnepropetrowsk AG (Ukraine), Weichenwerk Kertsch GmbH (Ukraine), Weichenwerk Murom AG (Russland) und der Eisenbahnforschungsinstitut AG (VUZ, Tschechien) sowie vom Komitee der OSShD.

Die Stellvertretende Direktorin des Departments für Internationale Zusammenarbeit Frau Liang Na überbrachte Grußworte von den Organisatoren dieser Beratung (vom Unternehmen „Chinesische Eisenbahnen"). Zudem informierte Frau Liang Na über die Entwicklung der Chinesischen Eisenbahnen im Sektor Hochgeschwindigkeitsverkehr und über die Bahnreform.

Auf der Beratung wurden folgende Fragen behandelt:

- berichtigtes Material „Aufbau und Instandhaltung des lückenlosen Gleises, darunter auf langen Brücken",

- Stand der Aktualisierung des Merkblatts R 745/1 „Elastische Schienenbefestigung mit Spannklemmen vom Typ Skl 12 (mit Unterlagsplatten) und Skl 14 (ohne Unterlagsplatten)",

- Erarbeitung einer neuen Anlage „Katalog der Fehler und Schäden an Schienen" zum Merkblatt R 736,

- Aktualisierung und Zusammenführung der Merkblätter:

• R 745 „Empfehlungen zur Präzisierung der technischen Forderungen für den Entwurf der elastischen Schienenbefestigungen", 2. Ausgabe vom 26.10.2007,

• R 746 „Erarbeitung der technischen Forderun­gen für den Entwurf elastischer Schienenbefestigungen unter modernen Bedingungen", 1. Ausgabe vom 08.10.1999,

- Erarbeitung des neuen Merkblattes „Empfehlungen zur Konstruktion, Verlegung und Instandhaltung des lückenlosen Gleises" auf der Grundlage der Zusammenführung der Merkblätter:

• R 700 „Empfehlungen zur Verlegung und Instandhaltung des lückenlosen Gleises", 3. Ausgabe vom 16.11.2003,

• R 701 „Wiederherstellung von Langschienen des lückenlosen Gleises bei Schienenbrüchen", 3. Ausgabe vom 08.10.1999,

• R 708/1 „Empfehlungen zur Konstruktion und Anwendung von Schienenauszügen in lückenlosen Gleisen auf Brücken", 2. Ausgabe vom 23.10.2009,

- Erarbeitung von Merkblattentwürfen „Vergleichsanalyse betrieblicher Charakteristika moderner Schienenbefestigungen" und „Feststellung und Analyse von Fehlern an Schienen und Weichenteilen mithilfe von 3D-Messschrieben, erstellt mit Schienenprüfgerät UDS2 RDM-23",

- Entwurf des Arbeitsplans zum genannten Unterthema für 2014 u. a.

Nach Erörterung des Standes der Arbeiten zum Thema „Aufbau und Instandhaltung des lückenlosen Gleises, darunter auf langen Brücken" schätzte die Expertenberatung die Arbeit zu diesem Material als abgeschlossen ein, beschloss aber aufgrund der Bedeutung des lückenlosen Gleises auf Brücken, die Arbeit auf diesem Gebiet fortzusetzen und auf der Grundlage der gemachten Anmerkungen ein Merkblattentwurf „Aufbau des lückenlosen Gleises auf langen Brücken" zu erarbeiten.

Nach Sichtung des Materials „Katalog der Fehler und Schäden an Schienen" empfahl die Expertenberatung, diesen Katalog als Anlage A zum Merkblatt R 736 zur Bestätigung vorzulegen und für den Arbeitsplan 2014 die Erarbeitung einer zusätzlichen Anlage B zum Merkblatt R 736 vorzusehen, in die alle die Schienenfehler aufgenommen werden, die in Anlage A nicht berücksichtigt wurden.

Nach dem die Expertenberatung den Stand der Erarbeitung des Merkblattentwurfs „Technische Forderungen für den Entwurf von Schienenbefestigungen des Eisenbahngleises" zur Kenntnis genommen und erörtert hat, der die bestehenden Merkblätter R 745 und R 746 zusammenführt und ergänzt, fasste die Expertenberatung den Beschluss, das neue Merkblatt unter dieser Bezeichnung zur Bestätigung zu empfehlen, ihm die Nummer R 745 (1. Ausgabe) zu geben sowie folgende Merkblätter aufzuheben:

- R 745 „Empfehlungen zur Präzisierung der technischen Forderungen für den Entwurf von elastischen Schienenbefestigungen", 2. Ausgabe vom 26.10.2007,

- R 746 „Erarbeitung der technischen Forderungen für den Entwurf elastischer Schienenbefestigungen unter modernen Bedingungen", 1. Ausgabe vom 08.10.1999.

Die Expertenberatung nahm zur Kenntnis und bestätigte den Erarbeitungsstand des Merkblattentwurfs „Vergleichsanalyse der betrieblichen Charakteristika moderner Schienenbefestigungen" und empfahl, ihn als empfehlendes Merkblatt unter der Nummer R 746 (1. Ausgabe) zur Bestätigung vorzulegen.

Der Direktor des „Zentralen Büros für die Inspektion des Oberbaus" der MAV Beli Jänos schnitt in seiner Präsentation „Oberflächenschäden aufgrund Rollkontaktermüdung (RCF)" folgende Themen an:

• Überblick über die Entstehungstheorie der RCF,

• Ursachen der Entstehung von RCF-Schäden,

• Arten der RCF-Schäden und charakteristische Entstehungsorte,

• Möglichkeiten der Feststellung der Schäden,

• Bewertung der Schäden,

• Prophylaxe der Entstehung von RCF-Oberflächenschäden, Instandsetzungstechnologie.

 

 

Fragen der Kodierung und Informatik

Ein Gemeinsames Seminar der OSShD/UIC zur Thematik „IT-Unterstützung des Güter- und Personenverkehrs / Technische Spezifikationen Interoperabilität (TAF TSI und TAP TSI) fand am 28. Mai 2013 in Helsinki, der Hauptstadt Finnlands, statt.

Am Seminar nahmen teil 42 Experten der

- OSShD-Bahnen MAV GAG, NK KTZ AG, LDZ, LG, MZD, PKP AG, CFR, ZSSK, ZSR, UZ, EVR,

- die Beobachter der OSShD DB AG, VR

- die angegliederten Unternehmen JERID (OLTIS Group), CTM,

- die internationalen Organisationen UIC, ERA, Komitee der OSShD,

- Vertreter von IT-Unternehmen, darunter HITRAIL.

Im Namen der VR begrüßte die Seniorvizepräsidentin der VR Group Paivi Minkkinen die Seminarteilnehmer und berichtete über die 150-jährige Entwicklungsgeschichte sowie die modernen Errungenschaften der Finnischen Eisenbahn.

Sie stellte fest, dass der Verkehr auf der Schiene in Finnland im März 1862 mit der Eröffnung des planmäßigen Eisenbahnverkehrs zwischen Helsinki und Hämeenlinna begann. Seit diesem Zeitpunkt bildete die Staatseisenbahn die Wirtschaft, die soziale Struktur und die Kultur Finnlands heraus. Es erhöhte sich der Umfang der per Schiene beförderten Güter und Reisenden. Schrittweise wurden die Dampflokomotiven durch Diesellokomotiven und später durch Elloks ersetzt. 1995 wurde die Staatseisenbahn in eine Aktiengesellschaft (Konzern VR Group) umgewandelt, der im vergangenen Jahr folgende Kennzahlen erzielen konnte:

• der Jahresumsatz betrug 1.437,8 Mio. EUR,

• die Anzahl der Fahrten mit der Bahn erreichte 69,3 Mio.,

• die Güterbeförderungsmenge bei der Eisenbahn wies 35,3 Mio. t aus, während die Güterbeförderungsmenge auf der Straße 7 Mio. t betrug.

Die VR ist stolz auf die erfolgreiche Einführung der TAF TSI und TAP TSI, die im Laufe des Jahres 2012 erfolgte. Mit der Entwicklung der papierlosen Technologie begann die VR im Jahr 1994, 2007 folgte der elektronische Austausch von Transportdokumenten mit Russland, 2011 die Datenübergabe zu Leerwagen zwischen Russland und Finnland, für 2013 ist die Einführung eines analogen Systems für beladene Wagen geplant.

Eingehend auf Fragen der Zollformalitäten unterstrich Paivi Minkkinen, dass der Konzern VR Group das erste Eisenbahnunternehmen in der Europäischen Union ist, dem der Status eines Zugelassenen Wirtschaftsbeteiligten (AEO) verliehen wurde. Fest etabliert sind bei der Finnischen Eisenbahn alle Zollmeldungen sowohl für den Export als auch den Import nach/aus Ländern, die nicht zur EU gehören. Der Datenaustausch erfolgt ausschließlich in elektronischer Form.

Der Vertreter der ERA Idriss Pagand hielt einen Vortrag zum Thema „TSI OPE mit dem Schwerpunkt auf Anlage P". Er erläuterte den Inhalt des Dokumentes „TSI OPE" und die Vorschläge zu ihrer Weiterentwicklung, die im Jahr 2014 abgeschlossen sein soll. Anlage P zu den TSI OPE enthält die europäische Norm zur Kennzeichnung von Güterwagen im internationalen Verkehr. Die Weiterentwicklung des Systems ist ausgerichtet auf eine IT-Unterstützung durch Daten aus nationalen Registern für Schienenfahrzeuge.

Im Weiteren informierte er über das Thema „Bericht über die Einführung der TAF TSI und ihre Revisionen". In seinem Vortrag ging er auf die Projektgruppe der Experten der ERA zur Revision der TAF TSI ein, verwies auf die entsprechenden Beschlüsse der verantwortlichen Stellen und die Fristen zu ihrer Umsetzung und berichtete über die erreichten Ergebnisse. Zum Thema „Telematikanwendungen für den Personenverkehr. Technische Spezifikation für die Interoperabilität TAP TSI" stellte Idriss Pagand fest, dass an der Erarbeitung der TAP TSI folgende neun Organisationen und Unternehmen beteiligt sind: EU, ERA, IM, PRM, RISC, RU, TAP TSI, TD ERA, CEN. Die TAP TSI stellen praktisch einen programmtechni­schen Anhang auf der Basis folgender grundlegender Europäischer Rechtsdokumente dar:

- „Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1371/2007 des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates über die Rechte und Pflichten der Fahrgäste im Eisenbahnverkehr (Art. 10 und Anhang II)",

- „Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1371/2007 des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates über die Rechte und Pflichten der Fahrgäste im Eisenbahnverkehr" und

- „Richtlinie 2008/57/EG über die Interoperabilität des konventionellen transeuropäischen Eisenbahnsystems (Anhang II/-2.5. Telematikanwendungen)". Die Einführung soll laut ausgearbeittem Plan zum ersten Quartal 2016 erfolgen.

Der Vertreter der UIC John Lutz referierte in seiner Präsentation zum Thema „Sachstand zu den TAF TSI und nächste Schritte". Im Januar 2013 stimmte die Europäische Kommission einen konsolidierten Steuerungsplan ab, da es nicht gelang, den Plan aus dem Jahr 2007 mit Leben zu erfüllen. Der neue Plan wurde auf der Grundlage der Vorstellungen von 58 Beförderungsunternehmen erarbeitet, deren Gesamtanteil an EU-weiten Beförderungen 85% ausmacht. Für das Jahr 2014 ist der Start solcher gewichtigen Phasen wie Reference files population und Common Interface Implementation geplant. Der Prozess der Einführung der TAF TSI erfolgt in elf Phasen bis zum Jahr 2021. In der Präsentation des Vertreters der DB AG Rütger Fenkes zum Thema „Stand des Projektes TAP TSI" wurden detailliert solche Fragen betrachtet wie

• Anmerkungen zur ersten Phase der Einführung der TAP TSI,

• geplante und erreichte Ergebnisse,

• Stand der laufenden Arbeiten, die auf die Erweiterung des Leistungsspektrums abzielen,

• nächste Schritte.

Rund 40 Eisenbahnunternehmen (RU) und Infrastrukturbetreiber (IM) stellten ihre eigenen Pläne zur Einführung im April 2013 vor. Die Anwendung TAP TSI ist bereits bei 82% der IM und 95% der RU eingeführt.

In seinem Vortrag zum Thema „HERMES-Datenübertragungsnetz und seine Dienstleistungen" stellte Mick Haynes von HITRAIL fest, dass gegenwärtig die Dienstleistungen des HERMES-Netzes auf über 40 Webseiten von Eisenbahnunternehmen in 23 Ländern bereitgestellt werden. Bei der DB AG beispielsweise werden vier Anwendungen im Personenverkehr, acht Anwendungen im Güterverkehr und drei Anwendungen in der Infrastruktur genutzt. Es bestehen einige internationale Verbindungen auf zweiseitiger Basis für spezielle Zwecke. Es wird ein Dienst erarbeitet, der künftig die Umwandlung von XML-Protokollen in das TSI Common Interface und zurück ermöglicht. Im Vortrag von Jozef Fejfar (OLTIS Group) ging es um die Erfahrungen TAF/TAP TSI bei den Eisenbahnunternehmen (RU) und Infrastrukturbetreibern (IM) in den mitteleuropäischen Ländern. Berichtet wurde über Erfahrungen hinsichtlich der Anwendung von Rechtsvorschriften, der TAF TSI, TAP TSI, der Identifizierung von Objekten, von Datenbankdateien und des Common Interface. Im Vortrag kamen zur Sprache solche Punkte wie „Marketingtätigkeit der IM", „Anmeldung und Aktivierung von Zugtrassen", „Vorbereitung des Zuges zur Abfahrt", „Führung des Schichtplans der Lokomotivbrigaden", „Zuglauf, Aufenthalte und Fahrzeitplanung", „Bepreisung von Zugtrassen", „Datenaustausch zur Verbesserung der Qualität der Dienstleistungen für die Kunden", „Normative Nutzungsdauer eines Reisezuges aus der Sicht des IM und des RU", „Kundeninformation auf den Bahnhöfen".

Kairat Rsymbetov (NK KTZ AG) stellte in seinem Vortrag zum Thema „IT-Unterstützung des Transport-und Logistikoperateurs" heraus, dass das Ziel dieser Unterstützung in der Schaffung eines automatisierten Steuerungssystems „Logistik" für einen zuverlässigen und pünktlichen IT-Service der Transport- und Logistikleistungen besteht. In diesem Bereich stehen folgende Aufgaben an:

- IT-Unterstützung für den „Haus-zu-Haus"-Verkehr:

- Vormeldung der Güterströme an Grenzpersonal, Spediteure u. a.,

- Schaffung eines einheitlichen technologischen Dokumentenumlaufs im Transportwesen,

- Automatisierung von Bankdienstleistungen hinsichtlich der Bezahlung von Transporten,

- Einführung und Organisation von „grünen Korridoren",

- Anhebung des LPI-Rankings Kasachstans mittels Automatisierung.

Ebenfalls wurden von ihm angesprochen die bestehenden Probleme bei Transporten, die allen Verkehrsträgern eigen sind. Weiterhin ging er ein auf die Situation bei der Organisation der Transportkette zwischen China und Europa sowie den laufenden Stand der Geschäftsprozesse beim Zusammenwirken der Transportteilnehmer.

Die Präsentation von Jarosław Majchrzak (PKP PLK) zum Thema „Einführung von TAF/TAP TSI bei der PKP PLK" vermittelte grundlegende Daten der PKP PLK in diesem Bereich, den Masterplan zur Einführung von TAF/TAP TSI, das Zuginformationssystem (TIS), das die Daten über die Zustellung der Meldungen TAF TSI und TAF TSI CCG (licencing program) gewährleistet. Im Ergebnis der Debatte und des Erfahrungsaustauschs wurde den Seminarteilnehmern die Möglichkeit eingeräumt, sich intensiver mit der Problematik der IT-Unterstützung im Güter- und Personenverkehrs vertraut zu machen und die nächsten Schritte zur Verbesserung der Arbeit in diesem Bereich festzulegen.

Auf der 67. Sitzung der Gemeinsamen Gruppe der OSShD/UIC „Kodierung und Informatik", die vom 29. bis 30. Mai im Anschluss an das Gemeinsame Seminar in Helsinki stattfand, wurden die Gemeinsamen Merkblätter OSShD/UIC im Bereich Kodierung und Informatik sowie das Einheitliche System zur Kennzeichnung von Güterwagen erörtert. Die Gemeinsame Gruppe nahm die Information der UIC zur Kenntnis, dass die Arbeit am neuen Wagenkennzeichnungssystem beendet wurde. Es wurde auf dieser Grundlage vorgeschlagen, dass während der Übertragung von Wagen mit bestehender 8-stelligen Kennzeichnung die Bestimmungen des neuen

gemeinsamen OSJD/UIC-Merkblattes 402 "Unifiziertes Elektronisches Datenaustausch während der Übertragung von Güterwagen aus Spurweite 1520 mm zu Spurweite 1435 mm und in der entgegengesetzten Richtung" in die Praxis umzusetzen.

Den Verkehrsministern und Eisenbahnunternehmen, die das 8-stellige Wagenkennzeichnungssystem verwenden, wird zur Prüfung die Variante vorgeschlagen, den Schienenfahrzeugen, die im internationalen Eisenbahnverkehr nach den EU-Mitgliedsländern eingesetzt werden, 12-stellige Wagennummern zuzuteilen. In der Debatte über den Status der Informationsdaten in den Datenbanken ENEE/RICS und der Einheitlichen Informationsdatenbank (CRD) wurde festgestellt, dass die CRD gemäß den Normativen der technischen Spezifikation für Interoperabilität - Telematikanwendungen Güterverkehr (TAF TSI) anzuwenden ist; diese enthält Informationsdaten der Länder, Unternehmen und Dienstobjekte. Die UIC erklärte, dass die Einheitliche Informationsdatenbank (CRD) nunmehr verbindlich ist und einige Rechtssubjekte der Länder bereits begonnen haben, die Datenbank mit Informationen über Dienstobjekte zu füllen. Die CRD ersetzt die technisch veraltete Datenbank ENEE, wodurch keine Veränderung am Merkblatt 920-2 erforderlich wird.

Die 1. Sitzung der SAG des RID-Fachausschusses 

Vom 12. bis 15. November 2012 fand in Riga (Republik Lettland) die 1. Sitzung Ständiger Arbeitsgruppe des Fachausschusses für die Eisenbahnbeförderung gefährlicher Güter (RID*) und gemeinsame Beratung der Experten SMGS und RID statt.

An der Beratung haben die Vertreter teilgenommen: von Österreich, Belgien, Bulgarien, Großbritannien, Deutschland, Dänemark, Italien, Lettland, Litauen, Luxemburg, der Niederlande, Polen, Russland, der Slowakei, der Ukraine, Finnland, Frankreich, Kroatien, der Tschechischen Republik, Schweden, der Schweiz und Estland. Außerdem nahmen internationale Organisationen teil: Komitee der OSShD, Europäische Kommission, Europäische Eisenbahnagentur (ERA), Europäischer Rat für chemische Industrie (CEFIC), Internationaler Eisenbahnverband (UIC), Internationaler Verband der Besitzer von privaten Güterwagen (UIP) und Internationale Vereinigung der Gesellschaften für den kombinierten Verkehr (UIRR). Russland nahm als Mitglied des Staates OTIF teil, der zurzeit RID nicht verwendet.

Ein der Stichpunkte einer umfangreichen Tagesordnung wurde der Harmonisierung der Vorschriften über die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter (RID) und Anlage 2 zu SMGS gewidmet. Im Artikel werden die Hauptmomente der gemeinsamen Beratung der Experten SMGS und RID betrachtet.

Kennzeichnung von Wagen mit der Notfallkartennummer gemäß Anlage 2 zum SMGS

In ihrem gemeinsamen Dokument INF.7 beantragen die Slowakei und die Tschechische Republik, bei Beförderungen von SMGS-Vertragsstaaten in RID-Vertragsstaaten die Angabe der gemäß Anlage 2 zum SMGS vorgeschriebenen Nummer der Notfallkarte in der unteren Hälfte des Großzettels (Placard) zuzulassen.

Der Vertreter Lettlands macht in seinem informellen Dokument INF.12 auf eine Rechtsänderung in der Ausgabe 2013 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS aufmerksam. Danach sei die Angabe der Nummer der Notfallkarte in der unteren Hälfte des Großzettels (Placards) nur bei Wagen, Kesselwagen und Batteriewagen, nicht jedoch bei multimodal verwendeten Großcontainern, ortsbeweglichen Tanks, Tankcontainern und MEGC möglich. Die Bemerkung zu Absatz 5.3.7.1 (a) der Anlage 2 zum SMGS schließe darüber hinaus auch bei Beförderungen in Wagen, Kesselwagen und Batteriewagen in oder durch die Hoheitsgebiete Lettlands, Litauens, Polens und Estlands diese Angabe auf dem Großzettel (Placard) aus.

Auf Vorschlag des Vertreters Russlands wird an die OSShD die Bitte gerichtet, die Bemerkung zu Absatz 5.3.7.1 (a) der Anlage 2 zum SMGS so zu ändern, dass bei Beförderungen in oder durch das Hoheitsgebiet von Staaten, die das RID anwenden, die Nummer der Notfallkarte auf einer getrennten weißen Tafel angegeben werden muss.

Angaben im Beförderungspapier in russischer Sprache

Die Slowakei und die Tschechische Republik beantragen in ihrem gemeinsamen Dokument INF.8, bei Beförderungen von SMGS-Vertragsstaaten in RID-Vertragsstaaten im CIM/SMGS-Frachtbrief zusätzlich Angaben in russischer Sprache vorzuschreiben. Die Frage der Verwendung der russischen Sprache wird bereits im Handbuch GLV CIM/SMGS des CIT geregelt. Der Vorsitzende weist darauf hin, dass das RID bereits heute Schnittstellen zu anderen Verkehrsträgern regele. So werde in Abschnitt 5.4.2 RID die Ausstellung eines Container-/Fahrzeugpackzertifikats geregelt, das nur für eine nachfolgende Seebeförderung notwendig sei. In gleicher Weise könnte auch in Absatz 5.4.1.4.1 eine Aussage zum Übergang in einen anderen Rechtsbereich getroffen werden. Da eine abweichende Sprachenregelung auch für die Beförderungsrichtung West-Ost in die Anlage 2 zum SMGS aufgenommen werden müsste, wird vereinbart, diese Angelegenheit zunächst in der für die Anlage 2 zuständigen Arbeitsgruppe der OSShD zu regeln und anschließend auf der Grundlage eines neuen Dokuments bei der nächsten Sitzung der ständigen Arbeitsgruppe des RID-Fachausschusses darauf zurückzukommen.

Grundlegende Unterschiede zwischen den Ausga­ben 2011 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS und des RID

Der Vorsitzende dankt zunächst der OSShD für die geleistete Arbeit, die neue Struktur des RID auch in die Anlage 2 zum SMGS zu übernehmen. Er erläutert anschließend die Funktionsweise des RID-Fachausschusses. Eine Änderung der Vorgaben aus den weltweit und multimodal geltenden UN-Empfehlungen für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter und die von der Gemeinsamen RID/ADR**/ADN***-Tagung für die anderen Verkehrsträger entwickelten europäischen Vorschriften für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter könne der RID-Fachausschuss nicht vornehmen. Daneben rührten einige Bestimmungen aus der Harmonisierung mit dem EU-Recht her, da die EU-Mitgliedsstaaten für den nationalen Verkehr keine eigenen Gefahrgutvorschriften mehr zur Anwendung bringen könnten. Der RID-Fachausschuss könne deshalb ausschließlich solche Fragen diskutieren, die mit der europäischen Eisenbahnbeförderung zusammen­hängen. Im Zusammenhang mit der Harmonisierung der Anlage 2 zum SMGS und des RID könne die Ständige Arbeitsgruppe des RID-Fachausschusses lediglich Vorschläge unterbreiten, an welchen Stellen eine Anpassung der Anlage 2 zum SMGS vorgenommen werden sollte, oder selbst Änderungen des RID vornehmen.

Der Vertreter der OSShD erklärt, dass seine Organisation bereit sei, alle Vorschläge der Arbeitsgruppe zur Beseitigung von Unterschieden zu prüfen, um den eurasischen Eisenbahnverkehr zu erleichtern. Der Vertreter der Europäischen Kommission weist darauf hin, dass die Richtlinie 2008/68 besondere Vorschriften für EU-Mitgliedstaaten enthält, die sowohl das RID als auch die Anlage 2 zum SMGS anwenden. Eine Minimierung der Unterschiede zwischen beiden Rechtsregimen sei auch im Interesse der Europäischen Kommission.

Unterabschnitt 1.4.1.3

Im RID werden nicht nur den Hauptbeteiligten (Absender, Beförderer, Empfänger), sondern auch verschiedenen Nebenbeteiligten klare Pflichten zugeteilt. Um zu starke Eingriffe in die nationale Gesetzgebung zu vermeiden, können von den Mitgliedsstaaten Abweichungen bei der Pflichtenzuteilung vorgenommen werden. Aus Gründen der Transparenz müssen diese jedoch dem Sekretariat der OTIF mitgeteilt werden, damit die übrigen Staaten Kenntnis davon erlangen.

Der Vertreter Russlands erklärt, dass strukturelle Reformen in den entsprechenden russischen Vorschriften dazu führen könnten, dass neben den drei Hauptbeteiligten auch andere Nebenbeteiligte eingeführt würden.

Unterabschnitt 1.5.1.1

Der Abschluss multilateraler Sondervereinbarungen des RID, mit denen Rechtsänderungen umgesetzt werden können, ist nur zwischen den staatlichen Organen der Mitgliedsstaaten, nicht aber wie in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS zwischen den verschiedenen Wirtschaftsbeteiligten möglich. Auf die Frage des Vorsitzenden, ob die nach Anlage 2 des SMGS zwischen verschiedenen Wirtschaftsbeteiligten abgeschlossenen zeitweiligen Abweichungen auch für EU-Mitgliedsstaaten zulässig seien, erklärt der Vertreter der Europäischen Kommission, dass die Richtlinie 2008/68/ EG dies ermögliche, sofern ein gleichwertiger Sicherheitsstandard gewahrt bleibe.

Übergangsvorschriften des Kapitels 1.6  

Der Vertreter Lettlands erläutert, dass die allgemeine Übergangsvorschrift in Unterabschnitt 1.6.1.1 die Anwendung der alten Vorschriften jeweils bis zum 31. Dezember des Jahres ermögliche, in denen die Inkraftsetzung der neuen Vorschriften erfolgt. Dies hänge damit zusammen, dass die neuen Vorschriften der Anlage 2 zum SMGS im Gegensatz zum RID jeweils erst zum 1. Juli der ungeraden Jahre in Kraft gesetzt würden. Er kündigt an, dass in die Ausgabe 2013 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS Vorschriften aufgenommen würden, um die bisher ausgeschlossene Verwendung von RID-Tankcontainern älterer Produktion zuzulassen.

Die Arbeitsgruppe bat das Komitee der OSShD um zusätzliche Prüfung, ob die Inkraftsetzung der neuen Vorschriften der Anlage 2 zum SMGS nach dem Beispiel des Internationalen Codes für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter mit Seeschiffen (IMDG-Codes) am 1. Januar der ungeraden Jahre erfolgen könnte. Dies sei für das abgestimmte Vorgehen aller am Beförderungsprozess von gefährlichen Gütern Beteiligter und vor dem Hintergrund der Tatsache, dass große Unternehmen im RID-Bereich bereits zum 1. Januar auf die neuen Vorschriften umstellen, von großer

Kapitel 1.10

Die Arbeitsgruppe regt eine Prüfung an, ob eine Anwendung des Kapitels 1.10, das dem Kapitel 1.4 der UN-Modellvorschriften entspricht, nicht auch für die OSShD-Mitgliedsstaaten sinnvoll und notwendig ist.

Kapitel 3.2 Tabelle A Spalten 21a, 21b und 21c  

Die Spalten 21a, 21b und 21c der Tabelle A des Kapitels 3.2 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS enthalten codierte Vorschriften betreffend die Notfallkartennummer, den Mindestschutzabstand und die Bedingungen für Ablaufmanöver. Das RID enthält im Gegensatz dazu schriftliche Weisungen gemäß Abschnitt 5.4.3, die sich allerdings nur an den Triebfahrzeugführer, nicht jedoch an die Einsatzkräfte richten, die Vorschriften für den Schutzabstand in Abschnitt 7.5.3, die nur für Stoffe der Klasse 1 gelten, und in Kapitel 3.2 Tabelle A Spalte 5 die Angabe, ob ein Rangierzettel nach Muster 13 oder 15 vorgeschrieben ist. Es wird festgestellt, dass gegenwärtig eine Harmonisierung bei diesen drei Spalten nicht realisierbar ist, dass aber zumindest die RID-Vertragsstaaten Ungarn, Polen und die Slowakei von der Anwendung der genannten Vorschriften ausgenommen sind.

Kapitel 3.3 Sondervorschrift 274  

Es wird daran erinnert, dass die Zuordnung der Sondervorschrift 274 zwischen den UN-Modellvorschriften, dem IMDG-Code und dem RID/ADR/ADN harmonisiert und diese Sondervorschrift im RID in der Folge bei den UN-Nummern 2985, 2986

und 2988 gestrichen wurde. Von den Experten der OSShD wird festgestellt, dass für die UN-Nummern 2985 und 2988 in Abhängigkeit von der technischen Benennung die Sondervorschrift CW 65 in Abschnitt 7.5.11 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS zu beachten ist. Es wird vereinbart, diese Frage vorerst zurückzustellen. Sollte die Prüfung ergeben, dass für die verschiedenen technischen Benennungen dieser UN-Nummern unterschiedliche Notfallmaßnahmen erforderlich werden, sollte der Gemeinsamen Tagung ein entsprechender Antrag unterbreitet werden.

Kapitel 3.3 Sondervorschrift 800  

Die in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS den UN-Nummern 1381 und 2447 (Phosphor) zusätzlich zugeordnete Sondervorschrift 800 fordert die Angabe des verwendeten Schutzmittels im Beförderungspapier. Da es sich bei diesen Transportleistungen um zusätzliche Eisenbahntransportleistungen handelt, die auch die RID-Vertragsstaaten berühren und deshalb auch eine Regelung im RID sinnvoll sein könnte, wird vereinbart, dass Lettland zunächst eine Diskussion mit anderen SMGS-Mitgliedstaaten führt und dann der Arbeitsgruppe einen Antrag unterbreitet.

Kapitel 3.4

Der Vorsitzende erinnert daran, dass die Vorschriften für begrenzte nach langer Vorarbeit 2011 endlich harmonisiert werden konnten. So würden die gleichen Vorschriften auch für das ADR gelten, dessen Vertragspartei Russland sei. Vor diesem Hintergrund und auf Grund der Tatsache, dass die Vorschriften für begrenzte Mengen in der Vergangenheit immer wieder zu Problemen geführt haben, appelliert er daran, die für die GUS-Staaten geltenden schärferen Vorschriften nochmals zu überprüfen.

Verpackungsanweisungen P 002 und IBC 07  

Bei Beförderungen von UN 1680 Kaliumcyanid, fest und von UN 1689 Natriumcyanid, fest, in oder durch

das Hoheitsgebiet von Kasachstan, Russland, der Ukraine und Belarus dürfen keine Großpackmittel (IBC) verwendet werden, und Einzelverpackungen müssen eine zusätzliche dichte Beschichtung aufweisen.

Die Vertreterin der Ukraine erläuterte, dass diese zusätzliche Anforderung auf der Grundlage nationaler Standards aufgenommen worden sei, räumt aber ein, dass eine erneute Diskussion erforderlich sei, um eine Harmonisierung mit den anderen Vorschriften zu erreichen.

Verpackungsanweisung P 801a

Der Vertreter Russlands erläutert, dass der Ausschluss der Beförderung von gebrauchten Batterien (Akkumulatoren) der UN-Nummern 2794, 2795, 2800 und 3028 in Wagen mit Decken und in bedeckten Containern in oder durch das Hoheitsgebiet Kasachstans, Russlands, Usbekistans und Belarus im Zusammenhang mit den Ausschlüssen in Kapitel 7.2 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS zu betrachten sei und aus Gründen des Diebstahlschutzes bestehe. In der Ausgabe 2013 hingegen werde eine Beförderung in Wagen mit Decken und in bedeckten Containern auf der Grundlage von Vereinbarungen zugelassen.

Sondervorschrift TP 60

Die nur in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS bestehende Sondervorschrift TP60 sagt aus, dass die Beförderung von Kältemitteln der UN-Nummern 1009, 2035, 3220 und 3252 in ortsbeweglichen Tanks in oder durch das Hoheitsgebiet Kasachstans, Russlands, der Ukraine oder der Republik Belarus untersagt ist. Der Vertreter Russlands erklärt, dass die Sondervorschrift TP 60 für die Ausgabe 2015 überarbeitet und gegebenenfalls gestrichen werden sollte. Da die Vorschriften für ortsbewegliche Tanks, die weltweit für die härtesten Anforderungen ausgelegt seien, verkehrsträgerübergreifend harmonisiert seien, bestünden keine Gründe für die weitere Aufrechterhaltung der Sondervorschrift TP 60.

Absatz 4.3.2.1.6

Im RID ist die wechselseitige Verwendung von Tanks für die Beförderung von Nahrungsmitteln und gefährlichen Gütern grundsätzlich erlaubt. Der Absatz 4.3.2.1.6 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS enthält eine Fußnote, welche die Beförderung von Nahrungsmitteln aus oder nach Kasachstan oder in die Russischen Föderation in Tanks, die auch für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter verwendet werden, ausschließt. Es gibt allerdings auch Nahrungsmittel, die gleichzeitig auch Gefahrgut sind (z.B. Alkohol, Essig, Phosphorsäure, die für die Herstellung von Cola verwendet wird).

Der Vertreter der Russischen Föderation räumt ein, dass der Text der Fußnote in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS umformuliert werden müsse. In der Tat sollt zwischen Tanks, die für die Beförderung aller Arten gefährlicher Güter verwendet werden und solchen, die nur für die Beförderung von Nahrungsmitteln eingesetzt werden, die gleichzeitig Gefahrgut sind, unterschieden werden. Auf der anderen Seite könnte auch eine Änderung des RID/ADR-Textes ins Auge gefasst werden, da für die Beförderung solcher Nahrungsmittel nach EU-Recht nur Lebensmitteltanks verwendet werden dürfen.

Absatz 4.3.2.2.4

Während das RID die Ausrüstung von Tanks zur Beförderung flüssiger Stoffe mit Trenn- oder Schwallwänden oder alternativ eine Mindestbefüllung von 80% bzw. eine Maximalbefüllung von 20% des Fassungsraumes nur für Tankcontainer kennt, sieht die Anlage 2 zum SMGS diese Anforderung auch für Kesselwagen vor. Nach Aussage der Vertreter Polens und der Russischen Föderation gehen dieses Anforderungen einerseits auf Unfälle, bei denen die Kesselwagen aus Gewichtsgründen nicht vollständig befüllt waren, und andererseits auf die unterschiedlichen Bauvorschriften für Kesselwagen der Spurweite 1520 mm zurück, die bedingt durch den größeren Tankradius einen von den Normalspur­Kesselwagen abweichenden Schwerpunkt aufweisen.

Der Vertreter der UIC erinnert daran, dass ein Untersuchungsbericht aus den 1960er Jahren zur Demontage der Schwallwände geführt habe. Hintergründe seien Probleme bei der Befestigung der Schwallwände, Spannungsrisse und ungünstige Auswirkungen auf den Tankkörper gewesen. Die Arbeitsgruppe beschließt, diese Frage erneut in der Arbeitsgruppe

„Tank- und Fahrzeugtechnik" auf der Grundlage des damaligen Berichts der UIC und unter Teilnahme interessierter SMGS-Vertragsstaaten vertieft zu prüfen.

Absatz 4.3.2.3.6

Dieser Absatz, der die Beförderung von miteinander gefährlich reagierenden Stoffen in Mehrkammertanks regelt, ist in beiden Regelwerken unterschiedlich formuliert, führt aber zu demselben Ziel. Jedoch wird durch eine Bemerkung in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS bei der Beförderung in der Russischen Föderation eine Trennung von befüllten Abteilen durch leere Abteile nicht erlaubt.

Da eine Beförderung in Mehrkammertanks im Eisenbahnverkehr äußerst selten erfolgt, hat diese Frage keine große Bedeutung, so dass der Unterschied, der nach Aussage des Vertreters der Russischen Föderation der Vermeidung von Unfällen dient, beibehalten werden kann.

Absatz 4.3.2.3.7

Die Beförderung von großen Tankcontainern, die für Längsträgheitskräfte von Rg 2 (wobei R die höchste Nettomasse des Tankcontainers und g die Erdbeschleunigung ist) ausgelegt sind, darf gemäß der Anlage 2 zum SMGS auf Schienenstrecken der Spurweite 1520 mm nur auf der Grundlage von Sondervereinbarungen durchgeführt werden. Keine Einschränkungen bestehen hingegen für ortsbewegliche Tanks die in Längsrichtung dem Zweifachen der maximal zulässigen Masse, multipliziert mit der Erdbeschleunigung, widerstehen müssen. Diese Frage wird nochmals in Zusammenhang mit der Auslegung der Forderungen in Kapitel 6.8 diskutiert werden.

Absatz 4.3.2.3.8

Wegen der in Kasachstan und der Russischen Föderation im Winterhalbjahr vorherrschenden niedrigen Temperaturen wird in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS gefordert, dass Tankcontainer, die zwischen dem 1. November und dem 1. April in diesen Staaten befördert werden, eine untere Auslegungstemperatur von -50 °C haben müssen. Dieser grundlegende Unterschied kann nach Ansicht der Arbeitsgruppe nicht behoben werden.

Absätze 4.3.3.4.1 und 4.3.3.4.3

In den Texten dieser beiden Absätze in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS wird präzisiert, dass die Kontrollmaßnahmen vor und nach dem Befüllen der Flüssiggas­Kesselwagen vom Absender durchzuführen sind. In einer Bemerkung wird darauf hingewiesen, dass für diejenigen Staaten, die gleichzeitig RID-Vertragsstaaten sind, eine andere Pflichtenzuteilung besteht. Im RID wird die Zuteilung der Pflichten in Kapitel 1.4. vorgenommen. Da das RID im Gegensatz zur Anlage 2 des SMGS mehrere Beteiligte umfasst, kann hier momentan keine Harmonisierung erfolgen.

Unterabschnitt 4.3.3.5

Gemäß den Absätzen 6.8.5.1.3 und 6.8.5.1.4 beider Regelwerke dürfen Tankkörper und die Verbindung von Zubehörteilen mit dem Tankkörper durch Hartlöten erfolgen. Der Unterabschnitt 4.3.3.5 der Anlage 2 zum SMGS schränkt diese Bauvorschrift für Kesselwagen und Tankcontainer insofern ein, als auf Strecken der Spurweite 1520 mm eine Sondervereinbarung erforderlich ist. Der Vertreter Russlands erklärte, dass momentan in Russland keine Wagen mit hartgelöteten Tankkörpern existieren, so dass diese Vorschrift derzeit keine praktische Bedeutung besitzt.

Absatz 4.3.4.1.2

Eine zusätzliche Bemerkung zu diesem Absatz in der Anlage 2 zum SMGS sagt aus, dass „der Teil 1 der Tankhierarchie auf Schienenstrecken Kasachstans, der Russischen Föderation und der Ukraine nicht angewendet werden darf." Die Vertreter Lettlands und Russlands präzisierten, dass es in der Praxis keinen Bedarf für die Beförderung fester Stoffe in Tanks für Flüssigkeiten gebe, da insbesondere beim Befüllen oder Entleeren es zu technischen Problemen kommen könne. Das Sekretariat erinnert daran, dass die Möglichkeit der Verwendung von Tanks für flüssige Stoffe zur Beförderung von festen Stoffen auf der Grundlage eines Antrags Frankreichs aus dem Jahr 2004 aufgenommen wurde, damit eine Beförderung von festen Stoffe und ihren wässerigen Lösungen (z.B. UN 1495 Natriumchlorat und UN 2428 Natriumchlorat, wässerige Lösung) in demselben Tank ermöglicht werde.

Weitere Arbeit

Die Teilnehmer der Arbeitsgruppe vereinbarten, dass die gemeinsame Arbeit im Rahmen einer kleineren Gruppe, die interessierte OTIF- und OSShD-Mitgliedsstaaten einschließt, fortgeführt werden soll. Das zusammenfassende Dokument mit der Darstellung der Unterschiede zwischen den beiden Regelwerken für die Beförderung gefährlicher Güter ist der 2. Sitzung der Ständigen Arbeitsgruppe des RID-Fachausschusses in Kopenhagen (Dänemark) vorzulegen. Dem Sekretariat der OTIF wurde vorgeschlagen, die positiven Ergebnisse, die von den Experten der OSShD und der OTIF erreicht wurden, zusammenzufassen und an das Komitee der OSShD weiterzuleiten.

 

 

  

screenRenderTime=9
© 2003-2017 OSJD
Sitemap     Контакты     Contacts     联系方式