Current OSJD Activities. History of OSJD foundation and development.
In 2016, all OSJD activities were highlighted by the 60th anniversary of foundation of the Organisation for Co-Operation between Railways. During this period, the cooperation of transport ministries and railways of the OSJD member countries, the railway network of which connects Europe and Asia, has strengthened. The previously established railway transport system, supported by the existing SMGS and SMPS agreements, contracts and regulations, was able to ensure the improvement and development of international railway traffic, increasing its competitiveness, and meeting the countries' needs for the transport of goods and passengers in the vast Eurasian space.
In 2016, the Organisation focused on the fulfillment of the main task aimed at the development of international railway traffic in the communication between Europe and Asia, the improvement of regulatory and legal frameworks, and the enhancement of the competitiveness of railway transport.
Over the recent period, most of the railways of the OSJD member countries have made a substantial reorganisation and improvement of their management structure to adapt it to the market conditions and requirements of the 21st century, marked by the desire for significant technological progress in the development of railway transport.
This was facilitated by a number of activities and recommendations developed by OSJD in cooperation with ministries and railways, which allowed the reconstruction of many railway lines, the construction of new promising railway routes, and the renewal of rolling stock.
Thus, in 2016 the railway transport of Azerbaijan transported 11.36 million tons of goods and 1.97 million passengers. Great attention is paid to the implementation of North - South and West - East projects. The existing railway lines, sections, stations and railway infrastructure facilities are being modernized. The Azerbaijani side began to construct a strategically important line to the border of Iran and the railway bridge across the Astarachay river on the railway section of Astara (Azerbaijan) - Astara (Iran). The single-track railway line from Astara station to the Iranian state border, which is 8.3 km long, has been completed.
An international fast train began to run on the route Nakhichevan - Mashhad - Nakhichevan.
In order to provide citizens with an access to the public services in the regions, a completely new project of a unique innovative service was created: the "ASAN Train". This train will provide citizens in the regions with nine types of services of four state bodies of Azerbaijan: the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Population and the State Property Committee.
In 2016, 3000 new freight wagons of various types and 10 modern TE33A series mainline locomotives were put into operation.
In 2016, 3.54 million tons of goods were transported on the Afghanistan Railway. A new "Port Akina" station was opened, a railway line with a length of 2 km to Akina station was put into operation.
In 2016, the Byelorussian Railway transported 126.8 million tons of goods. One of the strategic directions of the Byelorussian Railway's activities is the development of container transportation, which made it possible to double the volume of container transit traffic in the China - EU - China communication and transport 146 thousand TEUs of container goods.
Particular attention was paid to the development of perishable goods traffic in refrigerated containers, including refrigerated couplings.
In 2016, the electrification of the Osipovichi - Zhlobin - Gomel sections was completed.
557,9 km of railway lines were modernised. 2 freight electric locomotives, 4 diesel trains, 1 electrical train, 161 freight wagons were purchased.
Work was carried out to organise fast passenger traffic on the Moscow - Brest - Berlin route using the fast speed rolling stock of the Spanish TALGO company
equipped with automatic gauge changing system. The implementation of the joint project has made it possible to reduce the en-route time between Moscow and Berlin by 5.5 hours.
The unified CIM/SMGS consignment note in the direction of West - East and back is widely used on the Byelorussian Railway for the carriage of goods.
On the Hungarian State Railways, reconstruction and modernisation of the Budapest - Zahony line being part of the OSJD railway transport corridor No. 5 continued in order to raise the speed limit up to 160 km/h. On the railway lines of OSJD corridors Nos. 4, 5 and 6, GSM-R radio communication has been introduced. The reconstruction of the largest railway node of the Szekesfehervar station has been completed. Electrification of the Gyor- Sopron-Ebenfurt railway line from Raika station (border with Slovakia) to Zalasentivan station (MAV network) has been completed. The rolling stock was renewed. The total volume of both freight and passenger traffic remained unchanged compared to the previous year.
In 2016, Iranian Railways carried 39.44 million tons of cargo, which is 13% more as compared to the level of 2015. A new 81 km-long Sangan-Shamtig railway line (to Afghanistan) was put into operation.
21 new locomotives, 92 passenger coaches, 724 new freight wagons were purchased.
In 2016 the following main projects continued to be implemented:
- the construction of the 164-km Gazvin-Resht-Anzali railway line, the 132-km Mianet - Bostanabad railway line, of the railway lines Tehran - Hamedan of 267 km long, Chabahar - Zahedan of 580 km long, of Tehran - Isfahan high-speed railway line of 410 km long for the train speeds of 250 km/h;
- electrification of the Tehran - Mashhad railway line (926 km long) for the train speeds of 200 km/h;
- electrification of the Garmsar - Incheburun railway line (460 km long) for the passenger traffic with a speed of 160 km/h and for freight traffic at a speed of 120 km/h.
In 2016 the Railway of Kazakhstan reached a turnover of 188.2 billion tons-km. At the same time, the volume of transit container traffic in the China - Europe - China communication has doubled and amounted to 105 thousand TEUs against 2015. Passenger turnover amounted to 16.5 billion pass-kilometers, which is 6% higher than in 2015.
In the Republic of Kazakhstan, traffic of 12 high-speed trains composed of the coaches manufactured by the Tulpar-Talgo LLP plant were successfully completed, which significantly reduced the traveling time of passengers by more than 1.5 times.
Large-scale infrastructure projects are being successfully implemented on the railway. In 2016 the construction of the new railway line Borzhakty - Ersai (16.6 km) and the first launching complex of the second tracks on the Almaty-1 - Shu section (53.2 km) were completed. The first start-up complex of the Kuryk port was put into operation.
In 2016, the "KTZ NC" JSC upgraded 354 km of railway lines. 25 new locomotives, 116 passenger coaches, 4 electrical multiple units for commuter traffic were purchased.
The Chinese Railways transported 2.81 billion passengers and 3.33 billion tons of goods in 2016.
The State Administration for Railway Transport of the People's Republic of China developed the "13th Five-Year Plan" for railways, as well as continues its activities in the following areas:
- development of railway legislation and standardisation systems;
- further simplifying the administrative procedures and transferring authority to lower-level bodies, as well as strengthening control and management;
- deepening of structural reform in regard to the railway investments, improving the project quality control system to ensure the development of railway construction.
Railway transport enterprises have improved the ways of processing freight carriage, introduced and improved the function of processing transactions via the Internet, simplified the procedure for the registration of freight traffic; the ways of organising transportation and the development of the transport market for small and bulk cargo trans- portation have been changed; the possibilities for passenger traffic have increased, the opportunities for ticket purchasing and seat reservation have been optimised and expanded, the quality of services has improved, etc.
In 2016, the Latvian Railway transported 47.81 million tons of goods, including 46.33 million tons of goods in international transit. 17.228 million passengers were carried (100.9% against 2015).
- km of railway lines have been modernised.
Together with CZ LOKO, the first main cargo diesel locomotive of the 2M62UM series was upgraded with the installation of a diesel internal combustion engine and the main alternator/direct current generator, which increased the main traction characteristics of the locomotive.
In 2016, the Railways of the Republic of Lithuania transported 47.7 million tons of goods, of which international transportation amounted to 32.6 million tons. 4.4 million passengers were carried, which is 4.8% higher than against the level of 2015.
Following the strategy for the development of the Lithuanian transport system, work continued in 2016 towards the implementation of the Rail Baltica project.
The Lithuanian Railways JSC purchased 56 new freight wagons, 7 new three-section diesel trains Pesa730ML and one shunting locomotive.
The Lithuanian Railways JSC takes part in the preparation and updating of the regulatory and legal base, as well as in the organisation of transport of goods under the unified CIM/ SMGS consignment note. To this end, in Annex 1 to the CIM/SMGS consignment note (Annex 6 to SMGS), Lithuanian Railways JSC has announced routes for the transport of goods under the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note, which includes all transit directions.
In 2016, the Railway of Moldova transported 3.493 million tons of cargo, modernised 17.3 km of railways.
In 2016, the Ministry of Transport and Road Infrastructure of the Republic of Moldova signed a financing agreement with the European Investment Bank in the amount of 50 million euros for the implementation of the project "Reconstruction of the Railways of Moldova" in cooperation with the EBRD. The total amount is 105 million euros and 5 million euros as a grant from the EU to purchase new locomotives and modernise the railway infrastructure.
The total amount of the project for a 15-year period until 2021 amounts to 106.75 million euros, including 5 million euros as a grant from the EU to purchase new locomotives and modernise the railway infrastructure, 1.5 million euros from the EBRD's Technical Cooperation Fund for advisory technical assistance in reforming the railway sector of the Republic of Moldova in general and the CFM in particular.
The Ulan-Bator Railway carried 19.9 million tons of cargo in 2016, which is 104.38% as compared to the level of the previous year.
The reconstruction of the railway tracks at the stations of Darkhan and Olon-Ovoo was carried out to provide the running of long trains composed of 102 wagons.
The PKP Intercity JSC of the Polish State Railways transported 38.5 million passengers in 2016 (+ 123% to the level of 2015).
Within the framework of the new strategy until 2020, the newest trains of Pendolino, FLIRT3 and PesaDART have been employed on the new routes.
Last April, PKP Intercity JSC increased the number of routes served by the Express InterCity Premium (EIP) trains, which began to provide regularly service to the cities of Zielona Gora and Kolobrzeg.
Thanks to the newest trains, modernized coaches and an attractive pricing policy for 2016, PKP Intercity JSC noted a remarkable growth in the number of passengers, which made up 27% for the economic segment last year.
Successful work was carried out to create new container routes in the traffic between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Poland.
PKP LHS LLC carried out extensive activities towards the creation of new container routes along the Trans-Caspian transport route to Western Europe through the territory of Poland using the PKP LHS line.
In 2016 the PKP Cargo JSC procured 12 multisystem electric locomotives manufactured by Siemens. Successful work was continued to modernise the railway lines that are part of the OSJD corridors, such as:
- E 75 Rail Baltica: Warsaw - Bialystok - border with Lithuania;
- E 30 C-E30 section of Krakow - Rzeszow;
- E 65 on the Warsaw - Gdynia section.
On the Russian Railways passenger turnover reached 124.46 billion pass-km in 2016, which is 3.4% higher as compared to the previous year.
In 2016, on the Russian Railways 1,326,561.7 thousand tons of goods were transported (100% to the level of 2015), including 527,974.9 thousand tons (100.3%) in international traffic. Freight turnover grew by 1.7%, in international traffic - by 4.7% against the level of the previous year.
In 2016, passenger turnover reached 124.46 billion pass-km, which is 3.4% higher than in the previous year.
The railway transport services were used by 1037.0 million passengers, which is 16.6 million more than in the same period of the previous year (+1.6% compared to the level of 2015), 101.4 million passengers were transported in the long-distance trains (+3.6% against the previous year), suburban traffic made up 935.6 million passengers (+1.4% compared to the previous year).
The total volume of international traffic in 2016 amounted to 7.253.836 people, which is 4.8% lower than the level of 2015. Of which the volume of traffic with the CIS and Baltic countries in 2016 amounted to 6.300.419 people, which is 6.5% lower than the level of 2015.
234 new passenger coaches of TVZ JSC production for locomotive traction and 60 TALGO coaches were delivered.
63.8 km of the second tracks were put into operation, along the railway lines Vyborg - Pikhtovaya, Taishet - Khain, Tobolsk - Surgut - Korotchaevo 29 stations carried out work to extend the railway tracks (159.6 km). 192.6 km of railway lines were electrified on the sections Mga - Gatchina - Vaimary - Ivangorod.
In 2016, 82 coaches for EMU rolling stock (15 EMU electric trains) of the ED9E series,
ED4M produced by the Demikhovsky Machine Building Plant JSC were actually delivered onto the railway network.
The Romanian Railways transported 23.326 million tons of cargo in 2016 (97.93% against the level of 2015).
Modernization of railway lines was in active progress on the Romanian Railways from the state border with Hungary on the route Kurtic - Simeria - Brasov aimed at organising fast-speed train traffic with a speed limit of 160 km/h. Work is underway to apply Annex 9 to the International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (1982) by introducing modern information systems that provide for an exchange of preliminary data and information with Ukraine and Moldova on the entry and exit of goods to and from Romania.
The Slovak Railway transported 35.637 million tons of cargo in 2016, which exceeded the level of 2015 by 2.6%, and 65.6 million passengers, which exceeded the level of the previous year by 17.9%.
In 2016, modernisation of the railway line from the border of the Czech Republic/Slovak Republic - Kuty - Devinska Nova Ves for the purpose of operating it at a speed of 200 km/h.
On the Tajik Railway 5 million 454 thousand tons of cargo and 452 thousand passengers were transported in 2016, which is 6.4% more than in the previous year.
1 new locomotive and 1 passenger diesel train (DMU) were purchased, which ensured an increase in the competitiveness and passenger flow in the domestic traffic.
In 2016, a new railway line Dushanbe - Kurgan-Tube - Kulyab was put into operation with a length of 40.7 km, which connects the Central part of the Republic of Tajikistan with the Khotlon Region.
Uzbek Railways carried 86.368 million tons of cargo in 2016, which is 5.5% higher than in 2015. 20.961 million passengers (101.5% of the level of 2015) were transported.
In 2016, a new electrified railway line Angren - Pap with a length of 123.2 km was put into operation, a tunnel of 19.2 km was built, new stations of Kul, Orzu, Chodak, Kop, Koshminor and Pap were opened. The Samarkand - Bukhara 291-km railway line was electrified with the organisation of a high-speed passenger traffic. The Pap - Kokand - Andijan 181-km railway line was electrified. 130 km of railways were modernised.
In 2016 the "Uzbekiston Temir Yollari" JSC purchased 7 freight electric locomotives, built 15 passenger coaches and 700 freight wagons, modernized 1440 freight wagons.
In 2016, the high-speed electric train 'Afrosiyab' began to run on the Tashkent -Samarkand -Bukhara section.
On the Ukrainian Railways the passenger turnover amounted to 37360.1 million passengers in 2016 (104% as compared to 2015). 343.43 million tons of cargo were carried (98.1% against the level of 2015).
In 2016 a new container train was organised along the route European countries - (Chop, Batevo, Izov) - Ilyichjevsk - Georgia - Azerbaijan - Kazakhstan (Dostyk) - China.
In the course of 2016, 85,267 loads were sent under the application of the CIM/SMGS unified consignment note, which is 12% higher than in 2015. In December 2016 an every-day international passenger traffic between Kiev and Przemysl was opened, organised by the fast-speed two-system electric multiple units of Hyundai production.
The Czech Railways, in the framework of improving the quality of railway services, commissioned new regional railway lines in the Central Czech and Liberec regions. In the field of long-distance transportation, a new line of the international high-speed segment Prague - Tabor - Ceske Budejovice - Linz was put into operation.
In 2016, the modernisation of the railway lines Decin - Rumbuk, Klatovy - Zelezna Ruda, Bludov - Jesenik, and the railway bridge on the Hohenau (OBB) - Prerov railway line was completed. New rolling stock was procured both for passenger and freight traffic.
Along the Estonian Railways JSC infrastructure, 6.93 million passengers were transported in 2016, which is 4.0% more as compared to the level of 2015, the passenger turnover amounted to 315.8 million pass-km, which is 10.5% more than in 2015. In international traffic 102.8 thousand passengers were transported, which is 86.7% more than in 2015. During 2016, 12.5 million tons of cargo were transported, which is 18.7% less than in 2015, and international cargo turnover amounted to 25.1% less than in 2015.
In 2016, all OSJD member countries continued to build up multimodal traffic and create new container routes on the railways of the Republic of Belarus, Hungary, People's Republic of China, Republic of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Republic of Latvia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Poland, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, Republic of Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Czech Republic. A total number of more than 280 routes of container trains were organised in the international traffic by the railways of OSJD member countries, of which more than 150 run on a regular basis.
The programme for the development of fast-speed and high-speed passenger traffic network was being successfully implemented on the railways of the People's Republic of China, Russian Federation, Republic of Poland, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Kazakhstan, Slovak Republic, Republic of Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic and other countries.
Schedulet traffic of passenger trains and renewal of passenger rolling stock have been in progress.
The issues of facilitation of border crossing procedures were of great importance and aspiration for the OSJD member countries, which was confirmed by the successful implementation of Annex 9 to the Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Control for Goods of 1982, as well as by the desire of the OSJD member countries to prepare and adopt a new Convention on Facilitation of Carriage of Passengers and Luggage by Rail.
A great deal of attention in the OSJD's activities is paid to improving the OSJD legal basis, implementation of complex amendments and additions to the SMGS Agreement which came into force on 1 July 2015. There is a growing tendency to increase the number of consignments sent using the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note. Successful work is being done to update the Rules for the Transport of Dangerous Goods in regard to the RID Rules. The work completed by the Ad Hoc Working Group on the preparation of a New Convention on Direct International Railway Traffic, which includes SMGS and SMPS Agreements as annexes in the form of general provisions of agreements for the carriage of goods and passengers in international traffic, made it possible to hold Session I of the International Conference for the adoption of the text of the Convention on Direct International Railway Traffic in the period from 14 till 18 November 2016.
The work for the implementation of Memoranda on cooperation in the field of technical, operational and commercial development of OSJD corridors was purposefully carried out.
Successful work was performed to make up and coordinate the train traffic timetables, implement and coordinate the freight volumes in international goods traffic by rail, to update and improve the PGW Rules.
The work on the development and approval of the leaflets dealing with technical railway issues in the field of rolling stock, dimensions and gauges, railway track and artificial structures, signalling and interlocking, power supply and traction, organisation of transportation by using the paperless technology, and scientific and technical information was actively carries out.
Great concern was caused by the work in the field of improving financial and accounting activities, consideration of financial and accounting issues aimed at reducing mutual debts between the railways of the OSJD member countries.
The OSJD/ERA Contact Group actively participated in the subject of "Cooperation between OSJD and ERA in the field of analysis of the interaction between the EU and non-EU railway systems, with a track gauge of 1520/1524 mm and 1435 mm', the solution of which provides for establishing conditions for a better interaction of railway systems in the EU and OSJD countries.
Considerable attention was paid to cooperation with international organisations, first of all, with UNECE, UN ESCAP, OTIF, CIT, ECE, EU, UIC, CCTT, FIATA and others.
The OSJD observers and affiliated enterprises participated and contributed fruitfully to OSJD activities.
Coordinated and purposeful work on the implementation of the set plans, comprehensive measures aimed at the improvement and development of railway transport, increasing its competitiveness, enabled the railways of the OSJD member countries to cope with the tasks set forth for ensuring the carriage of passengers and goods in 2016.