Current OSJD Activities. History of OSJD foundation and development.
In 2015, the activities of the Organisation for Cooperation between Railways (OSJD) were focused on meeting targets related to further development of international rail traffic in the service, between Europe and Asia, improvements in the legal and regulatory framework with the purpose of increasing the competitiveness of rail transport sector and meeting the requirements of the OSJD member countries in carrying goods and passengers.
It should be noted that, in 2015, the railways of the OSJD member states carried out its activities in difficult conditions resulting from the complicities in the economic sector, which required from them additional efforts to be made in order to solve the subsequent problems. Meanwhile, railway transportation has shown its leading role in the common transport system in Eurasian.
For the past years, most railways of OSJD member countries have undergone essential reforms and modernisation of their managerial structure for its adaptation to the modern conditions and the requirements subject to the trends of significant technological advance in the railway transport development.
In 2015, according to the measures and recommendations developed by OSJD in cooperation with ministries and railways, a great amount of work has been carried out to reconstruct the railway lines and modernise the infrastructure within the OSJD transport corridors which resulted in the increase of freight transportation volumes on the railways of OSJD member countries. The harmonious and purposeful operation of all railways of OSJD member countries has facilitated such results.
The above achievements are a result of the effective and well-coordinated work of all of the OSJD railways.
In 2015, the Azerbaijani Railways carried 17.09 million tons of goods, including 13 million tons carried as international operations. Special attention is paid to the modernisation of the railway infrastructure in section Bejuk-Kasik – Ganja. Baku – Sumgait section was reconstructed.
In 2015, two main tracker container trains China – Kazakhstan – Azerbaijan – Georgia and China – Kazakhstan – Russia – Azerbaijan – Georgiav were put in service.
2838 new freight wagons, 4 new electric trains and 8 new diesel-powered locomotives were purchased.
In 2015, the volume of cargo transportation on the Byelorussian Railway made up 131.4 million tons of goods.
The number of regular main tracker container trains running between China and West Europe has been steadily grown.
8 trains run on the Byelorussian Railway between Belarus and Germany, Poland, Czech Republic and Lithuania.
Due to the improvement of the methods of train handling, the handling time at the Brest railway junction reduced from 36 to 10 hours with transhipment and to 6 hours without transhipment.
The Belarus Railways are completely opened for transportation of freight in all directions using the CIM/SMGS consignment note. 29050 containers run under such a consignment note during the year.
In 2015, as part of development of the railway infrastructure, the projects: “Extension of the receiving-departure lines of Orsha-Tsentralnaya railway station and Sitnitsa railway station” and “Development of the second stage of construction “Electrification of the 86 km of Gomel – Zhlobin section” were successfully completed.
In 2015, 279 new freight wagons were purchased.
The Byelorussian Railway, jointly with the Russian Railways, implements the project of passenger Moscow – Brest – Warsaw – Berlin traffic using Talgo (Spain) high-speed rolling-stock.
In 2015, The Bulgarian Railways continued reconstruction and modernisation of OSJD Railway Corridor No. 6, and modernised Septemvri – Plovdiv and Plovdiv – Burgas sections. Now, Plovdiv intermodal terminal is under construction.
In 2015, the National Railway Infrastructure Company (NRIC) entered the TIS (the Train Information System) of the International Organisation of Rail Infrastructure Managers on a routine basis; that enables Bulgarian and foreign operators to monitor their international trains on a real-time basis. Besides, the train information system makes it possible to monitor train delays at the border stations and causes thereof.
The Hungarian State Railways (MÁV) continued reconstruction and modernisation of Budapest – Záhony railway line that makes a part of OSJD International Railway Transport Corridor No. 5 to enable the speed of 160 km/h with the commissioning of its section Szolnok – Püspökladány, an overloaded single-track railway line on the south shore of Balaton and single-track suburban railway line Budapest – Esztergom of the metropolitan agglomeration transportation system. Reconstruction of Vác station was successfully completed. Vác station has not only operational importance, but also a historical one as a terminal depot the first Hungarian railway line opened 170 years ago, and administrative and economic centre of Southern Transdanubia, Pecs, as well as important Püspökladány eastern terminal located along OSJD International Railway Corridors Nos. 4/6 and 5, respectively, as well as some other small railway stations.
The total freight and passenger traffic remained unchanged as compared to the previous year.
As to the Győr - Sopron - Ebenfurth railway (GySEV), Csorna – Porpac section essential for North – South transit was electrified. The first phase of the comprehensive traffic safety programme that includes rail crossing improvement, including by means of equipping thereof with a so-called “video witness”, diagnostic devices (sensors) for detection of overheated hotboxes, dynamic axle load balance, and loading gage controls. A facility was established to control these diagnostic devices. Reconstruction of the electric multiple unit stock shop of about 2,000 m² in floor area at Szombathely railway station has been successfully completed.
The total volume of both freight and passenger – inland and international – transformation remained practically unchanged as compared to the previous year. To facilitate the border crossing at some most important border crossing points, the most important international high-speed trains continue to run without locomotive changing and receive-transmit. In cooperation with the relevant adjacent railways, the service regulations and other documents that regulate the train running through the state border are regularly reviewed and updated.
In 2015, the Chinese Railways carried 2.71 billion tons of cargo and 2.53 billion passengers.
9531 km of new railway lines were put in commission, from which 3306 km are high-speed.
The number of passenger coaches increased by 4000 units, 723 thousand freight wagons.
The Chinese Railways introduced the principle of splitting of the administrative and economic functions.
In order to promote the innovative structural systems and acceleration of the railway construction, measures were developed aimed at:
- further transformation of the governmental functions;
- simplification of the administrative procedures;
- consolidation of the railway transport control and management;
- further improvement of the social investment environment;
- furtherance of the railway tariff reform;
- furtherance of further railway transport development.
The Kyrgyz Railways has modernised above 150 km of lines of the northern and southern sections with the laying of new reinforced concrete and timber sleepers for the last four years.
Six new modern TE33A Evolution fifth generation diesel-powered locomotives were put in service. Two car-repair plants were established for the purpose of modernisation and repairs of freight wagons and passenger coaches that allows extending the life of wagons.
Fibre-optic communication line is laid at Lugovaya – Bishkek – Rybachye section.
The strategic projects of construction North – South trunk railways are being successfully implemented as part of the Russia – Kazakhstan – Kyrgyzstan – Tajikistan project and China – Kyrgyzstan project.
In 2015, the Latvian Railway carried 55.6 million tons of goods, of which 53.9 million tons were carried in the international transport.
The new Bolderāja-2 – Krievu railway line was put in service, with the construction of new Bolderāja -2 railway station.
47.2 km of railway lines were modernised. The second 56 km tract at Skrīveri-Krustpils section was opened. 93.8 km of the permanent ways were reconstructed.
In 2015, the Lithuanian Railways carries 48.1 million tons of goods and 4.2 million passengers.
1,435 mm gauge railway line of 115.2 km from the state border with Poland to Kaunas railway station was put in service as a result of implementation of the project “Rail Baltic”.
The projects of modernisation of the railway infrastructure of OSJD corridor No. 9 (Kena – Vilnius – Siauliai – Klaipeda), construction of the second track on Kyviskes – Valciunai section, as well as on Pavenciai – Raudėnui, Telšiai – Dusaikai and Kūlupėnai – Kretinga sections were successfully completed.
As a result of modernisation of 1,520 mm gauge infrastructure, 53.7 km of new lines and 4 bridges have been constructed and 44.1 km of the existing tracks have been modernised.
7 new railway engines were purchased for the purposes of renewal of the traction electrical equipment.
A computer-based system of commercial inspection of trains and wagons was installed at Kiana and Kibartai border stations, as a result of which the duration of commercial inspection of trains was significantly reduced and made more exact, with the recording of all cases of incorrect loading and load securing, technical and commercial condition of wagons and coaches and cargo shortage in case theft.
In 2015, the Moldova Railways spent more than 30 million Romanian leus (1.5 million US Dollars) for capital repair and entered into a loan agreement with the European Bank for purchase of 10 new railway engines, modernisation of motive-power depots, and recovery of the railway infrastructure for 100 million euros in aggregate.
Moldova Railways Sate Enterprise and Ukrainian Railway Transport Organisation signed an Agreement for electronic data exchange in the international freight transport. A significant progress is availability of all types of control (border control, customs check, sanitary inspection, veterinary inspection, etc.) on the principle of “the single window” at all railway border stations of Moldova.
24583 consignments were carried over the territory of the Republic of Moldova using the CIM/SMGS consignment note in 2015.
In 2015, the volume of freight transit through the Ulan-Bator Railways increased by 101.38 %. Two new container lines Chengdu (PRC) – UBZD – RZD – Łódź (Poland), Zhengzhou (PRC) – UBZD – RZD – Duisburg (Germany) were opened.
A new 24.5 km railway line for iron ore transportation was put in operation in Mongolia.
Three new remote control crossing loops were constructed and put in operation.
Annex No. 9 to the International Convention the terms and conditions of Freight Border Control is successfully implemented, that is witnessed by reduction by 45 minutes of the time of border control of freight trains between Russia and Mongolia.
In 2015, the Poland Railways carried 31.19 million passengers, 117.59 million tons of goods, including 48.26 million tons in international transport. Over 800 km of railway lines were modernised due to which the train en route time in Trójmiasto – Wroclaw, Poznan – Krakow, Warsaw – Bielsko-Biala, Olsztyn – Bydgoszcz sections significantly reduced. The transit time between Warsaw and Gdansk has been significantly reduced due to Pendolino trains.
Thanks to the launch of the new product “Express Intercity Premium”, modern Pendolino trains significantly reduced the transit time between the main cities of Poland (from Warsaw to Gdansk, Wroclaw, Krakow and Katowice).
PKP InterCity permanently improves its offers for passengers through development of interregional lines using the latest DART and FLIRT trains manufactured in Poland. Besides, the company purchased 10 Gama electric locomotives.
PKP Cargo has been effectively developed the container terminals at Poznan-Franovo station in Poland (owned by PKP Cargo), as well as in Czech Ostrava- Paskov (a terminal owned by Advanced World Transport, an affiliate of PKP Cargo Group).
PKP Cargo actively participates in the stimulation of the railway traffic from China to West and South Europe as part of the New Silk Road (to more than 10 trips weekly).
PKP Cargo has purchased 15 Siemens Vectron multisystem freight locomotives, ten Gama passenger electric locomotives for service on the trans-border lined. For the purposes of strengthening of the cargo protection and security and train monitoring, unmanned aerial vehicles are now used, as a result of which losses have been reduced almost by 60 %.
The cargo turnover of the Russian Railway made 2.302.738 million tons (100.3 %), of which 1.304.478 million tons (100.7 % to 2014) – in the international transport. 25 new container train routes: Duisburg – Korla, Värtsilä – Korla, Sergeli – Nakhodka, Hefei – Hamburg, Nakhodka-Vostochnaya – Khovrino, Koity – Novorossiysk, etc., were put into operation.
In 2015, 3.4 km of new railway lines were put into operation. Reconstruction of Babaevo station of the Oktyabrskaya Railway and construction of new Chernyshevskoye border station of the Kaliningradskaya Railway were successfully completed.
Technical upgrading of Petushki – Nizhni Novgorod section of the Gorkovskaya Railway was in progress. Tonnelnaya station of the Northern Caucasian Railway, Cherepovets-II station of the Northern Railway, Volkhovstroy-I station of the Oktyabrskaya Railway, Kinel stations of the Kuybyshevskaya Railway, Ekaterinburg-Sortirovochnaya station of the Sverdlovskaya Railway are under reconstruction.
500 new locomotives, 240 rolling-stock units and 185 passenger coaches were purchased.
Railway infrastructure facilities were modernised for high-speed running of trains at Moscow – Saint Petersburg, Moscow – Smolensk – Krasnoe, and Moscow – Nizhni Novgorod sections.
The development of market relations and competition in the freight wagon operations encouraged investments in the construction and modernisation of the carriage rolling stock: private investments of over 600 billion rubles were attracted, as a result of which the freight car fleet was significantly renovated and the total number of wagons reached 1 million 124 thousand units.
The Slovak Railway (Železnice Slovenskej Republiky) successfully completed the construction of the new intermodal transport terminal at Žilina station and integrated passenger terminal at Moldava nad Bodvou station.
The lines at Nové Mesto nad Váhom – Púchov section were modernised to enable the running speed of up to 160 km/h.
6 railway engines and 31 passenger coaches have been modernised.
17 new modern air-conditioned passenger coaches and 17 double-stored interregional trains were purchased.
Rochi ochani Totshikiston, a Tajikistan State Unitary Enterprise (Tajik Railway) carried 6.1 million tons of goods in 2015.
The construction of the new Vahdat – Yavan railway is in progress; the railway lines at Rahaty – Vahdat – Elok and Kurgantube – Yavan sections are being modernized; the construction of 40.7 km Vahdat – Yavan section is expected to be completed in 2016, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of independence of Tajikistan.
In 2015, the Romanian Railways carried 23.821 million tons of goods (103 % to the previous year level). CFR-Marfa carried 19922 carriage operations using the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note.
The railway lines Câmpina – Predeal, Bucharest – Braşov, Curtici – Simeria, Braşov – Simeria were actively modernised to cause train running at the maximum speed of 160 km/h.
16 railway stations: Giurgiu, Slatina, Bistriţa Nord, Botoşani, Vaslui and other, have been modernised.
In 2015, the freight traffic on the Uzbek Railways made 81.8 million tons, and passenger traffic made 20.63 million passengers. The first stage of electrification of 140.8 km Marakand – Karshi railway section was successfully completed with the organisation of high-speed passenger train service at Samarkand – Karshi railway line. 55 railway engine sections and 1258 freight wagons were successfully modernised, 11 new freight electric locomotives (PRC), 650 freight wagons and 22 passenger coaches. Two “Talgo-250” high-speed passenger coaches may be purchased.
The Ukrainian Railways was effectively involved in the installation of new container train lines: European countries – Ukraine (Chop), Batevo/Izov – Ilyichevsk-Paromnaya – Georgia (Poti/ Batumi – Gardabani) – Azerbaijan – (Beyuk Kyasik – Alyat) – Kazakhstan (Aktau-Port – Dostyk) – China through ferry crossing Ilyichevsk – Poti/Batumi and Alyat – Aktau – Aktau-Port.
Operation of the checkpoints is now based on the principle of the “single window”, when all public control services are accessible.
The transport infrastructure of the international transport was actively developed; the amount of works totalled to 650.47 million grivnas.
In 2015, 76128 carriage operations were made under the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note that is by 10 % more than in 2014.
The Czech Railways put in service a new container main tracker train Česká Třebová – Brest.
Preparation of the project of modernisation of 200 km/h railway line Brno – Přerov is in progress.
New rolling-stock (multisystem electric locomotives) was purchased both for passenger and freight railway operations.
In 2015, the Estonian Railways carried 15.39 million tons of goods, of which 11.3 million tons (73.4%) were transit traffic, 0.29 million tons were export and 1.29 million tons - import.
The annual volume of domestic passenger traffic of the Estonian Railways made about 5.5 million passengers. In 2015, 57 thousand passengers were carried in the international transport trains.
In 2015, totally 1.31 million euros were invested in the Estonian Railways infrastructure, and the 2016 investment programme made 39.6 million euros.
The unified CIM/SMGS consignment note is widely used, in particular, in railway operations with the Russian Federation, where the unified CIM/SMGS consignment note is used in 90 % of all carriage operations.
The work was conducted on use of Annex 9 to the International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Control of Goods (1982).
Activities are being carried out aimed at creation of paperless technology. Currently, over 98 % customs entry forms are in electronic format.
The railways of Belarus, Kazakhstan, China, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Uzbekistan, Czech Republic and other countries were focused on the implementation of the High speed passenger service development approved by the XXX session of the OSJD Ministerial Conference. These countries work on stage by stage increase of the average running speed of passenger trains, renovation of the passenger rolling-stock with the speed of 160 km/h and higher, that significantly reduces the transit time on many railway routes.
In 2015, The railways of the following countries: Belarus, Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Estonia and other countries successfully continued to create new, container routes, thus having increased the number of container block trains running on the railways of OSJD member countries up to 280. A positive tendency of an increase in container freight shipment quantity under the use of unified CIM/SMGS consignment note has been noticeable, that testifies to the efficiency of its application in the international traffic between Europe and Asia.
The comprehensive amendments to SMGS come into effect on July 1, 2015.
The work aimed at updating the Rules for the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (Annex 2 to SMGS) was continued at the aforesaid meetings in view of the amendments and supplements made to international and national regulations for carriage of hazardous cargos.
The facilitation of border crossing by railway transport was high on the agenda of the OSJD activities, which is witnessed by the results of the VIII Interdepartmental Conference on this subject, held in Gdansk in September 2015.
Special attention is paid to the implementation of the memorandum on cooperation in the technical, operational and commercial development of the OSJD corridors.
Fruitful work was carried out to coordinate and approve train timetables, implement and concord the freight transportation volumes in international traffic, to publish and update the PGW Agreement.
Committed work was carried out to develop and approve leaflets relating to the technical questions of railways in the field of rolling stock, gauges, railway track and engineer structures, signalling and interlocking, power supply and power traction, organisation of transportation with the use of paperless technology and in the field of scientific and technical information.
Productive works were performed to improve financial and accounting activities, to consider financial and accounting issues aimed at the reduction of mutual debts of the railways of OSJD member countries.
An actual work of the OSJD/ERA Contact Group for the comparative analysis of technical parameters of 1520/1524 and 1435-mm systems has made it possible to create conditions of interaction between the railway systems of EU and non-EU OSJD member countries.
A high value in the OSJD activities was set to expand the cooperation with the international organisations, such as UNECE, UNESCAP, EvrAzES, EU, OTIF, ERA, CIT, UIC, CCTT and others.
OSJD observers and affiliated enterprises have made a considerable and positive contribution into the OSJD activities. Their number has increased essentially for the past year having reached 7 and 41 accordingly in 2014.
The Ad-Hoc Working Group for Updating the OSJD Fundamental Documents successfully completed the 10 year work, as a result of which a draft Convention on Direct International Railway Traffic was prepared comprising as appendices the SMPS and SMGS Agreements in the form of general provisions of the agreements for the transportation of passengers and goods in the international traffic.
Due to the fruitful and well-coordinated work on implementation of the planned comprehensive measures aimed at the improvement, development and competitive recovery of railway operations, many of the OSJD member states successfully managed the tasks on provision of the 2015 passenger and cargo railway operations.